|Former province of the Philippines|
Location of the historical province of Manila in 1899
|683 km2 (264 sq mi)|
|Historical era||Spanish colonial period|
• Became the capital of colonial Philippines
• Occupied by Great Britain
• Sovereignty transferred to the United States
|Today part of||Philippines|
Manila, also known as Tondo until 1859, was a province of the Philippines that encompassed the former pre-Hispanic polities of Tondo, Maynila, and Namayan. In 1898, it included the City of Manila (which mainly refers to the present-day Intramuros) and 23 other municipalities. Alongside the District of Morong, it was incorporated into the Province of Rizal in 1901.
The province was last composed of the City of Manila and 23 other municipalities. The districts of Binondo, Dilao, Ermita, Malate, Pandacan, Quiapo, Sampaloc, San Miguel, Santa Ana, Santa Cruz, and Tondo are often referred to as "pueblos", "arrabales" ("suburbs") or "neighbourhoods" of Manila. The name Manila originally referred to the "city within the walls" (now Intramuros), but its meaning eventually came to include the suburbs surrounding it, leading to confusion about which places constitute "Manila" in the late 19th century. From the 1860s onward, the area was often referred to as Ciudad de Manila y sus arrabales ("The City of Manila and its suburbs") or as Manila y los pueblos de extramuros ("Manila and the communities outside the walls"). The present-day City of Manila includes all these areas.
The municipalities of Antipolo, Boso-Boso, Cainta and Taytay were also part of the province, then known as Tondo, until 1853 when it was annexed to Distrito Politico-Militar de los Montes de San Mateo (later known as Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong).
The table below presents information from the cited source.
|Caloocan||9,843||situated 7 miles (11 km) from Manila. There are highroads to Manila, Novaliches, Mariquina, and Sampaloc.|
|Dilao (Paco)[A 2][A 3]||4,625||situated 3 miles (4.8 km) from Manila.|
|Ermita[A 2]||4,726||situated 1+1⁄4 miles (2.0 km) from Manila.|
|Las Piñas||4,000||situated 8 miles (13 km) from Manila.|
|Malate[A 2]||2,319||situated 1+2⁄3 miles (2.7 km) from Manila.|
|Malibay[A 4]||2,890||situated 4 miles (6.4 km) from Manila.|
|Mariquina[A 5]||10,313||situated 7 miles (11 km) from Manila. It communicates with Caloocan by a highroad.|
|Montalban[A 6]||3,055||situated 16 miles (26 km) from Manila.|
|Muntinlupa||5,068||situated 21 miles (34 km) from Manila.|
|Navotas[A 7]||9,154||situated 6+1⁄4 miles (10.1 km) from Manila.|
|Novaliches[A 8]||1,871||situated 10 miles (16 km) from Manila. It communicates with Caloocan and Manila by highroads.|
|Pandacan[A 2]||2,446||situated 2 miles (3.2 km) from Manila.|
|Parañaque||9,863||situated at a distance of 6+1⁄8 miles (9.9 km) from Manila.|
|Pasig||22,000||situated 7 miles (11 km) from Manila.|
|Pateros||2,842||situated 3 miles (4.8 km) from Manila.|
|Pineda (Pasay)[A 9]||9,825||situated 3+1⁄8 miles (5.0 km) from Manila.|
|San Felipe Neri (Mandaluyong)[A 10]||5,465|
|San Juan del Monte[A 11]||2,011|
|San Mateo[A 12]||6,700||situated 17 miles (27 km) from Manila.|
|San Pedro Macati (Makati)[A 13]||3,921||situated about 3 miles (4.8 km) from Manila.|
|Santa Ana[A 2]||2,194||situated about 3 miles (4.8 km) from Manila.|
|Tagig (Taguig)||9,662||situated 4 miles (6.4 km) from Manila.|
|Tambobong (Malabon)[A 14]||25,000||situated 3 miles (4.8 km) from Manila.|
Shown below are the locations of the municipalities of the province of Manila, as of 1899. Except for Montalban and San Mateo that are in the present-day province of Rizal, all these areas are included in the present-day cities of Metro Manila.