R-9
MacArthur Highway
Manila North Road
McArthur Highway (Lara, San Fernando, Pampanga; 2017-04-14).jpg
MacArthur Highway in Barangay Lara, San Fernando, Pampanga
Route information
Maintained by the Department of Public Works and Highways
Length684.855 km[1] (425.549 mi)
Component
highways
  • R-9 R-9 in Metro Manila
  • N1 from Caloocan to Guiguinto
  • N2 from Guiguinto to Laoag
  • AH 26 (N1) from Laoag to Aparri
Major junctions
South end AH 26 (N1) (Bonifacio Monument Circle) in Caloocan
Major intersections
North endBarangay Mabanguc, Aparri, Cagayan
Location
CountryPhilippines
Regions
Provinces
Major cities
Towns
Highway system
  • Roads in the Philippines

The MacArthur Highway, officially the Manila North Road (MNR or MaNor), is a 684.855-kilometer (425.549 mi), two-to-six lane, national primary highway and tertiary highway in Luzon, Philippines, connecting Caloocan in Metro Manila to Aparri in Cagayan at the north. It is the second longest road in the Philippines, after Pan-Philippine Highway. It is primarily known as MacArthur Highway in segments from Caloocan to Urdaneta, Pangasinan,[2] although it is also applied up to Ilocos Sur,[3] and likewise called as Manila North Road for the entire length.[1]

Route description

Manila North Road is a toll-free, two- to eight-lane national road that stretches for about 685 km (426 mi) from the Bonifacio Monument (Monumento) Circle in Caloocan, north of Manila, to the northern province of Cagayan, passing through three cities in Metro Manila (Caloocan, Malabon, and Valenzuela), three provinces of Central Luzon (Bulacan, Pampanga and Tarlac), four provinces of the Ilocos Region (Pangasinan, La Union, Ilocos Sur, and Ilocos Norte), and the province of Cagayan in the Cagayan Valley region.[4] The highway parallels the North Luzon Expressway from Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) to Mabalacat, the Subic–Clark–Tarlac Expressway from Mabalacat to Tarlac City, and the Tarlac–Pangasinan–La Union Expressway from Tarlac City to Rosario.

The entire road consists of series of route numbering system by the Department of Public Works and Highways. From Caloocan to Guiguinto and from Laoag to Aparri, it is the component of National Route 1 (N1) of the Philippine highway network, although N1 isn't signposted in the first part of the highway; the latter section is also part of the Pan-Philippine Highway or Asian Highway 26 (AH26) of the Asian highway network. The rest of the route from Guiguinto to Laoag is entirely designated as the National Route 2 (N2) of the Philippine highway network. Particularly its section in Metro Manila, it is also a component of R-9 of Manila's arterial road network. Its remaining section in Aparri is classified as an unnumbered, tertiary road.

Alternative names

The highway in San Fernando, La Union, locally known as Quezon Avenue

Manila North Road's section from Caloocan to Urdaneta, Pangasinan is officially recognized as MacArthur Highway,[5] although it is also known as such in La Union and Ilocos Sur.[3] Its section that forms part of N1/AH26 from Laoag to Aparri is also known as Maharlika Highway and a part of Laoag–Allacapan Road.[6]

Through the city proper of San Fernando, La Union, the road is locally known as Quezon Avenue. In Laoag, it forms part of Laoag–Paoay Road between Laoag Airport Road and at the city proper, it is locally known as J.P. Rizal Avenue and Gen. Segundo Avenue, respectively.[1]

History

The highway was built in sections beginning in 1928 during the American colonial period.[7] It followed much of the route of the old Manila Railroad line from Manila to Dagupan. It was designated Highway 3 and also Route 3 in early U.S. military records.[8] It also reached south up to Manila through the present-day alignment of Rizal Avenue (Route 3A); the highway's section from Caloocan to Valenzuela (formerly Polo) was once part of Rizal Avenue Extension.[2] However, Highway 3 used a different alignment in Valenzuela that exist until today as a mixture of streets in barangay Malanday, in Bulacan from Guiguinto to Calumpit via Pulilan that exist until today as part of Maharlika Highway (Cagayan Valley Road section) and Pulilan Regional Road,[9][10] through the town propers (poblacion) of San Fernando and Angeles in Pampanga as a mixture of streets collectively known as the Old Manila North Road, respectively, and in Paniqui in Tarlac as a mixture of streets in the town proper collectively known as Paniqui Poblacion Road.[1][11][12][13] New alignments were later built to form the present-day highway. The highway eventually reached the Ilocos provinces in the north and became known as the Manila North Road.[4] Apparently in the 1950s, it reached further towards Aparri in Cagayan as it took over the section that was previously known as Cagayan–Ilocos Norte Road.[2][14]

On June 17, 1961, the section of the Manila North Road between Caloocan and Urdaneta, alongside the western road that leads to Lingayen, was renamed MacArthur Highway in honor of the Liberator of the Philippines during World War II, General Douglas MacArthur.[5][8]

Intersections

Metro Manila

Bulacan

Pampanga

Tarlac

The highway approaching Tarlac City

Pangasinan

La Union

Ilocos Sur

Amburayan Bridge at the La Union–Ilocos Sur boundary

Ilocos Norte

Patapat Viaduct in Pagudpud carries Manila North Road's section that is the second part of N1 but with the AH26 concurrency

Cagayan

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Road and Bridge Inventory". Department of Public Works and Highways. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Executive Order No. 483, s. 1951 (November 6, 1951), Establishing the Classification of Roads, retrieved November 6, 2021
  3. ^ a b "Advisory: Road works along MacArthur Highway in La Union and Ilocos Sur". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. March 23, 2016. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Jica, World Bank to maintain 500-km MacArthur Highway". BusinessMirror. Archived from the original on August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  5. ^ a b Republic Act No. 1080 (June 17, 1961), An Act Providing that the Highway from the City of Manila to the Municipality of Lingayen, Province of Pangasinan, Passing Through the Municipality of Tarlac, Province of Tarlac, and the Municipalities of Villasis, Urdaneta, Sta. Barbara, Calasiao, Dagupan, and Binmaley, All in the Province of Pangasinan, Shall Hereafter be Known as the Macarthur Highway, ChanRobles Virtual Law Library, retrieved August 14, 2014
  6. ^ Presidential Decree No. 1062 (December 15, 1975), Appropriating Funds for Infrastructure Development, Synchronizing the Same with Previous Public Works Appropriations, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, retrieved December 31, 2021
  7. ^ "A window into Valenzuela City's past". BusinessMirror. Archived from the original on August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  8. ^ a b The MacArthur Highway and Other Relics of American Empire in the Philippines. Joseph P. McCallus. April 30, 2010. ISBN 9781597974974. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  9. ^ Official Road Map of the Philippine Islands: with Ports Indicated (Map). 1 : 930000. Bureau of Public Works, Philippines. 1936. Retrieved July 15, 2023.
  10. ^ ND 51-5 Manila (Map). 1:250,000. Washington D.C.: Army Map Service, Corps of Engineers. 1954. Retrieved November 20, 2021.
  11. ^ 1944 Army Map Service Road Map of Northern Luzon, Philippines (Map). 1:1000000. Washington D.C.: Army Maps Service, Corps of Engineers. 1944. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  12. ^ ND 51-5 Manila (Map). 1:250,000. Washington D.C.: Army Map Service, Corps of Engineers. 1954. Retrieved November 20, 2021.
  13. ^ ND 51-1 Tarlac (Map). 1:250,000. Washington D.C.: Army Map Service, Corps of Engineers. 1954. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  14. ^ Executive Order No. 113, s. 1955 (May 2, 1955), Establishing the Classification of Roads, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, retrieved November 6, 2021

15°33′09″N 120°20′43″E / 15.5525°N 120.3452°E / 15.5525; 120.3452