Philam
Philam Homes
Gate of Philam Homes along EDSA
Gate of Philam Homes along EDSA
Philam is located in Metro Manila
Philam
Philam
Location of Barangay Philam within Metro Manila
Coordinates: 14°38′57″N 121°01′53″E / 14.6492°N 121.0314°E / 14.6492; 121.0314Coordinates: 14°38′57″N 121°01′53″E / 14.6492°N 121.0314°E / 14.6492; 121.0314
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
CityQuezon City
District1st District of Quezon City
Established1955[1]
Conversion to a barangayJune 25, 1975[1]
Government
 • TypeBarangay
 • Barangay CaptainSimplicio Hermogenes
Area
 • Total44.68 ha (110.41 acres)
Population
 (2020)[3]
 • Total2,524
 • Density5,600/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
Postal Code
1104[4]
Area code(s)2
WebsiteFacebook

Philam, also known as Philam Homes, Philamlife Homes or Phil-Am, is an administrative division in eastern Metro Manila, the Philippines. It is an urban barangay located in the first legislative district of Quezon City, consisting entirely of the Philam private subdivision and gated community.[5]

It is bounded by EDSA to the northeast, West Avenue on the northwest, and the Anaran Creek to the south. It shares a boundary with barangays Bagong Pag-Asa to the northeast, Bungad to the northwest, Paltok to the southwest, and West Triangle to the south.[1]

History

On July 17, 1948, president Elpidio Quirino signed Republic Act No. 333, designating Quezon City as the new capital of the Philippines.[6][7] The following year, the 1949 Master Plan for Quezon City was published to serve as the foremost guideline in transforming the city as a “a real Filipino metropolis” and a “showplace of the nation.”[8][9] Although aspects of the 1949 Master Plan were not fully implemented, a portion of the West Triangle area of the Diliman Quadrangle was purchased as a residential zone.[6] The entire Diliman Quadrangle was initially zoned as an area exclusively for park facilities and recreational activities. This triangular-shaped residential zone was purchased by the Philippine American Life Insurance Company (Philam Life; now AIA Philippines).[10]

Philam Homes

The purchase of this residential zone involved a 40 hectares (99 acres) cogon‐covered tract of land, bounded by West Avenues and Highway 54 (now known as EDSA). Then headed by an American philanthropist named Earl Carroll, the Philippine Life developed the area into a gated residential subdivision meant to cater for "moderate‐income executives and their families". The area was patterned after American suburbia in terms of architecture and urban design. The first phase of development and launching of this residential project was set on May 15, 1955. This residential enclave was to be called, “Philam Homes.”[11] Although the initial lots were offered to Philam Life employees, non-employees were later offered to purchase lots within community.

The urban development and master plan of Philam Homes was designed by the Harvard educated architect Angel Nakpil.[12]  The various house models were designed by renowned Filipino architect Carlos Arguelles.[13]

The residential master plan for Philam Homes offered an initial 605 residential lots with areas between 400 and 500 m2 (4,300 and 5,400 sq ft). At the center of the residential area was a 6,000 m2 (65,000 sq ft) amenities center, which includes a football field, a basketball court, a tennis ball court, a swimming pool, and a clubhouse for residents. A large park, named Earl Carroll Park, is the main amenity of the community. A community chapel was also built in this center, which was later instated as a parish church on June 2, 1957. This parish is now known as the Santa Rita de Cascia Parish Church.[11]

A bust of Earl Carroll as a memorial in the civic park named after him
A bust of Earl Carroll as a memorial in the civic park named after him

The center also had its own grocery in 1955, known as Jopson's Supermarket.[12] This grocery was owned by the family of renown labor rights activist and former resident, Edgar Jopson. Later on, Jopson's Supermarket in Philam was to be sold off in 1958 and renamed as Nati's Nook.[14] A branch of Puregold Minimart now stands on the location where Jopson's Supermarket used to stand.

Barangay established

By 1976, Philam Homes was converted as a barangay, a small administrative division. Philam Homes as a barangay was designated as "Barangay Philam" with then-mayor Norberto Amoranto appointing Phil-Am Homeowners Association (PHAI) president Arsenio D. Narcisso as Philam's first barangay captain. A barangay hall with a space allocated for a fire truck and emergency equipment was erected within the subdivision grounds and were funded privately by association dues.[11][1]

Government

Earl Carroll Civic Park as seen from a wide road in Philam Homes
Earl Carroll Civic Park as seen from a wide road in Philam Homes

As a barangay, Philam is governed by an elected barangay captain. Since 2019, the elected barangay captain of Philam Homes is Simplicio Hermogenes. Alongside the barangay government, the Philam Homeowners Association help in the security and maintenance of the community and all of its amenities. Being a gated community, entry into the barangay and other surveillance features is maintained by private security personnel managed by the Philam Homeowners Association. The barangay government and the homeowners association are based in the Clubhouse Complex along Baguio Road, Philam Homes, Quezon City.[15]

Demographics

Barangay Philam is the 121st most-populated barangay in Quezon City, with a population of 2,524 people according to the 2020 census, [3] down from a population of 2,673 people in the 2015 census.[16]

Issues

A concern for many residents of the barangay is the growing gentrification and deteriorating traffic situation surrounding Philam. The worsening pollution and road congestion is affecting quality of life of the barangay. Mostly affected are elderly residents who have lived in Philam since its establishment in 1955.[17]

Massive gentrification, pollution and traffic are some of the issues that are affecting the Philam community
Massive gentrification, pollution and traffic are some of the issues that are affecting the Philam community

Another concern for many residents in 2019 was the pruning done to the trees in Earl Carroll Civic Park. Many residents expressed concern on the number of trees pruned in the park. The barangay government stated that the pruning was necessary as a “precaution [against] potential damage to [property]” in the area. Many of the trees remain standing and healthy.[18][19]

References

  1. ^ a b c d History of QC Barangays: Journey to Early Beginnings of Quezon City Barangays. Vol. 1. Quezon City: Quezon City Public Library. 2019.
  2. ^ "QC : Barangay Profiles". Quezon City Public Library. Archived from the original on 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2021-11-28.
  3. ^ a b "2020 Census of Population and Housing (2020 CPH) Population Counts Declared Official by the President". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 7, 2021. Retrieved November 28, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "Quezon City Postal Code Metro Manila". 2019-09-12. Retrieved 2021-11-28.
  5. ^ Alcazaren, Paulo. "25 things you didn't know about quezon city". philstar.com. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  6. ^ a b Bueza, Michael (12 October 2014). "What Quezon City could have looked like". Rappler. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  7. ^ Carunungan, Celso Al (1982). Quezon City: a saga of progress. Quezon City, Philippines: Cultural and Tourism Affairs Office, Office of the Mayor. OCLC 49591436.
  8. ^ "'Kyusi' culture: Beyond the melting pot". Inquirer Lifestyle. 2015-03-14. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  9. ^ Duldulao, Manuel D (1995). Quezon City. Manila: Japunzinni. OCLC 221911272.
  10. ^ Ignacio, Jamaico (2016). Quezon City: the rise of a capital city of the Philippines, 1939-1976 (Thesis). OCLC 1060180071.
  11. ^ a b c Lorenzo, Clarissa Mozo; Ito, Yasuyuki; Kaku, Satoru; Mukaiguchi, Takeshi; Ono, Akihiko (31 October 2019). "Historical study on the development of gated communities and its correlation with the barangay in the Philippines formed with European and American influences: Focused accounts of these community concepts from 16th century early settlements to 20th century postwar development". Japan Architectural Review. 3 (1): 44–61. doi:10.1002/2475-8876.12130. ISSN 2475-8876.
  12. ^ a b Alcazaren, Paulo. "The suburbs of Quezon City". philstar.com. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  13. ^ Alcazaren, Paulo. "Requiem for a master architect". philstar.com. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  14. ^ Pimentel, Benjamin, 1964- (2006). U.G. an underground tale : the journey of Edgar Jopson and the first quarter storm generation. Pasig: Anvil Publishing, Inc. ISBN 971-27-1590-6. OCLC 81146038.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ "Barangay Officials". quezoncity.gov.ph. Archived from the original on 2020-03-14. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  16. ^ "Population of the National Capital Region (Based on the 2015 Census of Population)". Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016. Retrieved November 28, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ Jr, Narciso Reyes (2 September 2015). "The Lost Generation". opinion.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  18. ^ Ramos, Mariejo S. (9 August 2019). "QC residents dismayed over cutting, pruning of 50 trees in public park". newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  19. ^ News, Kristine Sabillo, ABS-CBN. "DENR probes Philam Homes after residents complain of tree cutting". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2020-05-14. ((cite web)): |last= has generic name (help)