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District of Manila
Aerial view of Malate
Aerial view of Malate
Location of Malate
Coordinates: 14°33′51″N 120°59′29″E / 14.5641654°N 120.9913229°E / 14.5641654; 120.9913229
RegionNational Capital Region
Congressional districtsPart of the 5th district of Manila
 • Total2.5958 km2 (1.0022 sq mi)
 • Total99,257
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (Philippine Standard Time)
Zip codes
Area codes2

Malate is a district of Manila, Philippines. Together with the district of Ermita, it serves as Manila's center for commerce and tourism.


The name Malate is derived from a corruption of the Tagalog word maalat ("salty").[2] The name likely referred to the brackish waters, where the river estuary (in today's Malate Estero) meets the bay.

Antonio Morga writing in 1609: "Manila has two drives for recreation. One is by land, along the point called Nuestra Señora de Guia. It extends for about a legua along the shore and is very clean and level. Thence it passes through a native street and settlement, called Bagunbayan, to a chapel, much frequented by the devout, called Nuestra Señora de Guia, and continues for a goodly distance further to a monastery and mission-house of the Augustinians, called Mahalat."[3]

Rizal who republished Morga's account, later annotated: "Better, Maalat. The Spaniards pronounced this later Malate. There lived the chief Tagáls after they were deprived of their houses in Manila, among whom were the families of Raja Matanda and Raja Soliman. San Augustín says that even in his day many of the ancient nobility dwelt there, and that they were very urbane and cultured. "The Men hold various positions in Manila, and certain occupations in some of the local public functions. The women make excellent lace, in which they are so skilful that the Dutch women cannot surpass them." This is still true of the women."[3]


View of Malate Church in 1831

Malate was thought of as the place where the kings/high chiefs of Manila settled after losing their fort "Maynila" (now Intramuros) to the Spanish in 1571.[3] During most of the Spanish colonial period, Malate was an open space with a small fishing village. During the Spanish period, the center of activity was the Malate Church, dedicated to Our Lady of Remedies. It was bordered by Pasay to the south, San Andres Bukid to the east, shores of Manila Bay to the west, Paco to the northeast, Makati to the southeast, and Ermita to the north.

After the United States of America annexed the islands in 1898 as a consequence of the Spanish–American War, American urban planners envisioned the development of Malate as the newest and trendiest exclusive residential area for American families. American expatriates and some of the old Spanish mestizo families populated the district in modern high rise apartments and bungalows. In 1901, with the chartering of the city of Manila,[4] Malate would be absorbed by the city of Manila when its borders were extended outside Intramuros.

Despite extensive damage after the Second World War, many homes and buildings were still standing. The displaced wealthy families who evacuated their homes during the war returned and re-built their private villas and kept the whole district exclusively residential until the 1970s.

The once exclusive residential areas in western Malate began to transform into a commercial area with some large homes and residential apartments being converted into small hotels, specialty restaurants and cafes.

During the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, visual and performing artists found a haven in Malate and it became a bohemian enclave.[citation needed]

The Malate was plot setting for the episode 'Mata' of the 2010 horror film Cinco.

List of barangays

Zones Barangays
Zone 75 Barangays 688, 689, 690, 691, 692, 693, 694, and 695
Zone 76 Barangays 696, 697, 698, and 699
Zone 77 Barangays 700, 701, 702, 703, 704, 705, and 706
Zone 78 Barangays 707, 708, 709, 710, 711, 712, 713, 714, 715, 716, 717, 718, 719, 720, and 721
Zone 79 Barangays 722, 723, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 729, and 730
Zone 80 Barangays 731, 732, 733, 734, 735, 736, 737, 738, 739, 740, 741, 742, 743, and 744
Zone/Barangay Land area (km²) Population (2020 census)
Zone 75
Barangay 688 0.04690 km² 1,212
Barangay 689 0.02462 km² 733
Barangay 690 0.01288 km² 496
Barangay 691 0.01467 km² 409
Barangay 692 0.03993 km² 1,329
Barangay 693 0.02784 km² 511
Barangay 694 0.07146 km² 1,281
Barangay 695 0.04763 km² 654
Zone 76
Barangay 696 0.08344 km² 2,420
Barangay 697 0.08563 km² 1,967
Barangay 698 0.08458 km² 1,736
Barangay 699 0.1955 km² 3,193
Zone 77
Barangay 700 0.03950 km² 138
Barangay 701 0.1914 km² 2,695
Barangay 702 0.04345 km² 3,342
Barangay 703 0.05857 km² 114
Barangay 704 0.03584 km² 5,299
Barangay 705 0.02287 km² 2,683
Barangay 706 0.04013 km² 296
Zone 78
Barangay 707 0.004390 km² 1,052
Barangay 708 0.02016 km² 753
Barangay 709 0.04385 km² 4,154
Barangay 710 0.01038 km² 559
Barangay 711 0.008760 km² 1,294
Barangay 712 0.01313 km² 1,068
Barangay 713 0.005250 km² 1,964
Barangay 714 0.01546 km² 1,371
Barangay 715 0.005370 km² 180
Barangay 716 0.004890 km² 920
Barangay 717 0.002740 km² 479
Barangay 718 0.008380 km² 1,155
Barangay 719 0.4977 km² 6,690
Barangay 720 0.05317 km² 1,238
Barangay 721 0.1336 km² 577
Zone 79
Barangay 722 0.02605 km² 641
Barangay 723 0.02234 km² 540
Barangay 724 0.08319 km² 2,388
Barangay 725 0.05289 km² 1,409
Barangay 726 0.04322 km² 595
Barangay 727 0.05788 km² 1,790
Barangay 728 0.07134 km² 840
Barangay 729 0.03145 km² 871
Barangay 730 0.04507 km² 1,539
Zone 80
Barangay 731 0.03627 km² 2,916
Barangay 732 0.02318 km² 1,974
Barangay 733 0.04084 km² 4,303
Barangay 734 0.01504 km² 902
Barangay 735 0.02234 km² 2,063
Barangay 736 0.01458 km² 3,806
Barangay 737 0.01198 km² 2,209
Barangay 738 0.03285 km² 3,047
Barangay 739 0.02586 km² 4,530
Barangay 740 0.02993 km² 4,138
Barangay 741 0.01402 km² 1,207
Barangay 742 0.007560 km² 807
Barangay 743 0.03766 km² 1,607
Barangay 744 0.03347 km² 1,223


The district can be directly accessed by the main roads like the Roxas Boulevard, Quirino Avenue and Taft Avenue.

The Light Rail Transit LRT Line 1 (LRT-1) follows Taft Avenue and stops at two stations located in Malate, Vito Cruz and Quirino stations.


View of the Philippine Navy headquarters and the Manila Yacht Club

Government offices

Agencies like the Department of Finance (DOF), the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) and lending institution LandBank of the Philippines are headquartered in the district, whilst the National Naval Command Headquarters of the Philippine Navy is at the boundary limits of Manila and the city of Pasay along Roxas Boulevard. The Bureau of Plant Industry is also headquartered in the district.

The Apostolic Nunciature to the Philippines is located in the district along Taft Avenue near Quirino Avenue. This serves as the residence of the Pope during visits in the country.


The Rizal Memorial Stadium

In the 1990s, Malate and the nearby district of Ermita had been "cleaned-up" and big businesses and resort hotels have sprouted in the district.

Harrison Plaza, Manila's first enclosed modern mall, was located in the Malate district.

There is one public hospital, the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center, located at the corner of Roxas Boulevard and Quirino Avenue. It serves the 5th legislative district of Manila.


The district is also home to the Philippine's first sports stadium, the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex and the country's premiere zoological park, the Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden. Promenades and parks by the Manila Bay have been made more convenient and safe with the opening of the Manila Baywalk area and the renovated Plaza Rajah Sulayman. A portion of the Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex also lies within the district.

The district contains a red-light district.[5] A Koreatown could also be found in the district.[6][7][8]

Education and scholarly activity

See also: Division of City Schools – Manila and University Belt

St. La Salle Hall and Henry Sy Sr. Hall of De La Salle University

Education in Malate is mostly provided by private schools. Several educational institutions which are part of the University Belt are located in Malate, these are the De La Salle University, De La Salle – College of Saint Benilde, Philippine Christian University, Philippine Women's University, St. Paul University Manila and St. Scholastica's College Manila. Prominent secondary schools in Malate are the Jesus Reigns Christian Academy, Jose Abad Santos Memorial School and the Malate Catholic School. Doña Aurora Quezon Elementary School is the only public school in the district.

Notable residents




  1. ^ "2020 Census of Population and Housing Results" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 16, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2023.
  2. ^ Lesho, Marivic; Sippola, Eeva (2018). "Toponyms in Manila and Cavite, Philippines". Vergleichende Kolonialtoponomastik Strukturen und Funktionen kolonialer Ortsbenennung. De Gruyter. pp. 317–332. ISBN 9783110608618.
  3. ^ a b c Blair, Emma (1906). The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898 Vol. 15. Arthur H. Clark Company.
  4. ^ "An act to incorporate the City of Manila". Act No. 183 of July 31, 1901. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  5. ^ "Starter Guide To Manila Red Light District". A Farang Abroad. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  6. ^ Severo, Jan Milo (March 11, 2021). "'Korea Town' soon to rise in Malate, Manila". Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  7. ^ "What to expect from Manila Koreatown in Malate". ABS-CBN News. June 16, 2021. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  8. ^ "MANILA KOREATOWN OPENS IN MALATE". Manila: Philippine Daily Inquirer. June 27, 2021. Retrieved March 21, 2022.