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Novaliches Proper, Quezon City
Novaliches Proper, Quezon City
RegionNational Capital Region
CitiesCaloocan, Quezon City
EstablishedSeptember 22, 1855
Founded byManuel Pavía y Lacy

Novaliches is a place that forms the northern areas of Quezon City, and encompasses the whole area of North Caloocan.


The name Novaliches came from the name of the small village of Novaliches in the town of Jérica in Spain. It was awarded to General Manuel Pavía y Lacy, who served as a Governor-General of the Philippines. The child Queen Isabella II bestowed on him the title "Marquess of Novaliches" for defending her against her uncle Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón, who claimed the throne of Spain which resulted in the First Carlist War.[1]


Novaliches as part of Caloocan, 1942, still fully intact with its territory as a municipality until 1948
Novaliches as part of Caloocan, 1942, still fully intact with its territory as a municipality until 1948
StatusFormer municipality of Bulacan (1855-1858), Manila (1858-1901), and Rizal (1901-1903)
• Separation from Polo
September 22, 1855
• Amalgamation from Bulacan to Tondo
• Annexation to Caloocan
October 3, 1903
• 1898
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Today part ofMetro Manila (Quezon City and Caloocan)
Territorial changes of Caloocan.
  Existing territorial boundaries.
  Detached by Commonwealth Act 502 (1939).
  Novaliches area. Detached by Republic Act 392 (1949).

On February 2, 1854, General Manuel Pavía y Lacy was sent to Manila to serve as the Governor-General of the Philippines. His task was to establish a penal colony where prisoners were given lands to develop in exchange for their freedom. The colony was given the name Hacienda Tala, and it eventually grew into a larger community.[1] In the same year, the Alcalde Mayor (equivalient to present-day Governor) of Bulacan petitioned to the Spanish government to incorporate the haciendas of Malinta, Piedad, and Tala into a new town. The town was to be named "Novaliches" from the title "Marquis of Novaliches" of Manuel Pavía y Lacy, which was recently recalled to Spain.

On September 22, 1855, Novaliches was created as a municipality of Bulacan. Three years later, it was transferred to the Province of Tondo (later renamed Manila in 1859) until 1901, when the town was transferred again to the newly created Rizal Province during the American regime. The US Government enacted a reorganization of local government units as part of economic reforms, and Novaliches was absorbed by the neighboring town of Caloocan on October 12, 1903, by virtue of Act No. 942 of the Philippine Commission.[2][3] During World War II, Caloocan became part of the City of Greater Manila from 1942 to 1945.[4][5]

In July 1948, Republic Act No. 333 was signed, making Quezon City as the Capital City of the Philippines, replacing Manila.[6] This necessitated the expansion of Quezon City northward, beyond the La Mesa Watershed Reservation, and encompassing half of the former town. The other half, now known as North Caloocan, remains with Caloocan, which became a city in 1962.[3] The division of Novaliches caused Caloocan to be divided into two parts.[7]

On February 23, 1998, President Fidel V. Ramos signed Republic Act No. 8535, which would make Novaliches into its own city. 15 barangays were to be taken out from Quezon City to form the proposed new city.[8] However, it lost in the plebiscite held in the whole of Quezon City on October 23, 1999. At present, the part of Novaliches belonging to Quezon City is divided into two Congressional Districts, which represents it in the Lower House of the Congress of the Philippines.[9]


Barangays of Novaliches in Quezon City
Barangay Legislative District Population (2020)[10]
Bagbag QC 5th District 64,653
Capri 12,903
Fairview 61,813
Greater Lagro 23,569
Gulod 62,542
Kaligayahan 60,462
Nagkaisang Nayon 53,781
North Fairview 44,408
Novaliches Proper (Bayan/Poblacion) 15,468
Pasong Putik Proper 39,896
San Agustin 25,355
San Bartolome 51,148
Santa Lucia 28,215
Santa Monica 51,834
Baesa QC 6th District 55,328
Pasong Tamo 110,738
Sangandaan 21,061
Sauyo 76,289
Talipapa 38,949
Tandang Sora 83,114
Barangays of Novaliches in Caloocan City
Barangay Area Legislative District Population (2020)[10]
Barangay 164 Talipapa 1st district 19,471
Barangay 165 Bagbaguin 26,622
Barangay 166 Kaybiga 20,985
Barangay 167 Llano 57,041
Barangay 168 Deparo 35,729
Barangay 170 12,901
Barangay 169 BF Homes Caloocan 4,887
Barangay 171 Bagumbong 111,713
Barangay 172 Urduja 22,829
Barangay 173 Congress 15,165
Barangay 174 Camarin 25,000
Barangay 175 71,726
Barangay 177 84,159
Barangay 178 3rd district 110,224
Barangay 179 46,828
Barangay 176 Bagong Silang 261,729
Barangay 181 Pangarap Village 22,269
Barangay 182 9,269
Barangay 180 Tala 18,802
Barangay 183 7,354
Barangay 184 2,919
Barangay 185 27,169
Barangay 186 25,346
Barangay 187 25,046
Barangay 188 32,543


The Main Campus of Quezon City University is located on San Bartolome, along Quirino Highway.

In popular culture


  1. ^ a b "Spanish Era". Roman Catholic Diocese of Novaliches. August 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  2. ^ Act No. 942 (October 12, 1903), An Act Reducing the Thirty-Two Municipalities of the Province of Rizal to Fifteen, retrieved May 12, 2022
  3. ^ a b Samonte, Severino (September 26, 2020). "Vignettes about the former Novaliches town". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved July 15, 2021.
  4. ^ Executive Order No. 400, s. 1942 (January 1, 1942), Creating the City of Greater Manila, retrieved August 24, 2022
  5. ^ Executive Order No. 58, s. 1945 (July 26, 1945), Reducing the Territory of the City of Greater Manila, retrieved August 24, 2022
  6. ^ Republic Act No. 333 (July 17, 1948), An Act to Establish the Capital of the Philippines and the Permanent Seat of the National Government, to Create a Capital City Planning Commission, to Appropriate Funds for the Acquisition of Private Estates Within the Boundary Limits of Said City, and to Authorize the Issuance of Bonds of the National Government for the Acquisition of Private Estates, for the Subdivision Thereof, and for the Construction of Streets, Bridges, Waterworks, Sewerage and Other Municipal Improvements in the Capital City, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, retrieved July 31, 2021
  7. ^ "Why Caloocan City consists of two separate areas". BusinessMirror. December 19, 2018. Retrieved July 15, 2021.
  8. ^ Republic Act No. 8392 (August 23, 2020), An Act Creating the City of Novaliches, retrieved July 15, 2021
  9. ^ Samonte, Severino (August 23, 2020). "Why Caloocan City residents are under-represented in Congress". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved July 15, 2021.
  10. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). Table B - Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City, and Municipality - By Region. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.