Mariana
New Manila
Barangay
09719jfAurora Boulevard Landmarks Hemady Saint Paul Mariana Quezon Cityfvf 19.jpg
Official seal of Mariana
Mariana is located in Metro Manila
Mariana
Mariana
Coordinates: 14°37′10″N 121°02′05″E / 14.61944°N 121.03472°E / 14.61944; 121.03472Coordinates: 14°37′10″N 121°02′05″E / 14.61944°N 121.03472°E / 14.61944; 121.03472
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
CityQuezon City
District4th District
EstablishedAugust 21, 1961[1]
Government
 • TypeBarangay
 • Barangay captainRegine C. San Miguel[2]
Area
 • Total1.66 km2 (0.64 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[3]
 • Total11,967
 • Density7,209/km2 (18,670/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
Postal Code
1112[4]
Area code(s)2
PSGC137404060
WebsiteFacebook

Mariana, is an administrative division in eastern Metro Manila, the Philippines. It is an urban barangay in Quezon City in a middle class residential and commercial area known as New Manila, which includes Barangay Mariana and the adjacent Barangay Damayang Lagi.[5]

The barangay's land boundaries are defined by the España Boulevard Extension (now E. Rodriguez Sr. Avenue), Ilang-ilang Street, Rosario Drive, Victoria Avenue, and Aurora Boulevard, while its water boundaries are defined by the Salapan Creek (also known as the Ermitaño Creek).[6]

It is bordered by Barangay Damayang Lagi to the west, Barangays Kalusugan, and Kristong Hari to the north, Barangay Immaculate Concepcion to the east, Barangays Kaunlaran and Valencia to the south, and San Juan's Barangay Ermitaño to the southwest.

History

Pre-subdivision

Prior to the 1920s, the area that would become known as New Manila was once a hilly, underdeveloped hinterland along the shoreline of the San Juan River, at the outskirts of Manila. Eventually, as Manila became crowded, noisy, and polluted, new developments in the nearby San Juan became popular among middle-class families for a much more quiet and peaceful place to live.[7]

New Manila subdivision

In the 1920s, Lebanese immigrant Doña Magdalena Hemady purchased 1,000 ha (10 km2) of land from friar lands, which would become known as the Magdalena Estate.[7] Among these friar lands was land owned by the Ortigas family, which was previously owned by the Augustinian Order as the Hacienda de Mandaluyon.[6][8][9]

Around 1922 to 1923, Doña Hemady developed the land into the New Manila Subdivisions, becoming the first real estate developer in the country, and establishing what would be the first gated community outside of Manila.[6] The lots along the subdivision's main roads, namely Victoria Avenue, Broadway Avenue, Gilmore Avenue, and Pacific Avenue (now Doña Hemady Avenue) were cut at no less than 2,000 m2 (0.20 ha) per corner. On the other hand, lots along the side streets, numbered 1st to 13th after the numbered streets in New York City, measured at approximately 1,000 m2 (0.10 ha) each.[7]

In 1937, the New Manila area gained recognition as the "Hollywood of the Philippines", being home to Sampaguita Pictures(along Granada Street, now located in Barangay Valencia), one of the first companies that produced original Filipino films.[7]

Post-war developments

Throughout the 1940s, being far from Manila, the area was able to survive with minimal ruin during World War II.[7] This has led to increased development throughout the 1950s and 1960s around the area, as schools, churches, hospitals, and other institutions were set up in New Manila.[7]

In 1946, the St. Paul University System set up a Quezon City branch in New Manila, which would be known as St. Paul College Quezon City (now St. Paul University Quezon City).[10] This was followed by the evangelist Jubilee Christian Elementary School (now Jubilee Christian Academy) moving into a new elementary campus across St. Paul in 1980 and a high school and preschool campus just outside New Manila along E. Rodriguez Sr. Avenue in 2002 and 2003.[11]

During the 1950s, residents of New Manila would eagerly walk to attend mass at the nearby Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Cubao, which served as the parish church of New Manila. Other residents would also attend mass at the Christ the King Mission Seminary along E. Rodriguez Sr. Avenue or at the Carmelite Convent along Gilmore Avenue. But other residents would also walk or drive as far as the Santa Mesa Parish (now Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish) in Santa Mesa, Manila or the Santo Domingo Church further north.[12]

In 1954, the Carmelites purchased a 17,155 m2 (1.7 ha) property along Broadway Avenue to construct the Chapel of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (now the Minor Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel). It was inaugurated on July 16, 1964, on the feast day of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, and was declared a parish in 1975.[12]

In 1961, the Dispensary of St. Luke the Beloved Physician (now St. Lukes Medical Center moved from its original 52-bed hospital in Tondo, Manila to a new property along E. Rodriguez Sr. Avenue, within reach of New Manila.[13] That same year, the New Manila area was included in the barrio of Mariana in through Quezon City Ordinance No. 4816, which was later converted into a barangay in the 1970s. It was named after Mariana Wilson, one of the original residents of the New Manila area who was known among its residents for spearheading many of social activities within the community.[6]

Present day

The continuing migration of middle-class families towards new suburban developments outside of Manila resulted in available housing in the New Manila area to reach its peak in 1961.[14] At some point as well, the New Manila area ceased to exist as a gated community and was completely opened to outside traffic, with only some roads remaining gated at certain hours of the day.[15] As a result, throughout the 1980s, many of the original, large suburban houses were replaced by higher density developments such as townhouses, condominiums, and mixed-use complexes.[14]

Education

St. Paul University Quezon City
St. Paul University Quezon City

Health

Landmarks

Wisdom Park, a Buddhist park and religious resource center located along Broadway Avenue.
Wisdom Park, a Buddhist park and religious resource center located along Broadway Avenue.
The National Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, located at the intersection of Broadway Avenue and 4th Street.
The National Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, located at the intersection of Broadway Avenue and 4th Street.

Transport

Roads and streets

Rows of mango trees planted along Gilmore Avenue, the area's main southbound thoroughfare.
Rows of mango trees planted along Gilmore Avenue, the area's main southbound thoroughfare.

Mariana has a grid road layout, with its latitudinal roads named numerically from 1st to 13th, and its longtitudinal roads serving as main thoroughfares. Victoria Avenue (named after Doña Hemady's daughter-in-law, Victoria Cortes Ysmael), Broadway Avenue, Gilmore Avenue, Doña Hemady Avenue (formerly named Pacific Avenue), and Balete Drive serve as north–south thoroughfares within the area, while E. Rodgriguez Sr. Avenue and Aurora Boulevard serves as outlying east–west thoroughfares.[7]

All roads in the barangay are two-lane roads. Victoria Avenue, Broadway Avenue, and Balete Drive run in a two-way direction while Gilmore Avenue runs in a one-way direction going south, and Doña Hemady Avenue runs in a one-way direction going north.

Bus routes

Bus Route 10 (Cubao-Doroteo Jose) serves the Aurora Boulevard area with stops at Betty Go-Belmonte Street, Robinsons Magnolia, Gilmore Avenue, and Madison Street while Bus Route 11 (Taytay-Gilmore) has its west terminus along Gilmore Avenue in the adjacent Barangay Valencia. Jeepneys run along E. Rodriguez Avenue with routes going to and from Manila, Cubao, and the Tomas Morato Avenue area.

Jeepney routes

Jeepneys pass through Aurora Boulevard to and from the Cubao district and Stop & Shop (a name for the area of Old Santa Mesa Road in Santa Mesa, Manila).[16]

Tricycle terminals

Tricycles ply the New Manila area directly through New Manila Tricycle Operators and Drivers' Association (TODA) terminals located at Madison Street, 3rd Street corner Gilmore Avenue, and Victoria Avenue corner E. Rodriguez Sr. Avenue.

Railways

Mariana is served by Gilmore Station and Betty Go-Belmonte Station of the LRT Line 2.

Government

The exterior of the barangay hall.
The exterior of the barangay hall.

The seat of government of Mariana is located at 4th Street corner New Jersey Street, a compound which also includes the barangay's multi-purpose facilities and materials recovery facility.[1][18]

Demographics

Barangay Mariana is the 56th most-populated barangay in Quezon City, with a population of 11,967 people according to the 2020 census,[3] up from a population of 11,227 people in the 2015 census.[19]

The insignia of the barangay seal is a green mango, owing to the prominence of mango trees planted along Gilmore Avenue and Broadway Avenue that were originally planted by Doña Hemady and her laborers.[6][7]

References

  1. ^ a b c "QC : Barangay Profiles". Quezon City Public Library. Archived from the original on 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2021-11-06.
  2. ^ "Quezon City Barangay Officials". Quezon City Government. Retrieved 2021-11-06.
  3. ^ a b "2020 Census of Population and Housing (2020 CPH) Population Counts Declared Official by the President". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 7, 2021. Retrieved November 6, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "Quezon City Postal Code Metro Manila". 2019-09-12. Retrieved 2021-11-06.
  5. ^ Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2011-2025 (PDF). Quezon City Government. 2011. pp. Annex 5.1 pages 6–7.
  6. ^ a b c d e History of QC Barangays: Journey to Early Beginnings of Quezon City Barangays. Vol. 1. Quezon City: Quezon City Public Library. 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Generations of Prestige: Unraveling the Heritage of New Manila". One Balete. 2016-07-19. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  8. ^ "The Developer". Ortigas Properties. Retrieved 2021-09-21.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Flores, Wilson (2005-12-19). "The Ortigas clan stages a business comeback". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2021-09-21.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Why SPUQC is a Recognized LEADER in Education". St. Paul University Quezon City. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  11. ^ "History". Jubilee Christian Academy. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  12. ^ a b Francisco, Butch (2015-12-13). "QC's Mt. Carmel church now a national shrine". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  13. ^ "ST. LUKE'S THROUGH THE YEARS: A TRADITION OF EXCELLENCE". www.stlukes.com.ph. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  14. ^ a b Alcazaren, Paulo. "The suburbs of Quezon City". Philstar.com. Retrieved 2021-11-28.
  15. ^ Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2011-2025 (PDF). Quezon City Government. 2011. pp. 51–52.
  16. ^ "The story behind Sta. Mesa, Manila's 'Stop & Shop'". InqPOP!. 2021-02-08. Retrieved 2021-12-20.
  17. ^ "Parang - Cubao — Sakay Route Explorer". explore.sakay.ph. Retrieved 2021-12-20.
  18. ^ "Materials Recovery Facility MRF". Retrieved 2021-11-06.
  19. ^ "Population of the National Capital Region (Based on the 2015 Census of Population)". Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)