Diocese of Bacolod

Dioecesis Bacolodensis

Diyosesis sang Bacolod
Diyosesis ng Bacolod
Diócesis de Bacolod
Catholic
Coat of arms of the Diocese of Bacolod
Coat of arms
Location
Country Philippines
Territory3rd and 4th Congressional District of Negros Occidental, Lone Congressional District of Bacolod and Municipality of Hinigaran[1]
Ecclesiastical provinceJaro[2]
MetropolitanJaro
Coordinates10°40′N 122°57′E / 10.667°N 122.950°E / 10.667; 122.950
Statistics
Area2,019 km2 (780 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2021)
1,634,870
1,291,547[4] (79%)
Parishes70[2]
Schools32[3]
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
Sui iuris churchLatin Church
RiteRoman Rite
EstablishedJuly 15, 1932[5]
CathedralCathedral of St Sebastian
Co-cathedralSan Diego Pro-cathedral
Patron saintSebastian
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopPatricio Buzon
Metropolitan ArchbishopJose Romeo Lazo
Bishops emeritusVicente M. Navarra

The Diocese of Bacolod is a Latin Church ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Negros Occidental, Philippines. A suffragan of the Archdiocese of Jaro,[6] its jurisdiction covers most of the northwestern towns and cities of the province of Negros Occidental namely, as far as Victorias City in the north and the Municipality of Hinigaran in the south.[7]

The seat of the diocese is the San Sebastian Cathedral in Bacolod (one of 12 cathedrals founded by the Order of Augustinian Recollects in the Philippines) with the San Diego Pro-cathedral in Silay as the diocese's pro-cathedral.[8] The current bishop is Patricio Abella Buzon, SDB, appointed on May 24, 2016, and installed on August 9, 2016.

A map of the dioceses in Negros and Cebu.

History

The Diocese of Bacolod was created by Pope Pius XI on July 15, 1932, through the apostolic constitution Ad Christi regnum, separating it from the territories of the Diocese of Cebu (Siquijor Island) and the Diocese of Jaro (Negros Island).[9] The diocese was created in response to the growing population of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente, a majority of which are located in the island of Negros.[10] Guglielmo Piani, Papal Legate to the Philippines, issued the decree of execution on May 4, 1933, and the decree of erection on May 16. Bishop James Paul McCloskey of Jaro was appointed Apostolic Administrator while the diocese waits for its bishop.[11]

Rev. Fr. Casimiro Lladoc of the Diocese of Nueva Caceres was appointed bishop of the diocese on June 23, 1933. He arrived in Bacolod on October 24 of the same year after his episcopal consecration on September 16.[12][13][14] He invited more religious congregations to the diocese, established Catholic schools, led the construction and renovation of churches, including the remodelling of the San Sebastian Cathedral in 1936, and strengthened lay Catholic formation through a massive catechism drive. During his tenure, the Sacred Heart Seminary in Bacolod was established on June 15, 1946. Due to his efforts, the population of the Aglipayan church in Negros was reduced significantly.[15]

Lladoc died on September 22, 1951. Bishop Manuel Yap of the Diocese of Capiz was appointed as his successor on March 16, 1952. The bishop strengthened the diocesan seminary and the catechetical institution initiated by his predecessor. He also supported the establishment of the lay movement Barangay Sang Virgen on October 16, 1955, which now has spread nationwide, and the Chinese Catholic Association with the help of Fr. John Liu. On April 5, 1955, the Diocese of Bacolod lost territory when the Diocese of Dumaguete (which covers the entire province of Negros Oriental) was erected. The San Sebastian Cathedral was renovated and consecrated in the presence of the Papal Nuncio Salvatore Siino on March 6, 1960. He also addressed internal issues in the diocese by convoking a Diocesan Synod on March 14–18, 1960.[10]

Mons. Antonio Fortich, vicar general of the diocese, succeeded Yap after his death on October 16, 1966. In his tenure, he allowed the reforms of the Second Vatican Council in his diocese, which was limited by his conservative predecessor. This includes the new form of the Mass translated in Hiligaynon.[10] Living up to the mandate of Pope Paul VI to him to “do something for the poor of Negros”, he convoked a Pastoral Congress in 1968, and with unanimous support from the clergy, he spoke out against the social and political abuses and injustices happening during this time in Negros in a pastoral letter.[16] He tirelessly reached out to the poor and the oppressed and tried to breach the gap of social division. He established the Social Action Center which up to this day tends to the needs of the poor and the needy, and adopted the Kristianong Katilingban (Basic Christian Communities) in the diocese. His efforts were supported by Pope John Paul II when he visited Bacolod on February 21, 1981. However, he was met with resistance, especially from the rich of Negros, when under mysterious circumstances the Bishop's House was burned in January 1985.[16] The diocese further lost territory in parts of Negros Occidental province on March 30, 1987, when the Diocese of Kabankalan[17] and the Diocese of San Carlos[18] were erected. Fortich retired on January 31, 1989, after reaching the age of 75.

Bishop Camilo Gregorio, auxiliary bishop of Cebu, was appointed to the Diocese of Bacolod on May 20, 1989. He attempted to continue the social pastoral program of his predecessor, however his focus was on bringing orthodoxy and spiritual renewal to the diocese. He convoked a Pastoral Congress in 1993 to meet this focus and to implement the acts and decrees of the Second Plenary Council of the Philippines. The Pope John Paul Institute of Marriage and the Family was established in the diocese during his term. He also initiated the island-wide caravans for the protection of life and for the promotion of a peaceful election, and declared the San Diego Parish Church as a pro-cathedral.[8] Bishop Gregorio was met with opposition from priests who were used to the pastoral program of Bishop Fortich. Divisions in the clergy grew due to the clash of opinions which affected the faithful of the diocese. Due to this, Bishop Gregorio resigned on August 28, 2000. He was later appointed as Prelate of Batanes in 2003.[19]

Bishop Vicente Navarra of Kabankalan was assigned as Apostolic Administrator after the latter's resignation, and subsequently as bishop of the diocese on May 24, 2001. The diocese hosted the National Youth Day in 2004 during his term. After examining the problems of the diocese, he convoked the Second Diocesan Synod on January 20, 2002, and promulgated its decrees on January 20, 2005, covering a wide range of subjects that intended to transform the diocese and the faithful, including the formalization of the Basic Ecclesiastical Communities. He led the diocese in celebrating its Diamond Jubilee in 2007 and established ADSUM, the official publication of the diocese in 2008. He was also vocal in defense of the environment and human life, especially during the passage of the Reproductive Health Bill in legislation.[20] Prior to the 2013 elections to the Philippines Senate posters were put up at parish churches that identified the senators who voted for and against passage of the bill as Team Patay (or death) and Team Buhay (or life), respectively, in reference to Team PNoy, the senatorial slate of Philippine President Noynoy Aquino. The Commission on Elections (COMELEC) attempted to have these posters removed, or at the least reduced in size.[21][22] The Philippine Supreme Court issued a temporary restraining order stopping COMELEC from forcing the removal of the posters.[23]

Navarra retired when Bishop Patricio Buzon of Kabankalan was appointed as his successor on May 24, 2016. During his tenure, he convoked the Second Diocesan Pastoral Assembly on October 10–13, 2017 in which the Diocese formulated its Vision-Mission Statements: the diocese being a “listening Church journeying together towards holiness”.

"Protect life" posters prominently displayed at the San Sebastian Cathedral

Coat of arms

The shield is divided fesswise into two fields. In chief or (gold) are two arrows in saltire debruised by an upright Latin cross argent (silver), the symbols of St. Sebastian, martyr, titular of both the diocese and the cathedral of Bacolod. On a field of azure (blue) at base, the cathedral of Bacolod on a knoll vert (green) and a sugarcane stalk with vegetation to depict the major industry of Negros Occidental. The hill where the cathedral stands is called bakólod in Hiligaynon, in which the name of the city of Bacolod is derived.[24][25]

Bishops

Bishop Period in Office Coat of Arms
From Until Duration
Sede Vacante - Apostolic Administrator Most Rev. James Paul McCloskey, D.D. † (Bishop of Jaro) May 19, 1933 June 23, 1933
1. Casimiro Magbanua Lladoc June 23, 1933

(Appointment)

September 22, 1951

(Death)

(18 years, 91 days)
Sede Vacante - Diocesan Administrator Msgr. Flaviano Ariola † (Vicar General) September 22, 1951 March 5, 1952
2. Manuel Porcia Yap † March 5, 1952

(Appointment; former Bishop of Capiz)

October 16, 1966

(Death)

(14 years, 225 days)
Sede Vacante - Diocesan Administrator Msgr. Antonio Fortich † (Vicar General) October 16, 1966 January 13, 1967
3. Antonio Yapsutco Fortich January 13, 1967

(Appointment)

January 31, 1989
(Retirement)
(22 years, 18 days)
Sede Vacante - Diocesan Administrator Msgr. Victorino Rivas † (Vicar General) January 31, 1989 May 20, 1989
4. Camilo Diaz Gregorio May 20, 1989

(Appointment; former Auxiliary Bishop of Cebu)

August 28, 2000
(Resignation)
(11 years, 100 days)
Sede Vacante - Apostolic Administrator Most Rev. Vicente Navarra, D.D. (Bishop of Kabankalan) August 28, 2000 May 24, 2001
5. Vicente Macanan Navarra May 24, 2001

(Appointment; former Bishop of Kabankalan)

May 24, 2016
(Retirement)
(15 years, 0 days)
6. Patricio Abella Buzon May 24, 2016

(Appointment; former Bishop of Kabankalan)

Incumbent (7 years, 360 days)

Affiliated Bishops

See also

References

  1. ^ UCANEWS PAIRSERVER. "Bacolod Parishes". Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Catholic Hierarchy. "Diocese of Bacolod". Retrieved July 4, 2013.
  3. ^ Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines. "Diocese of Bacolod". Retrieved July 4, 2013.
  4. ^ "Bacolod (Catholic Diocese)". gcatholic.org. Retrieved September 16, 2023.
  5. ^ GCatholic. "Diocese of Bacolod, Philippines". Retrieved July 4, 2013.
  6. ^ Catholic Hierarchy. "Archdiocese of Jaro". Retrieved July 4, 2013.
  7. ^ "About". dioceseofbacolod.org. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Bacolod church declared procathedral". Manila Standard. January 1, 1995. p. 15. Retrieved July 11, 2013.
  9. ^ Pope Pius XI, Apostolic Constitution creating the Diocese of Bacolod Ad Christi regnum (April 5, 1955), Acta Apostolicae Sedis 25 (1933), 357-360. De Jarensis et Nominis Iesu seu Cæbuanæ dioecesium in Philippinis Insulis dismembratione et novæ dioecesis «de Bacolod» erectione.
  10. ^ a b c Sa-onoy, Modesto (2007). Church on a Hill: History of Diocese of Bacolod.
  11. ^ "La ereccion de la nueva Diocesis de Bacolod". Boletin Eclesiastico de Filipinas. XI (122 (August 1933)): 562 – via UST Miguel de Benavides Library and Archives Digital Collections.
  12. ^ "Consagracion del Exclmo. Mons. Lladoc". Boletin Eclesiastico de Filipinas. XI (123 (September–October 1933)): 630 – via UST Miguel de Benavides Library and Archives Digital Collections.
  13. ^ "Toma de Posesión de Mons. Lladoc". Boletin Eclesiastico de Filipinas. XI (124 (November 1933)): 700–701 – via UST Miguel de Benavides Library and Archives Digital Collections.
  14. ^ "Exequias del primer obispo de Bacolod". Boletin Eclesiastico de Filipinas. XXV (281 (November 1951)): 707–715 – via UST Miguel de Benavides Library and Archives Digital Collections.
  15. ^ "Diocese of Bacolod". www.dioceseofbacolod.org. Retrieved July 14, 2022.
  16. ^ a b Carla, Gomez. "A Man of Peace". Archived from the original on October 28, 2005.
  17. ^ Pope John Paul II, Apostolic Constitution creating the Diocese of San Carlos Resonant Usquequaque (March 30, 1987), Acta Apostolicae Sedis 79 (1987), 1042-1043.
  18. ^ Pope John Paul II, Apostolic Constitution creating the Diocese of San Carlos Certiores Quidem (March 30, 1987), Acta Apostolicae Sedis 79 (1987), 1040-1041.
  19. ^ Rufo, Aries (2013). Altar of Secrets: Sex, Politics, and Money in the Philippine Catholic Church. Journalism for Nation Building Foundation.
  20. ^ "Bacolod diocese sets anti-RH rally on April 27". GMA News Online. April 25, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  21. ^ Gomez, Carla P. (February 24, 2013). "Diocese ordered to remove "Team Patay" list". Inquirer News. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  22. ^ Dangcalan, Danny B. (February 27, 2013). "On team buhay/Team patay: Bacolod diocese to follow Comelec order resizing tarp". The Philippine Star. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  23. ^ Avendaño, Christine O., Jocelyn R. Uy, Philip Tubeza (March 6, 2013). "Church wins tarp war; more dioceses to post 'patay' list". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 11, 2014.((cite news)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ "The Bishop". dioceseofbacolod.org. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  25. ^ Madriaga, Mariano (1958). "The Coats-of-Arms of the Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions in the Philippines". Philippine Studies. 6 (2): 165–173. ISSN 0031-7837. JSTOR 42719371.