Fort Bonifacio
Bonifacio Global City - skyline (view from Pioneer) (Taguig and Makati)(2018-04-24) cropped.jpg
Manila American Cemetery Aerial View.JPG
Fort Bonifacio is located in Metro Manila
Fort Bonifacio
Fort Bonifacio
Coordinates: 14°31′51.94″N 121°2′52.25″E / 14.5310944°N 121.0478472°E / 14.5310944; 121.0478472Coordinates: 14°31′51.94″N 121°2′52.25″E / 14.5310944°N 121.0478472°E / 14.5310944; 121.0478472
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
CityTaguig
District2nd district of Taguig
Established (as Taguig barangay)2008
Government
 • TypeBarangay
 • Barangay CaptainJorge Daniel Bocobo
Area
 • Total2.4 km2 (0.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total11,739[1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
Postal Code
1630
Area code02
Websitewww.barangayfortbonifacio.com

Fort Bonifacio is one of the 28 barangays of Taguig, Metro Manila, Philippines. The financial district of Bonifacio Global City, the Fort Bonifacio military camp and the Manila American Cemetery are under the jurisdiction of the barangay.[2]

History

Fort McKinley and Fort Bonifacio

Main article: Fort Bonifacio

During the American colonial period, the US government acquired a 25.78 km2 (9.95 sq mi) property within what was then disputed area between Makati, Taguig and Pateros for military purposes. This area (TCT dated 1902) was turned into a camp then known as Fort William McKinley after the 25th US president, William McKinley. After the Philippines gained its political independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, the US bestowed to the Republic of the Philippines all rights of possession, jurisdiction, supervision and control over the Philippine territory except the use of their military bases. On May 14, 1949, Fort McKinley was turned over to the Philippine government by virtue of US Embassy Note No. 0570.[3]

Under the AFP leadership of Gen. Alfonso Arellano, Fort McKinley was made the permanent headquarters of the Philippine Army in 1957 and was subsequently renamed Fort Bonifacio,[4] after the Father of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Andres Bonifacio, whose father, Santiago Bonifacio, was a native of Taguig, which was then a town part of the Province of Tondo (later Manila).

During the Marcos dictatorship

Main article: Martial law under Ferdinand Marcos

When Ferdinand Marcos placed the Philippines under martial law in 1972, Fort Bonifacio became the host of three detention centers full of political prisoners - the Ipil Reception Center (sometimes called the Ipil Detention Center), a higher security facility called the Youth Rehabilitation Center (YRC),[5] and the Maximum Security Unit where Senators Jose W. Diokno and Benigno Aquino Jr. were detained.[6] Ipil was the largest prison facility for political prisoners during martial law. Among the prisoners held there were some of the country's leading academics, creative writers, journalists, and historians including Butch Dalisay, Ricky Lee, Bienvenido Lumbera, Jo Ann Maglipon, Ninotchka Rosca, Zeus Salazar, and William Henry Scott.[7] After Fort Bonifacio was privatized, the area in which Ipil was located became the area near SNR and Home Depot, near 32nd Street and 8th Avenue within in Bonifacio Global City,[7] while the YRC became a government facility just outside of Barangay Fort Bonifacio.[8]

Creation of Bonifacio Global City

Main article: Bonifacio Global City

On March 19, 1992, President Corazon C. Aquino signed the Bases Conversion and Development Act of 1992 (RA 7227) into law, creating the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA, tasked with converting Military Bases into "integrated developments, dynamic business centers and vibrant communities."[9]

On February 7, 1995, the BCDA and a consortium led by Metro Pacific Investments Corporation formed a joint venture called the Fort Bonifacio Development Corporation (FBDC) for the purpise of developing 150 hectares of former Fort Bonifacio land. The private group bought a 55% stake in the FBDC for 30.4 billion pesos, while BCDA held on to the remaining 45% stake. The FBDC's landmark project was concieved as Bonifacio Global City, a real estate development area meant to accommodate 250,000 residents and 500,000 daytime workers and visitors. The project was hampered by the 1997 Asian financial crisis, but moved forward when Ayala Land, Inc. and Evergreen Holdings, Inc. of the Campos Group purchased Metro Pacific's controlling stake in FBDC in 2003.[10]

Land dispute

Main article: Fort Bonifacio boundary dispute

On December 9, 1937, the Deed of Absolute sale executed by the owner, Don Anacleto Madrigal Acopiado in favor of the American Government covering the area of 100 hectares (250 acres), portion of Bicutan, Taguig, annotated at the back of TCT No. 408. During the American Commonwealth, it was converted to a Military base, named Fort McKinley. It was during the presidency of the late President Ferdinand E. Marcos' administration when Fort McKinley was renamed Fort Bonifacio and transferred to Makati. Taguig got the jurisdiction over Fort Bonifacio after winning the case against Makati in filed in the Pasig Regional Trial Court in 1993. Makati appealed the ruling, but the Pasig RTC in 2011 still sided with Taguig, saying that Fort Bonifacio including the -EMBO Baranggays are all part of Taguig. Makati then asked the Court of Appeals to review the case. The Court of Appeals overturned the Pasig Regional Trial Court's decision and reverted jurisdiction of the BGC in favor of Makati. As of date, Taguig has filed a Motion of Reconsideration at the Court of Appeals seeking to revert the decision.

The newest Court of Appeals Resolution promulgated on October 3, 2017. In a 18-page resolution promulgated on March 8 penned by Associate Justice Edwin Sorongon and was concurred by Justices Ramon Cruz and Renato Francisco, the CA's Special Former Sixth Division granted Taguig's motion to dismiss citing Makati's violation of the forum shopping rule (or pursuing simultaneous remedies in two different courts) and accordingly dismissed the latter's appeal of the earlier decision of the Pasig Regional Trial Court (RTC) which originally ruled in favor of Taguig.[11]

The CA took notice of the Supreme Court's decision on June 15, 2016, which found Makati guilty of “willful and deliberate forum shopping.” [12]

“However, the Supreme Court has not spoken. Ineluctably, we must adhere. The issue of whether Makati committed willful and deliberate forum shopping in these cases has been finally laid to rest no less than by the Supreme Court,” the CA said in a ruling.[13] With this development, the rightful owner of the former military reservation is Taguig.

Establishment as Taguig barangay

Barangay Fort Bonifacio was created as a barangay of Taguig by virtue of the Sangguniang Panlungsod Ordinance No. 68 Series of 2008 out of Barangay Western Bicutan. It started to function on April 4, 2009, under the first appointed barangay officials with Armando Lopez as its first barangay captain and six barangay kagawads.[14]

On July 1, 2019, Taguig's 2nd district Representative Lani Cayetano filed House Bill No. 349 that seeks to create Fort Bonifacio as a barangay of Taguig.[15] As of July 23, however, the bill is pending with the House Committee on Local Government.[16]

Geography

Barangay Fort Bonifacio is bounded by barangays Dasmariñas, Forbes Park and the disputed Embo barangays of Pitogo, South Cembo, and West Rembo in Makati on the north; the barangays East Rembo and Pembo in Makati and a portion of the land claimed by barangay Ususan, Taguig on the east; barangays Pinagsama and Western Bicutan in Taguig on the south; and Barangay 183 in Pasay on the southwest.

On the side of Makati, Fort Bonifacio is officially divided into two barangays: Post Proper Northside, which has been occupied by Bonifacio Global City, and Post Proper Southside, which is mainly occupied by the Fort Andres Bonifacio of the Philippine Army and Manila American Cemetery. Both barangays are under Makati's 2nd District and are accessible via Lawton Avenue, Kalayaan Avenue, C5, and McKinley Road.

The Bonifacio High Street forms the physical core of Bonifacio Global City and is essentially designed as a three-by-three matrix of high-tech offices and residential buildings, retail outlets and pedestrian-friendly roads and walkways. The grid approach ensures a city center that is easy to navigate. The 5th and 11th Avenues and 32nd and 26th Streets serve as the boundaries of the city center. The One Bonifacio High Street, Where the PSE Tower, which houses the unified trading floor of the Philippine Stock Exchange, along with the Shangri-La at the Fort, Manila is also located.

See also

References

  1. ^ Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 Archived June 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine - Philippine Statistics Authority
  2. ^ "Barangay Barangay Fort Bonifacio". ILoveTaguig. April 20, 2019.
  3. ^ "About this Collection | United States Treaties and Other International Agreements | Digital Collections | Library of Congress" (PDF). Library of Congress.
  4. ^ Barangay West Rembo Profile[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Detention CampManila Today | Manila Today". www.manilatoday.net. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2022.
  6. ^ de Villa, Kathleen (September 22, 2018). "Remnants of a dark era". Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  7. ^ a b Velarde, Emmie G. (September 22, 2014). "Screenwriter Ricky Lee lived 3 lives in detention". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
  8. ^ Hilario, Ernesto M. "Martial Law Stories: Never Again to Martial Law". Positively Filipino. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
  9. ^ https://bcda.gov.ph/about-us
  10. ^ https://olc.worldbank.org/system/files/Bonifacio.pdf
  11. ^ http://services.ca.judiciary.gov.ph/casestatusinquiry-war/faces/jsp/view/ViewResultInformation.jsp?form1:tabSet1:tab1_submittedLink=form1:tabSet1:tab1[dead link]
  12. ^ G.R. No. 208393 (June 15, 2016), CITY OF TAGUIG, Petitioner, v. CITY OF MAKATI, Respondent.
  13. ^ "CA grants Taguig motion to dismiss Makati claim over BGC dispute". Abogado. March 9, 2017.
  14. ^ "Barangay Fort Bonifacio". Retrieved July 11, 2022.
  15. ^ House Bill No. 349 (July 1, 2019), An Act Creating a Barangay To Be Known as Barangay Fort Bonifacio in the City of Taguig, Metro Manila (PDF), retrieved July 11, 2022
  16. ^ "Cayetano, Maria Laarni". House of Representatives. Retrieved July 11, 2022.