José Fuerte Advíncula Jr.

Cardinal
Archbishop of Manila
Jose Advincula.jpg
The cardinal on December 21, 2021.
ChurchCatholic Church
ArchdioceseManila
SeeManila
AppointedMarch 25, 2021
InstalledJune 24, 2021
PredecessorLuis Antonio Cardinal Tagle
Other post(s)
Orders
OrdinationApril 4, 1976
ConsecrationSeptember 8, 2001
by Antonio Franco
Created cardinalNovember 28, 2020
by Pope Francis
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born
José Lázaro Fuerte Advíncula

(1952-03-30) March 30, 1952 (age 70)
ResidenceResidencia del Arzobispo
Intramuros, Manila 1002
Previous post(s)
Alma mater
MottoAudiam
(I will listen)
Signature
José Fuerte Advíncula Jr.
Coat of arms
José Fuerte Advíncula Jr.
Styles of
José Advíncula
Coat of arms of Jose Fuerte Advincula (Manila).svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeManila

José Lázaro Fuerte Advíncula, Jr. (born March 30, 1952) is a Filipino prelate of the Catholic Church and a professed member of the Dominican Order who became 33rd Archbishop of Manila on June 24, 2021. He became a cardinal in November 2020. He previously served as bishop of San Carlos from 2001 to 2011 and Archbishop of Cápiz from 2011 to 2021. On December 16, 2020, Pope Francis appointed Cardinal Advincula as a member of the Dicastery for Clergy.

Early life and studies

Advíncula was born on March 30, 1952, in Dumalag, Capiz to José Firmalino Advíncula and Carmen Falsis Fuerte.[1] He studied at Saint Pius X Seminary High School in Roxas City, and stayed on after graduating to study philosophy. He then attended theology courses at the University of Santo Tomas in Manila.

He later studied Master of Arts in Education major in Guidance and Counseling at the De La Salle University and then canon law at the University of Santo Tomás and at the Angelicum in Rome, where he earned a licentiate in canon law. During these studies he joined the Priestly Fraternity of St. Dominic.[2]

Priesthood

He was ordained a priest of the archdiocese of Cápiz on April 4, 1976.[3] He worked as spiritual director of the St. Pius X Seminary while also Professor and Dean of Studies.[citation needed]

After finishing his studies abroad, he returned to the Philippines and worked at the seminary of Nueva Segovia in Vigan City, Ilocos Sur, and in the regional seminary of Jaro. In 1995, he became rector of the St. Pius X Seminary of Cápiz; he also held positions in the administration of the archdiocese as defender of the bond, promoter of justice, and judicial vicar. In 1999, he became parish priest of Santo Tomás de Villanueva Parish in Dao, Capiz.[3]

Bishop of San Carlos

Pope John Paul II appointed him bishop of San Carlos on July 25, 2001,[4] and he received his episcopal consecration on September 8, 2001.[3]

Archbishop of Capiz

On November 9, 2011, Pope Benedict XVI named him archbishop of Cápiz.[5][6] Within the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines, he has been a member of the Commission for the Doctrine of the Faith and Commission for Indigenous Peoples.[3]

Elevation to the cardinalate

Pope Francis created him as a cardinal in a consistory on November 28, 2020, assigning him as a cardinal priest to San Vigilio in Via Paolo Di Dono.[7] He was not able to attend the consistory because of COVID-19 pandemic risks and restrictions.[8] On December 16, he was named a member of the Congregation for the Clergy.[9]

In lieu of the November 2020 consistory, Advincula received his 'red hat' (biretta) and ring from Charles John Brown, the Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines, on June 18, 2021, at the Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Roxas City.[10][11]

Tumandok killings

On January 15, 2021, all eight bishops in the ecclesiastical provinces of Capiz and Jaro (Cardinal Advincula of Capiz, Archbishop Jose Romeo Lazo of Jaro, Bishops Jose Corazon Tala-oc of Kalibo, Narciso Abellana of Romblon, Marvyn Maceda of San Jose de Antique, Patricio Buzon of Bacolod, Gerardo Alminaza of San Carlos, and Louie Galbines of Kabankalan) issued a joint pastoral letter[12] calling for an investigation to the December 30, 2021 joint military and police operation in the towns of Tapaz in Capiz and Calinog in Iloilo that killed nine leaders of the Tumandok indigenous people's group that opposes the Jalaur mega dam project. The families of the victims claimed that they are victims of red-tagging and that firearms and explosives were planted. The pastoral letter was read on January 24.[13]

However, the task force to end local communist armed conflict in Western Visayas region believe that the bishops have been misinformed and were prone to commit errors. The bishops were cautioned by the task force from making 'hasty, false and presumptuous conclusions' and criticized them for not issuing statements when government forces and civilians are killed in rebel attacks. The military and the police maintained that those who were killed and arrested were leaders of the Communist Party of the Philippines and New People's Army.[13]

Archbishop of Manila

On March 25, 2021, Pope Francis appointed him Archbishop of Manila, to succeed Luis Antonio Tagle, who vacated the post on February 9, 2020 after being appointed as prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.[14][15] He is the first archbishop of Manila to be already a cardinal when appointed to the see. Past archbishops (Rufino Santos, Jaime Sin, Gaudencio Rosales, and Luis Antonio Tagle) were made cardinals after their installation.[citation needed]

He was installed on June 24, 2021, by Archbishop Charles John Brown, Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines together with Cardinal Gaudencio Rosales and Cardinal Orlando Quevedo. He is the 33rd Archbishop of Manila, and the sixth native Filipino to hold the post, following centuries of Spanish, American, and Irish prelates.[citation needed]

The event coincided with the death of former President Benigno Aquino III which led him to offer prayers towards the end of the mass.[16] On the next day, he went to Aquino's wake and blessed his remains.[17]

He received the pallium as metropolitan archbishop of the ecclesiastical province of Manila from Pope Francis, through Archbishop Charles John Brown, the Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines, on December 8, 2021.

Advincula made his solemn profession as a professed member of the Order of Preachers on December 11, 2021. Making his solemn profession to the prior provincial of the order in the Philippines, Filemon dela Cruz, Advincula received the white religious habit of the order.[18]

On April 30, 2022, Advincula was named Cardinal-Priest of Parrocchia San Vigilio in Rome, Italy.[19]

On 13 July 2022, Pope Francis named him a member of the Dicastery for Bishops.[20]

Coat of Arms

On May 23, 2021, the Archdiocese of Manila - Office of Communications and the Manila Cathedral Facebook pages showed Advíncula's coat of arms as archbishop of Manila for the first time. It has the coat of arms of the Archdiocese of Manila combined with Advíncula's personal coat of arms, under an ecclesiastical hat with tassels knotted in a different way than his coat of arms as archbishop of Capiz.[21][22][non-primary source needed]

The coat of arms was released by the Chancery of the Archdiocese of Manila on June 6, 2021.[23]

Coat of arms of Jose Advincula
Coat of arms of Jose Fuerte Advincula (Manila).svg
Adopted
2021
Helm
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Cardinal's Galero
The shield is surmounted by an archbishop's galero or ecclesiastical hat of this rank with fifteen tassels for each side in Gules (red) that signifies the rank of a cardinal.
Escutcheon
From 2021:
Parted per fess: First: Gules (red), a three-windowed tower or (gold) masoned sable (black) and ajouré azure (blue), a crescent argent (silver), Second: Azure, a sea lion sejant (upright) argent armed (claws) and langued (tongue) gules with a cross fitchee (pointed base) or; Impaled with a shield tierced per fess: First: Azure, a lily argent and vert (green), a carpenter's square or and argent, Second: Or, a chain of nine links sable, Third: Azure, a star vert and argent, a horse rampant argent upon a mountain proper vert and argent, a crescent or
Motto
Audiam
"I will listen." The motto was taken from 1 Samuel 3:10, depicting the Lord calling Samuel for three times which on the third call Samuel responded "Speak Lord, your servant is listening." Then, the Lord uttered his revelation.[24]
Other elements
Archbishop's Cross
The shield is also surmounted by an archbishop's cross of the Order of Preachers. The Dominican tradition is significant in Advincula's education and formation.[24]
Symbolism
The lily is a symbol of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The carpenter's square is a symbol of Saint Joseph, who is his namesake in Spanish and his personal patron saint.
The chain of nine links represents his surname Advincula which is derived from the Latin phrase ad vincula or in chains. The gold background represents virtue, which the might of the Christian brings glory to God.
The mountain represents Mt. Panginraon in the town of Dumalag, Capiz, his birthplace and hometown. It is a mountain that shows strips of limestone formation and a raging horse which locals attribute to their town's titular patron, Saint Martin of Tours. The crescent symbolizes the Blessed Virgin Mary as the Immaculate Conception, the titular patroness of the Archdiocese of Capiz and St. Pius X Seminary in Roxas City, Capiz, where he finished his minor seminary formation and philosophical studies. The five-pointed star is a pre-eminent symbol for the virtue of faith and De La Salle University, Manila where he finished his master's degree in education.[24]
Previous versions
Coat of arms of Jose Fuerte Advincula.svg

as Cardinal and Archbishop of Capiz (November 2020-June 2021)
Coat of arms of Jose Advincula.svg

as Archbishop of Capiz (November 2011- November 2020)
Coat of arms of Jose Fuerte Advincula as Bishop of San Carlos.svg

as Bishop of San Carlos (July 2001 - November 2011)

See also

References

  1. ^ Rojas, Joy (November 28, 2020). "5 Things to Know About Cardinal-Elect Jose Advíncula Jr". My Pope Philippines. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  2. ^ "Angelicum Alumnus & Member of the Priestly Fraternity of St. Dominic named a Cardinal". Angelicum. October 26, 2020. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d "Annuncio di Concistoro il 28 novembre per la creazione di nuovi Cardinali, 25.10.2020" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. October 25, 2020. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  4. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 25.07.2001" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. July 25, 2001. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  5. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 09.11.2011" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. November 9, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  6. ^ "Pope names Advincula archbishop". Visayan Daily Star. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  7. ^ "Concistoro Ordinario Pubblico: Assegnazione dei Titoli, 28.11.2020". Holy See Press Office (in Italian). November 28, 2020. Archived from the original on November 28, 2020. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
  8. ^ Pradao, Jheng (May 16, 2021). "Cardinal Advincula to receive 'red hat' on May 28 in Roxas City". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila.
  9. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 16.12.2020" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. December 16, 2020. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  10. ^ "Cardinal Advincula's 'red hat' ceremony postponed to June 8". CBCP News. Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines. May 27, 2021. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  11. ^ Tenedero, Erik (June 18, 2021). "'Gift to church in Philippines': Manila's incoming archbishop receives cardinal's insignia". ABS-CBN News. ABS-CBN News. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  12. ^ Advincula, Jose; Lazo, Jose Romeo; Tala-oc, Jose Corazon; Abellana, Narciso; Maceda, Marvyn; Buzon, Patricio; Alminaza, Gerardo; Galbines, Louie (January 15, 2021). "Pastoral letter of Western Visayas bishops on the Tumandok killings". CBCP News. Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  13. ^ a b Burgos, Nestor Jr. (January 18, 2021). "8 bishops decry killing of tribe leaders in Capiz". Inquirer.Net. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  14. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 25.03.2021" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. Retrieved March 28, 2021.
  15. ^ Esmaquel II, Paterno R. (March 25, 2021). "Cardinal Advincula of Capiz named Manila archbishop". Rappler. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  16. ^ Tenedero, Erik (June 24, 2021). "Cardinal Advincula installed as Manila's 33rd archbishop". ABS-CBN News. ABS-CBN News. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  17. ^ Aquino, Leslie Ann (June 25, 2021). "Apostolic Nuncio, Advincula visit wake of former President Noynoy Aquino". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  18. ^ Fr. Arden Dacuma, OP. "CARDINAL ADVINCULA JOINS AS A PROFESSED MEMBER OF THE PRIESTLY FRATERNITIES OF ST. DOMINIC". Ordo Praedicatorum. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  19. ^ Lalu, Gabriel Pablico (April 29, 2022). "Manila Archbishop Advincula will be Cardinal-Priest of church in Rome". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  20. ^ "Rinunce e nomine, 13.07.2022" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. July 13, 2022. Retrieved July 13, 2022.
  21. ^ "Solemn Installation and Eucharistic Celebration of His Eminence Jose F. Cardinal Advincula. D.D. as the 33rd Archbishop of Manila". Facebook. Archdiocese of Manila-Office of Communications. May 23, 2021. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  22. ^ "Welcome to the Archdiocese of Manila Jose F. Cardinal Advincula. D.D., the 33rd Archbishop of Manila". Facebook. The Manila Cathedral. May 23, 2021. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  23. ^ Aquino, Leslie Ann (June 6, 2021). "Archdiocese of Manila releases coat of arms of Cardinal Advincula". Manila Bulletin. Manila Bulletin. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
  24. ^ a b c Domus Aurea Ecclesiastical Designs (November 2021). "A Catechetical Primer on the Cardinal's Enhanced Coat of Arms". Facebook. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Capiz. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
Catholic Church titles Preceded byNicolas M. Mondejar Bishop of San Carlos 25 July 2001 – 9 November 2011 Succeeded bySalvador Trane Modesto Preceded byOnesimo Cadiz Gordoncillo Archbishop of Capiz 9 November 2011 – 24 June 2021 Sede vacante New title Cardinal-Priest of San Vigilio 28 November 2020 – Incumbent Preceded byLuis Antonio Tagle Archbishop of Manila 24 June 2021 –