Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo
Kampo Heneral Emilio Aguinaldo
Quezon City, Philippines
35th National Reservists Week 10.jpg
General Headquarters Building of the AFP at Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo, Quezon City.
TypeMilitary base
Site information
Controlled by Philippines
Site history
Built1935
In use1935-present
MaterialsConcrete and Metal
Battles/wars
Garrison information
Current
commander
US-O7 insignia.svg
BGEN Joel Lalaquil, PA[1][2]
Garrison
Department of National Defense - DND (Philippines).svg
Department of National Defense

Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo (CGEA), also known as Camp Aguinaldo, is the site of the general headquarters (GHQ) of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) located in eastern Metro Manila, the Philippines.

It is located in Quezon City along EDSA, a major thoroughfare of the metropolis, to which it is across Camp Crame, the national headquarters (NHQ) of the Philippine National Police (PNP). The military installation is named after Philippine revolutionary leader Emilio Aguinaldo, who became the first Philippine president and fought in the Philippine Revolution, the Spanish–American War, and the Philippine–American War.

Land

The combined areas of both Camp Aguinaldo and Camp Crame covers a total land area of 220 hectares (2.2 km2), with 34 hectares (0.34 km2) being part of a deed of donation from the Ortigas and Company Partnership Limited in the 1950s. The company had originally acquired these lands as estate holdings from the Augustinian Order, such as the Hacienda de Mandaluyon.[3]

Camp Aguinaldo occupies 178.7 hectares (1.787 km2) of this total area,[4] of which 152.5 hectares (1.525 km2) hectares were purchased by the government and the remaining 26.2 hectares (0.262 km2) hectares were donated by Ortigas and Company.[5][6]

History

Aerial view of Camp Murphy and Zablan Field, 1937
Aerial view of Camp Murphy and Zablan Field, 1937
Gate of Camp Aguinaldo.
Gate of Camp Aguinaldo.
GHQ Security Escort Battalion render honors for United States Secretary of Defense William Cohen at the Camp Aguinaldo Grandstand and Parade Ground.
GHQ Security Escort Battalion render honors for United States Secretary of Defense William Cohen at the Camp Aguinaldo Grandstand and Parade Ground.

Camp Aguinaldo was established on January 11, 1935 as Camp Murphy, including Zablan Field, which acted as an airstrip. It was named in honor of the first American High Commissioner to the Philippines Frank Murphy. It was renamed Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo in 1965, after the first president of the Philippines.[7][8] The Philippine Constabulary General Service Battalion was the first to use the camp in January 1935. In December of that year, the National Defense Act paved the way for the formation of the Philippine Army.[9] It also designated the Philippine Constabulary as the Army Constabulary Division,[10][9] which maintains its peacekeeping mission under the DND.

In June 1938, the Army Constabulary Division was separated from the Philippine Army and was reformed to become the National Police Force under the Department of Interior.[11]

After World War II, Camp Murphy was divided into two camps—Camp Crame and Camp Aguinaldo. The Zablan Field's former Japanese runways now forms the roads of White Plains Avenue and a portion of Katipunan Avenue, just in front of White Plains subdivisions.[12]

November 21, 2013, Civic Groups and Volunteers are being transferred to Camp Emilio Aguinaldo from Villamor Air Base in Pasay. It is done to give more storage spaces for those who are part of Oplan Salubong. All relief supports including food, medical and transportation services will be transferred to Camp Aguinaldo together with the DSWD in the benefit of Typhoon Yolanda survivors.[13][14][15][16]

In March 2019, the DOTr announced that the Katipunan station of the Metro Manila Subway is planned to be built underneath a portion of the camp's property, along the intersection of Katipunan Avenue and Col. Bonny Serrano Avenue, in order to boost property values in the area and generate investments for the government .[17]

Barangay

Camp Aguinaldo
Barangay
Camp Aguinaldo is located in Metro Manila
Camp Aguinaldo
Camp Aguinaldo
Coordinates: 14°36′22″N 121°03′54″E / 14.6061°N 121.0650°E / 14.6061; 121.0650
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
CityQuezon City
District3rd District
EstablishedJune 25, 1975[18]
Government
 • TypeBarangay
 • Barangay captainGregorio R. Tolentino[19]
Area
 • Total1.83 km2 (0.71 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[21]
 • Total3,269
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
Postal Code
1110[22]
Area code(s)2
PSGC137404019

The military installation is situated in its own administrative division as a barangay of Quezon City, known as Barangay Camp Aguinaldo. Prior to this, Camp Aguinaldo was part of Barangay Socorro until the namesake barangay was created through Executive Order No. 29 signed by Mayor Norberto S. Amoranto on June 25, 1975. At the time of creation, the barangay had 250 households and a voting population of 800 people.[20]

The land boundaries of Barangay Camp Aguinaldo are defined by Boni Serrano Avenue (formerly known as Santolan Road) to the north, EDSA to the west, White Plains Avenue to the south, and the eastern perimeter of the base to the east. [18] Some non-military establishments can be found near the northern boundary with Barangay Socorro along Boni Serrano Avenue, such as the Saint Ignatius de Loyola Parish Church and the Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo High School.

Its barangay hall can be located at the intersection of Road 3 and Gozar Street.[18]

See also

References

Citations
  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-26. Retrieved 2014-04-25.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-26. Retrieved 2014-04-25.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "The Developer". Ortigas Land Properties. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  4. ^ Gonzales, Iris. "Ortigas & Co. still keen to develop Camp Aguinaldo, Crame". Philstar.com. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  5. ^ "Ortigas & Co banks on realty projects for growth". Philstar.com. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  6. ^ Mendez, Christina. "Lawmakers caution government on sale of police, military camps". Philstar.com. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  7. ^ "Republic Act No. 4434". The LawPhil Project. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  8. ^ Yenne, Bill (19 Sep 2019). MacArthur's Air Force: American Airpower over the Pacific and the Far East, 1941–51. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4728-3322-8. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  9. ^ a b Army History: The Professional Bulletin of Army History. U.S. Army Center of Military History. 1989. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  10. ^ Chaffee, Frederic H.; Studies, American University (Washington, D. C. ) Foreign Area (1969). Area Handbook for the Philippines. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 369. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-10. Retrieved 2011-01-08.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Pacific Wrecks". Pacificwrecks.com. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-03.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Fire hits ISAFP building in Camp Aguinaldo". ABS-CBN News.
  15. ^ "The Manila Times". The Manila Times.
  16. ^ "Camp Aguinaldo Golf Course". Golfadvisor.com.
  17. ^ "6 subway stations to rise on gov't properties". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  18. ^ a b c "QC : Barangay Profiles". Quezon City Public Library. Archived from the original on 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
  19. ^ "Quezon City Barangay Officials". Quezon City Government. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
  20. ^ a b History of QC Barangays: Journey to Early Beginnings of Quezon City Barangays. Vol. 1. Quezon City: Quezon City Public Library. 2019.
  21. ^ "2020 Census of Population and Housing (2020 CPH) Population Counts Declared Official by the President". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 7, 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-07-07. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  22. ^ "Quezon City Postal Code Metro Manila". 2019-09-12. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
Bibliography

Coordinates: 14°36′49″N 121°03′54″E / 14.61365°N 121.06504°E / 14.61365; 121.06504