Ayala Avenue
Ayala Avenue 2020.jpg
Part ofC-3 C-3 from Metropolitan Avenue to Gil Puyat Avenue
NamesakeZóbel de Ayala family
Length1.9 km (1.2 mi)
RestrictionsTrucks, pedicabs and tricycles not allowed between Gil Puyat Avenue and EDSA
LocationMakati
North endMetropolitan Avenue
Major
junctions
N190 (Gil Puyat Avenue)
South end AH 26 (N1) (EDSA)
Construction
Completion1958

Ayala Avenue is a major thoroughfare in Makati, Philippines. It is one of the busiest roads in Metro Manila, crossing through the heart of the Makati Central Business District. Because of the many businesses located along the avenue, Ayala Avenue is nicknamed the "Wall Street of the Philippines".[1] It is also a major link between Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) and Metropolitan Avenue. Part of Ayala Avenue from Metropolitan Avenue to Gil Puyat Avenue, known as the Ayala Avenue Extension, also forms part of Circumferential Road 3.

History

Ayala Avenue south of Makati Avenue, 1982
Ayala Avenue south of Makati Avenue, 1982

Ayala Avenue's segment from the present-day Gil Puyat (Buendia) Avenue to Makati Avenue used to be the primary runway of the Nielson Airport, which was inaugurated in 1937 and was one of the first airports built in Luzon, while its extension occupies a segment of an old road that connected the Santa Ana Park and McKinley–Pasay Road.[2][3][4] The airport was destroyed during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines on December 10, 1941, and resumed operations after the end World War II in 1947. The airport closed in 1948 and its permanent facilities were passed on the owner of the land, Ayala y Compañía. The runways were then converted into roads as part of Ayala's plan to build a new business district in the area.[5] The modern avenue was completed in 1958, eventually connecting it to Highway 54 (now EDSA).[6]

It later created a new segment between Kamagong Street in San Antonio Village and Metropolitan Avenue, connecting it to South Avenue.[7] In 1998, a flyover was built for left turners onto EDSA northbound.[8]

Landmarks

Ayala Center

Main article: Ayala Center

The Ayala Center, which comprises eight distinct shopping centers, is partially located on Ayala Avenue, specifically the Glorietta complex, including Rustan's, and 6750 Ayala Avenue, as well as the Makati Shangri-La Hotel and One Ayala complex.

Ayala Triangle

The Ayala Triangle
The Ayala Triangle

See also: Ayala Triangle Gardens

The Ayala Triangle is a sub-district of the Makati Central Business District, comprising the parcel of land between Ayala Avenue, Makati Avenue and Paseo de Roxas, as well as the buildings on those streets. Many multinational companies, banks and other major businesses are located within the triangle. A few upscale boutiques, restaurants and a park called Ayala Triangle Gardens are also located in the area.

PBCom Tower

Main article: PBCom Tower

PBCom Tower, one of the tallest buildings in the Philippines, is located at Ayala Avenue and V.A. Rufino Street. It serves as the headquarters of Philippine Bank of Communications. It was the tallest building in the Philippines from 2000 to 2017.

Apartment Ridge

Apartment Ridge is a complex of apartment and condominium buildings along the streets of Makati and Ayala Avenues outside Urdaneta Village. In this area, The Peninsula Manila, Makati Tuscany, Discovery Primea, The Estate Makati, Ritz Towers, Pacific Plaza Condominium, Twin Towers, and Urdaneta Apartments are located along the avenue.

Government-owned buildings

Other famous buildings

Ayala Avenue is home to many other landmark buildings, which house many large Philippine businesses including:

Other structures

Intersections

Intersection of Ayala and Makati Avenues
Intersection of Ayala and Makati Avenues

The entire route is located in Makati

kmmiDestinationsNotes
AH 26 (N1) (EDSA)Southern terminus. Traffic light intersection. No left turn allowed. Continues south as McKinley Road.
Recoletos StreetNorthbound entrance only. Closed access to Urdaneta Village.
Apartment Ridge RoadNorthbound entrance only.
West end of Ayala-EDSA Flyover
East StreetTraffic light intersection.
Courtyard DriveTraffic light intersection
Parkway DriveTraffic light intersection. Access to Glorietta complex.
West Street, Fonda StreetNo access from opposite directions.
Makati AvenueTraffic light intersection
Paseo de RoxasTraffic light intersection
V.A. Rufino StreetTraffic light intersection
H.V. Dela Costa Street, Salcedo StreetTraffic light intersection.
Amorsolo StreetSouthbound entrance and exit only.
Gil Puyat AvenueTraffic light intersection. Southern end of C-3 segment.
Malugay StreetNo access from opposite directions.
Yakal StreetTraffic light intersection.
Kamagong StreetTraffic light intersection. No left turn allowed from northbound. Avenue becomes one-way northbound.
Metropolitan AvenueTraffic light intersection. Northern terminus. Continues north as South Avenue.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ Wall Street Journal Staff, ed. (1974). The Best of the Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones Books. ISBN 978-0-87128-487-7.
  2. ^ "Vertical view of Nielson Field in Makati area of southern Manila". PacificWrecks. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  3. ^ "Neilson Airport under construction, now Ayala Triangle, Makati, Manila, Philippines, March 20, 1937". Flickr. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  4. ^ Nocheseda, Elmer (January 11, 2008). "A cadastral map of the original Ayala purchase depicts the total 2,986-hectare Makati area" (Map). Flickr. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  5. ^ "The Story of Ayala Triangle: Beginnings as Nielson Field". The Urban Roamer. September 7, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  6. ^ O'Gorman Anderson, Benedict Richard (2003). Southeast Asia Over Three Generations: Essays Presented to Benedict R. O'G. Anderson. SEAP Publications. pp. 291–294. ISBN 0877277354.
  7. ^ Metro Manila Street Guide (Map) (2nd ed.). Philippine Map Co., Inc.
  8. ^ "Road and Bridge Inventory". Department of Public Works and Highways. Retrieved November 12, 2021.

Coordinates: 14°33′22″N 121°1′19″E / 14.55611°N 121.02194°E / 14.55611; 121.02194