Military Ordinariate of the Philippines
Ordinariatus Militaris Philippinensis
Ordinaryato Militar ng Pilipinas
|Territory||Extraterritorial to serve the:|
|Ecclesiastical province||Directly subject to the Holy See|
|Headquarters||AFP Ecumenical Building|
Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo, Quezon City 1110
|Coordinates||14°36′42″N 121°03′31″E / 14.6116478°N 121.0585394°E|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||December 8, 1950|
|Cathedral||Saint Ignatius Military Cathedral|
|Co-cathedral||Saint Joseph Pro-Cathedral (PNP)|
Shrine of Saint Therese of the Child Jesus (diocesan)
|Patron saint||Immaculate Conception|
Ignatius of Loyola
John of Capistrano
|Language||Filipino, Native Philippine regional languages, and English|
|Ordinary||Oscar Jaime L. Florencio|
|Vicar General||Msgr. Albert C. Songco|
|Bishops emeritus||Ramón C. Arguelles|
|All current statistics are based from updated data taken by Catholic-Hierarchy.org.|
The Military Ordinariate of the Philippines is a Latin Church ecclesiastical jurisdiction or military ordinariate of the Catholic Church in the Philippines serving the Armed Forces of the Philippines, the Philippine National Police, and the Philippine Coast Guard.
It has jurisdiction over all military, police, and coast guard personnel, their dependents, and civilian human resources of all branches of the armed forces. Its titular patron is the Immaculate Conception, with Ignatius of Loyola and John of Capistrano as secondary patrons.
The Military Ordinariate of the Philippines was initially erected as a military vicariate on December 8, 1950, as per decree by Pope Pius XII via the consistoriat decree Ad consulendum. It was accepted by the Philippine government in a diplomatic agreement, which took effect through the exchange of Notes Verbal in 1952 between then-Foreign Secretary Jaime Elizalde and then-Apostolic Nuncio Egidio Vagnozzi. Rufino J. Santos, then the Auxiliary Bishop of Manila, took possession of the vicariate and became the first military vicar in Philippine history.
On April 12, 1986, Pope John Paul II promulgated the apostolic constitution Spirituale militum curæ, which took effect on July 21, 1986. This papal document was unique, as it began a new structure for all military vicariates all over the world, elevating these to the level of ordinariates, thus giving them the same status as territorial dioceses.
The ordinariate has its own curia and it exercises its pastoral ministry through chaplains assigned to the different branches of services of Filipino uniformed men and women, including the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and the Bureau of Fire Protection. The exact number of faithful under said jurisdiction is classified information, but it is approximately 90% of personnel serving the military and police. The mostly-diocesan clergy of the ordinariate carry officers' ranks and are assigned to different command posts nationwide, regardless of service branch.
The jurisdiction of the Military Ordinariate is described by the following:
Though not bound to any particular geographical area, the military ordinariate has several buildings under its jurisdiction, almost all of which are within military or police instalments. The ordinariate's principal church is the Saint Ignatius Military Cathedral in Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo in Quezon City, while its pro-cathedral for the Police is the Saint Joseph Pro-Cathedral in Camp Rafael Crame (across Camp Aguinaldo on the other side of EDSA).
The ordinariate also runs the Shrine of Saint Therese of the Child Jesus, located near Villamor Air Base in Pasay.
Priests who wish join the Chaplain Services of the Armed Forces, the National Police, and the Coast Guard are required to fulfil the standard requirements of both the service branch they are entering and the church. The endorsement of the military ordinary is amongst the most important of the ecclesiastical requirements; the ordinary submits the names of applicants for a "call to active duty" (CAD). He gives to chaplains and civilian priests working for the services the canonical faculties to exercise their spiritual ministry among subjects of the military ordinariate.
Chaplains in active duty are given the initial rank of Captain or its equivalent in other branches of the services. They enjoy the prerogatives and privileges of the rest of the officers belonging to the same grade or rank in the service.
Chaplains in active service who are not incardinated into the military ordinariate may be subject to recall by the bishop of their respective diocese of origin, even without cause. On the other hand, the ordinary may also withdraw his endorsement for cause. The chaplain whose endorsement has thus been withdrawn is to report to their diocesan bishop or religious Superior as soon as possible. Chaplains whose tour of active service is terminated are to return to their respective dioceses or religious orders, or as otherwise advised or directed by their original bishop or Superior.
See also: Military chaplain § Non-combatant status
The military ordinary must be a Filipino-born member of the nation's Catholic Church hierarchy, and is appointed by the Holy See after consultation with government. The pope freely nominates the military ordinary– normally a bishop– or institutes or confirms the candidate legitimately chosen according to the canon law. He belongs by right to the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines and is subject to the Congregation for Bishops.
|Ordinary||Period in Office||Coat of Arms|
|1.||Rufino J. Cardinal Santos†
|21 December 1950 – 3 September 1973
(23 years, 226 days)
|2.||Mariano G. Gaviola†
|2 March 1974 – 13 April 1981
(7 years, 42 days)
|3.||Pedro G. Magugat, M.S.C.†
|9 December 1981 – 22 April 1985
(3 years, 134 days)
|4.||Severino M. Pelayo†
|19 December 1985 – 26 February 1995
(9 years, 69 days)
|5.||Ramón C. Arguelles
|25 August 1995 – 14 May 2004
(8 years, 263 days)
|6.||Leopoldo S. Tumulak†
|15 January 2005 – 17 June 2017
(12 years, 153 days)
|7.||Oscar Jaime L. Florencio
|2 March 2019 – present
(4 years, 21 days)