Carcar
City of Carcar
Carcar Old Town Plaza as seen from the bell tower of St. Catherine of Alexandria Church
Carcar Old Town Plaza as seen from the bell tower of St. Catherine of Alexandria Church
Official seal of Carcar
Nickname: 
Heritage City of the South
Motto(s): 
Sidlak Carcar!, Sadya Carcar!
Anthem: Ganghaan sa habagatan
English: Southern gate
Map of Cebu with Carcar highlighted
Map of Cebu with Carcar highlighted
OpenStreetMap
OpenStreetMap
Map
Carcar is located in Philippines
Carcar
Carcar
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°07′N 123°38′E / 10.12°N 123.63°E / 10.12; 123.63
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Visayas
ProvinceCebu
District 1st district
Founded1599
CityhoodJuly 1, 2007 (Lost cityhood in 2008 and 2010)
Affirmed CityhoodFebruary 15, 2011
Barangays15 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMario Patricio P. Barcenas (1Cebu)
 • Vice MayorEfren A. Quijano (1Cebu)
 • RepresentativeRhea Mae A. Gullas
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate82,036 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total116.78 km2 (45.09 sq mi)
Elevation
97 m (318 ft)
Highest elevation
807 m (2,648 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total136,453
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
 • Households
32,075
Economy
 • Income class5th city income class
 • Poverty incidence
13.80
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 726.4 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 3,251 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 428.9 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 1,096 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityCebu 1 Electric Cooperative (CEBECO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6019
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)32
Native languagesCebuano
Tagalog

Carcar, officially the City of Carcar (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Carcar; Filipino: Lungsod ng Carcar), is a 5th class component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 136,453 people.[3]

Carcar City is bordered to the north by the town of San Fernando, to the west are the towns of Barili and Aloguinsan, to the east is the Cebu Strait, and to the south is the town of Sibonga.

Carcar lies on the southernmost part of Metro Cebu area.[5]

History

Carcar was known as "Kabkad" or "Sialo" before Spanish colonization.[6] It became a town in 1599. Carcar is considered one of the oldest towns in Cebu, with its Spanish influence lasted more than 300 years ago.

Cityhood

Main article: Cities of the Philippines

For further information, see League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC.

On July 2007, the municipality of Carcar was converted into a component city of the province of Cebu after ratification of Republic Act 9436.

On November 18, 2008, Supreme Court ruled that the cityhood charters of Carcar and 15 other cities as unconstitutional as a result of a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines. A year later, on December 22, Carcar and 15 other municipalities regained their status as cities again after the court reversed its November 18, 2008, ruling. On August 23, 2010, the court reinstated its ruling on November 18, 2008, causing Carcar and 15 cities to revert back to municipalities. Finally on February 15, 2011, Carcar and the other 15 municipalities regained their cityhood status.

In 2013, after a six year legal battle, the League of Cities of the Philippines acknowledged and recognized the cityhood of Carcar and 15 other cities on July 19, 2013.[7][8]

Geography

Carcar is located 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Cebu City. It has a land area of 116.78 square kilometres (45.09 sq mi).

Topography

The land is generally level with less than 18% slope comprising 78.7% of the total land area. Areas with slopes ranging from 18 to 50% cover 19.3% of the total land area and those over 50% slope comprise approximately 1.9%. The highest recorded elevation is a little over 660 metres (2,170 ft) above sea level, located within the barangay of Napo.

Soil type

The municipality has five dominant soil types namely: Faraon Clay, Steep Phase, the Lugo Clay, the Mandaue clay loam & the Hydrosol type.

Barangays

Carcar is politically subdivided into 15 barangays. Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[9]
072214001 Bolinawan 8.0% 10,881 10,852 0.03%
072214002 Buenavista 2.0% 2,662 2,294 1.50%
072214003 Calidngan 2.4% 3,258 2,953 0.99%
072214004 Can‑asujan 6.7% 9,114 7,845 1.51%
072214005 Guadalupe 9.3% 12,641 10,633 1.74%
072214006 Liburon 5.6% 7,606 6,749 1.20%
072214007 Napo 4.7% 6,427 6,344 0.13%
072214008 Ocaña 6.9% 9,361 8,507 0.96%
072214009 Perrelos 10.4% 14,129 12,901 0.91%
072214012 Poblacion I 8.0% 10,919 8,996 1.96%
072214013 Poblacion II 2.0% 2,680 2,432 0.98%
072214014 Poblacion III 5.1% 6,898 5,763 1.81%
072214015 Tuyom 4.5% 6,080 5,563 0.89%
072214010 Valencia 4.0% 5,485 4,885 1.17%
072214011 Valladolid 8.4% 11,523 10,606 0.83%
Total 136,453 107,323 2.43%

Climate

The wet season occurs during the months of May to October and the dry season, from January to May.

Climate data for Carcar, Cebu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(85)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 70
(2.8)
49
(1.9)
62
(2.4)
78
(3.1)
138
(5.4)
201
(7.9)
192
(7.6)
185
(7.3)
192
(7.6)
205
(8.1)
156
(6.1)
111
(4.4)
1,639
(64.6)
Average rainy days 13.4 10.6 13.1 14.5 24.2 27.9 28.4 27.7 27.1 27.4 22.5 15.9 252.7
Source: Meteoblue (Use with caution: this is modeled/calculated data, not measured locally.)[10]

Demographics

Population census of Carcar
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 31,895—    
1918 37,392+1.07%
1939 36,308−0.14%
1948 32,818−1.12%
1960 36,304+0.84%
1970 45,806+2.35%
1975 47,174+0.59%
1980 57,822+4.15%
1990 70,841+2.05%
1995 78,726+2.00%
2000 89,199+2.71%
2007 100,632+1.68%
2010 107,323+2.37%
2015 119,664+2.09%
2020 136,453+2.62%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][9][12][13]

Economy


Tourism

Mercado Ancestral Home

Notable personalities

Gallery

References

  1. ^ City of Carcar | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ Sun–Star 2005.
  6. ^ Inocian, Reynaldo; Irmano, Kristel Joy; Sitoy, Evelyn; Delgado, April Rose; Lozano, Elena (October 29, 2020). "Cebu's Places Named After Endemic Flora: Basis for Innovative Teaching Models". International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention. 7 (10): 6241–6255. doi:10.18535/ijsshi/v7i010.06. ISSN 2349-2031.
  7. ^ "16 new cities recognized as LCP members (Archived)". Sun Star News. July 19, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  8. ^ "League finally recognizes 16 'unqualified' cities". Rappler. July 19, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  9. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  10. ^ "Carcar: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  11. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.((cite encyclopedia)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  14. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  15. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  16. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. March 23, 2009.
  17. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 3, 2012.
  18. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016.
  19. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 10, 2019.
  20. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.

Sources