Bagong Silang
Barangay 176
Bagong Silang Welcome Arch
Bagong Silang Welcome Arch
Bagong Silang is located in Metro Manila
Bagong Silang
Bagong Silang
Coordinates: 14°46′37.71″N 121°2′35″E / 14.7771417°N 121.04306°E / 14.7771417; 121.04306
RegionNational Capital Region
District1st District of Caloocan
EstablishedMay 20, 1971
 • TypeBarangay
 • Barangay CaptainJoel Bacolod
 • Total5.24 km2 (2.02 sq mi)
 • Total261,729
 • Density50,000/km2 (130,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
Postal Code
Area code02

Bagong Silang or Barangay 176 is a barangay of Caloocan, Metro Manila, Philippines. It is known for being the most populous barangay in the Philippines, with a population of 261,729 according to the 2020 census. It is also the northernmost barangay of Metro Manila located in the northern section of the city bordering the province of Bulacan.


The barangay occupies parts of land originally of Tala Estate, which is historically under the jurisdiction of the town of Novaliches before it was absorbed by Caloocan in 1903.[2][3][4] The 808-hectare (2,000-acre) estate was reserved and acquired by the government in 1938 primarily for a leprosarium, which turned out to be the Central Luzon Sanitarium (present-day Dr. Jose N. Rodriguez Memorial Hospital); however, only one-third of the land was used for such purpose.[5] Due to advancements in medical science that no longer requires the segregation of hansenites, the leprosarium needed lesser land area, paving the way for housing and urban development in the area.[6] The barangay was established during the term of President Ferdinand Marcos in 1971.[7] The name of the barangay corresponds to the English word newborn, meant to signify renewed hope for its residents who were resettled from their original slum areas in Tondo, Manila, Commonwealth in Quezon City, and San Juan.[8][9]

Proposed partitions

In February 1989, President Corazon Aquino approved Republic Act (RA) No. 6714, reducing the number of barangays in Caloocan from 188 to 60. As part of this plan, Barangay 176 (Bagong Silang) was slated to be divided into five smaller barangays.[10] A plebiscite was held on March 10;[11][12] with only 10% of the city's voters participating.[13][11] Majority of the participated voters reportedly opposed the proposal, thus the existing barangays continued as independent entities.[13]

In September 2013, the barangay was proposed to be divided into seven smaller barangays to alleviate perceived issues in its administration. It was reported that residents complained that due to the barangay's size, both in terms of land area and population, government services were spread thin.[8][9]

In November 2022, Caloocan 1st district representative Oscar Malapitan introduced a bill for the partition.[14] On April 3, 2024, President Bongbong Marcos signed Republic Act No. 11993, which divides the barangay into six smaller barangays designated with letters from A (176-A) to F (176-F). The proposal is subject to a plebiscite to be held 90 days from the effectivity of the law.[15][16]


The barangay is located in North Caloocan. The Marilao River flows along the northern and western borders of the barangay, separating it from Bulacan. Barangays 174, 175 and 178 lie south of Bagong Silang, while Barangays 187 and 188 lie on the east.

Bagong Silang is the largest barangay in the country in terms of population, being more populous than about two-thirds of the cities in the country. Due to the large population, addresses in the barangay are formatted as Phase, Package, Block and Lot.[8]


Barangay hall (Barangay 176)

Bagong Silang is also the largest barangay in terms of population with over 261,000 residents which accounts for about 16 percent of Caloocan's total population. Bagong Silang became the relocation site of people living in slum areas across Metro Manila since the 1970s greatly contributing to Bagong Silang's population.[8][9]


There are seven public elementary schools and three public high schools in Bagong Silang.


  1. Bagong Silang Elementary School – Phase 1, Bagong Silang, Caloocan
  2. Sto. Niño Elementary School – Phase 1, Bagong Silang, Caloocan
  3. Gabriela Silang Elementary School (former Bagong Silang Elementary School – Annex) – Phase 1, Bagong Silang, Caloocan
  4. Rene Cayetano Elementary School – Phase 8B, Bagong Silang, Caloocan
  5. Pag-asa Elementary School – Phase 7B Bagong Silang, Caloocan
  6. Silanganan Elementary School – Phase 3, Bagong Silang, Caloocan
  7. Star Elementary School – Phase 1, Bagong Silang, Caloocan
  8. Kalayaan Elementary School – Phase 10B, Bagong Silang, Caloocan

High School:

  1. Bagong Silang High School – Phase 3, Bagong Silang, Caloocan
  2. Benigno Aquino Jr. High School – Phase 2, Bagong Silang, Caloocan
  3. Kalayaan National High School – Phase 10B, Bagong Silang, High School[8][9]
  4. Tala High School – Phase 5, Bagong Silang, Caloocan



  1. ^ Census of Population (2020). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  2. ^ "Spanish Era". Roman Catholic Diocese of Novaliches. August 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2022.
  3. ^ PHIMCOS (August 2020). "Occupation and Victory The Philippines in World War II". The Murillo Bulletin Special World War II Issue. Retrieved August 2, 2022.
  4. ^ Act No. 942 (October 12, 1903), An Act Reducing the Thirty-Two Municipalities of the Province of Rizal to Fifteen, retrieved May 12, 2022
  5. ^ G.R. No. 148606 (June 30, 2008), CHARLES LIMBAUAN, petitioner, vs. FAUSTINO ACOSTA, respondent., retrieved August 2, 2022
  6. ^ G.R. No. 106593 (November 16, 1999), NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY, petitioners, vs. HONORABLE MAURO T. ALLARDE, Presiding Judge of the Regional Trial Court, Branch 123, Kalookan City and SPOUSES RUFINO AND JUANITA MATEO, respondents., retrieved August 2, 2022
  7. ^ Presidential Proclamation No. 843, s. 1971 (April 26, 1971), Reserving the Tala Estate for various government uses as well as for housing and urban development., retrieved August 2, 2022
  8. ^ a b c d e "Caloocan councilor pushes for the division of Barangay Bagong Silang". Philippine Information Agency. September 19, 2013. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d Melican, Nathaniel (September 16, 2014). "Largest barangay in PH can't live up to 'new hope' image; split pushed". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  10. ^ Republic Act No. 6714 (February 28, 1989), An Act Merging, Dividing, and/or Reviving the Different Barangays in Caloocan City and for Other Purposes, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, retrieved November 27, 2023
  11. ^ a b "Kalookan plebiscite today". Manila Standard. March 10, 1989. p. 9. Retrieved April 6, 2024 – via Google Books.
  12. ^ Presidential Proclamation No. 384 (March 9, 1989), Declaring March 10, 1989 as a special day in Caloocan City, retrieved April 6, 2024
  13. ^ a b Mahilum, E. (March 11, 2023). "Voter turnout low for KC plebiscite". Manila Standard. p. 9. Retrieved April 6, 2024 – via Google Books.
  14. ^ Dioquino, Aaron Homer (June 20, 2023). "Caloocan gov't plans to split Brgy. Bagong Silang into six separate villages". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved April 6, 2024.
  15. ^ Mangaluz, Jean (April 5, 2024). "Marcos signs law dividing Caloocan barangay into six". Retrieved April 5, 2024.
  16. ^ "Batas na maghahati sa anim na barangay sa Bagong Silang, Caloocan, nilagdaan na ni PBBM". RMN News (in Tagalog). April 5, 2024. Retrieved April 5, 2024.