Carcar
City of Carcar
Carcar from the bell tower of St. Catherine of Alexandria church
Carcar from the bell tower of St. Catherine of Alexandria church
Official seal of Carcar
Map of Cebu with Carcar highlighted
Map of Cebu with Carcar highlighted
OpenStreetMap
OpenStreetMap
Carcar is located in Philippines
Carcar
Carcar
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°07′N 123°38′E / 10.12°N 123.63°E / 10.12; 123.63Coordinates: 10°07′N 123°38′E / 10.12°N 123.63°E / 10.12; 123.63
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Visayas
ProvinceCebu
District 1st district
Founded1599
CityhoodJuly 1, 2007 (Lost cityhood in 2008 and 2010)
Affirmed CityhoodFebruary 15, 2011
Barangays15 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMercedita R. Apura
 • Vice MayorNicepuro L. Apura
 • RepresentativeEduardo R. Gullas
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate74,303 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total116.78 km2 (45.09 sq mi)
Elevation
97 m (318 ft)
Highest elevation
807 m (2,648 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total136,453
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
 • Households
26,585
Economy
 • Income class5th city income class
 • Poverty incidence13.80% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱726,426,177.87 (2020)
 • Assets₱3,250,519,321.36 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱428,871,015.46 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱1,096,285,903.63 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityCebu 1 Electric Cooperative (CEBECO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6019
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)32
Native languagesCebuano
Tagalog

Carcar, officially known as the City of Carcar (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Carcar; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Carcar), is a 5th class component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 136,453 people. [3]

Carcar City is bordered to the north by the town of San Fernando, to the west are the towns of Aloguinsan and Barili, to the east is the Cebu Strait, and to the south is the town of Sibonga.

Carcar lies within Metro Cebu area.[5]

History

Carcar was known as "Sialo" since before the Spanish colonization. It became a municipality in 1599. Carcar is considered one of the oldest towns in Cebu, with its Spanish influence lasted more than 300 years ago.

Cityhood

Main article: Cities of the Philippines

For further information, see League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC.

On July, 2007, the municipality of Carcar becomes a city in the province of Cebu after ratification of Republic Act 9436.

The Supreme Court declared the cityhood law of Carcar and 15 other cities unconstitutional after a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines in its ruling on November 18, 2008. On December 22, 2009, the cityhood law of Carcar and 15 other municipalities regain its status as cities again after the court reversed its ruling on November 18, 2008. On August 23, 2010, the court reinstated its ruling on November 18, 2008, causing Carcar and 15 cities to become regular municipalities. Finally, on February 15, 2011, Carcar becomes a city again including the 15 municipalities declaring that the conversion to cityhood met all legal requirements.

In 2013, after six years of legal battle, in its board resolution the League of Cities of the Philippines acknowledged and recognized the cityhood of Carcar and 15 other cities on July 19, 2013.[6][7]

Geography

Carcar is located 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Cebu City. It has a land area of 116.78 square kilometres (45.09 sq mi).

Topography

The land is generally level with less than 18% slope comprising 78.7% of the total land area. Areas with slopes ranging from 18 to 50% cover 19.3% of the total land area and those over 50% slope comprise approximately 1.9%. The highest recorded elevation is a little over 660 metres (2,170 ft) above sea level, located within the barangay of Napo.

Soil type

The municipality has five dominant soil types namely: Faraon Clay, Steep Phase, the Lugo Clay, the Mandaue clay loam & the Hydrosol type.

Barangays

Carcar comprises 15 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[8]
072214001 Bolinawan 8.0% 10,881 10,852 0.03%
072214002 Buenavista 2.0% 2,662 2,294 1.49%
072214003 Calidngan 2.4% 3,258 2,953 0.98%
072214004 Can‑asujan 6.7% 9,114 7,845 1.50%
072214005 Guadalupe 9.3% 12,641 10,633 1.73%
072214006 Liburon 5.6% 7,606 6,749 1.20%
072214007 Napo 4.7% 6,427 6,344 0.13%
072214008 Ocaña 6.9% 9,361 8,507 0.96%
072214009 Perrelos 10.4% 14,129 12,901 0.91%
072214012 Poblacion I 8.0% 10,919 8,996 1.94%
072214013 Poblacion II 2.0% 2,680 2,432 0.97%
072214014 Poblacion III 5.1% 6,898 5,763 1.80%
072214015 Tuyom 4.5% 6,080 5,563 0.89%
072214010 Valencia 4.0% 5,485 4,885 1.16%
072214011 Valladolid 8.4% 11,523 10,606 0.83%
Total 136,453 107,323 2.42%

Climate

The wet season occurs during the months of May to October and the dry season, from January to May.

Climate data for Carcar, Cebu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 70
(2.8)
49
(1.9)
62
(2.4)
78
(3.1)
138
(5.4)
201
(7.9)
192
(7.6)
185
(7.3)
192
(7.6)
205
(8.1)
156
(6.1)
111
(4.4)
1,639
(64.6)
Average rainy days 13.4 10.6 13.1 14.5 24.2 27.9 28.4 27.7 27.1 27.4 22.5 15.9 252.7
Source: Meteoblue (Use with caution: this is modeled/calculated data, not measured locally.) [9]

Demographics

Population census of Carcar
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 31,895—    
1918 37,392+1.07%
1939 36,308−0.14%
1948 32,818−1.12%
1960 36,304+0.84%
1970 45,806+2.35%
1975 47,174+0.59%
1980 57,822+4.15%
1990 70,841+2.05%
1995 78,726+2.00%
2000 89,199+2.71%
2007 100,632+1.68%
2010 107,323+2.37%
2015 119,664+2.09%
2020 136,453+2.62%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[10][8][11][12]

Economy


Tourism

Mercado Ancestral Home

Notable personalities

Gallery

References

  1. ^ City of Carcar | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ Sun–Star 2005.
  6. ^ "16 new cities recognized as LCP members (Archived)". Sun Star News. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  7. ^ "League finally recognizes 16 'unqualified' cities". Rappler. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  8. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Carcar: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  10. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.

Sources

Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Carcar.