District of Manila
Aerial view of Paco
Aerial view of Paco
Location of Paco
RegionNational Capital Region
Congressional districtsPart of the 5th and 6th districts of Manila
Foundedc. 1580
Founded bySpanish Franciscan missionaries
 • Total79,839

Paco, formerly known as Dilao, is a district of Manila, Philippines located south of the Pasig River, and San Miguel, west of Santa Ana, southwest of Pandacan, north of Malate, northwest of San Andres Bukid, and east of Ermita. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 79,839 people.[2]


Municipal Market, 1911
Municipal Market, 1911

Paco was known as Dilao because of the Amaryllis plants that were once plentiful in this district.[3] Dilao or dilaw is a Tagalog word for the color yellow. Although, some sources say,[4][5] it was named Dilao or "Yellow Plaza" by the Spanish settlers because of the Japanese migrants who lived there, describing their physiognomy. Spanish Franciscan missionaries founded the town of Paco as early as 1580.[3] It was a town part of the province of Tondo, which was later renamed Manila in 1859, until 1901.

The name Dilao was used until 1791. The name San Fernando was added, making it San Fernando de Dilao.[3] In the 19th century, the town of San Fernando de Dilao was given the nickname of Paco (which means Francisco). Paco, along with Sampaloc, Santa Ana, San Juan del Monte, and San Pedro de Macati became the second largest district to become part of Manila.[6] It came to be known as Paco de Dilao[7] and eventually Paco, as it is known today.

The Japanese had established an enclave quite early or Nihonmachi at Dilao, a suburb of Manila, where they numbered between 300 and 400 in 1593. A statue of Takayama can be found there. In 1603, during the Sangley rebellion, they numbered 1,500 and 3,000 in 1606. The Franciscan friar Luis Sotelo was involved in the support of the Dilao enclave between 1600 and 1608.

The Japanese led an abortive rebellion in Dilao against the Spanish in 1606-1607. Their numbers rose again during the interdiction of Christianity by Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1614, when 300 Japanese Christian refugees under Takayama Ukon settled in the Philippines. As population assimilated to native population, numbers dimmed. However there are today around 200,000 recorded Japanese people in the Philippines, based on modern day immigrants' records distinct from the population of colonial era immigrants which assimilated to the native population.

Paco was incorporated as a district of the newly chartered city of Manila in 1901, thus reducing from its independent municipality status.[8]

From 1907 to 1949, Paco was part of the 2nd congressional district of Manila. Reapportionment of districts made Paco part of the 4th district from 1949 to 1972. In the 1987 Constitution, Paco was split to the 5th and 6th congressional districts, with the former covering the southern half and the latter covering the northern areas.

List of Barangays

Zone and Barangay Administrative District Legislative Districts
Zone 71: Barangays 662 and 664-A Southern Paco 5th District
Zone 73: Barangays 671, 672, 673, 674, 675, and 676
Zone 74: Barangays 677, 678, 679, 680, 681, 682, 683, 684, and 685
Zone 75: Barangays 686 and 687
Zone 88: Barangays 809, 810, 811, 812, 813, 814, 815, 816, 817, 818, 819, and 820
Zone 89: Barangays 821, 822, 823, 824, 825, 826, 827, and 828
Zone 90: Barangays 829, 830, 831, and 832 Northern Paco 6th District


This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Plaza Dilao marker on the foreground, and Takayama's statue on the background.
Plaza Dilao marker on the foreground, and Takayama's statue on the background.
Facade of the Paco railway station.
Facade of the Paco railway station.

The San Fernando de Dilao Parish Church is a Catholic church that serves as the temporary seat of the Archdiocese of Manila until the renovations of the Manila Cathedral in Intramuros are finished

A Sikh Temple and Unilever Philippines is located on United Nations Avenue. Unilever was moved to Bonifacio Global City, Taguig. There is a ten-minute walk away is a Hindu temple at Looban Street. There are car dealers like Toyota, Ford, Hyundai, Nissan, and Honda. Presently, Dilao is traversed by Quirino Avenue. A loop road from Quirino Avenue is named Plaza Dilao to commemorate the once flourishing Japanese and the Japanese-Filipino communities and districts there in Japantown in Manila.

Paco Park, was a former municipal cemetery of the old city of Manila, and once contained the remains of Philippine national hero, José Rizal and the GOMBURZA priests.

The Osmeña Highway starts in this district and it leads to Calabarzon region via South Luzon Expressway that starts in Magallanes Interchange, Makati.

Philippine National Railways owns and operates the Paco railway station.

The Paco Public Market located along the edge of Estero de Paco was designed by William Parsons and built in 1911.

Schools include the Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepcion de la Concordia, or simple Concordia College, and the Paco Catholic School.

See also


  1. ^ Final Results - 2007 Census of Population Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b "2020 Census of Population and Housing Results" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 2, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c "Yahoo | Mail, Weather, Search, Politics, News, Finance, Sports & Videos". Archived from the original on October 21, 2009.
  4. ^ "Paco is a place in Manila on the Map of Philippines". Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2008.
  5. ^ "Manila Attractions". Archived from the original on February 24, 2008. Retrieved February 27, 2008.
  6. ^ "Beyond the Walls". Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  7. ^ ":: Malaya - The National Newspaper ::". Malaya. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on October 25, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  8. ^ Act No. 183 (July 31, 1901), An act to incorporate the City of Manila, retrieved August 2, 2022

Coordinates: 14°34′59″N 120°58′59″E / 14.583°N 120.983°E / 14.583; 120.983