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President of the Senate of the Philippines
Pangulo ng Senado ng Pilipinas
Seal of the Philippine Senate.svg
Flag of the Senate President of the Philippines.svg
Migz Zubiri - 2021.jpg
Incumbent
Juan Miguel Zubiri
since July 25, 2022
StyleMr. President
(informal; within the Senate)
The Honorable
(formal)
His Excellency
(formal, diplomatic)
Member ofSenate of the Philippines
National Security Council
Commission on Appointments
Reports toSenate of the Philippines
SeatGSIS Building, Pasay City
AppointerThe Senate
Term lengthAt the Senate's pleasure
Inaugural holderManuel L. Quezon
FormationOctober 16, 1916
SuccessionSecond
WebsiteSenate

The president of the Senate of the Philippines (Filipino: pangulo ng Mataas na Kapulungan ng Pilipinas or pangulo ng Senado ng Pilipinas) is the presiding officer and the highest-ranking official of the Senate of the Philippines, and third highest and most powerful official in the government of the Philippines. They are elected by the entire body to be their leader. The Senate president is second in the line of succession to the presidency, behind only the vice president and ahead of the speaker of the House of Representatives.

The current Senate president is Juan Miguel Zubiri. He was elected on July 25, 2022, the first day of the 19th Congress.

Election

The Senate president is elected by the majority of the members of the Senate from among themselves; Since there are 24 senators, 13 votes are needed to win the Senate presidency, including any vacant seats or senators not attending the session. Although Senate presidents are elected at the start of each Congress, there had been numerous instances of Senate coups in which a sitting Senate president is unseated in the middle of session. Term-sharing agreements among senators who are both eyeing the position of the Senate president also played a role in changing the leadership of the Senate, but in a smooth manner, the peaceful transition of power and this was done two times in 1999 and in 2006.

Unlike most Senate presidents that are the symbolic presiding officers of the upper house, the Senate president of the Philippines wields considerate power by influencing the legislative agenda and has the ability to vote not just in order to break ties, although the Senate president is traditionally the last senator to vote. A tied vote, therefore, means that the motion is lost, and that the Senate president cannot cast a tie-breaking vote since that would mean that the presiding officer would have had voted twice.

Powers and duties

According to the Rule 3 of the Rules of the Senate, the Senate president has the powers and duties to:

The Senate president is also the ex officio chairman of the Commission on Appointments, a constitutional body within the Congress that has the sole power to confirm all appointments made by the president of the Philippines. Under Section 2 of Chapter 2 of the Rules of the Commission on Appointments, the powers and duties of the Senate president as its ex-officio chairman are as follows:

And if other impeachable officers other than the president such as the ombudsman is on an impeachment trial, the Senate president is the presiding officer and shall be the last to vote on the judgment on such cases according to the Senate Rules of Procedure in Impeachment Trials the Senate adopted on March 23, 2011.

In the Senate, he supervises the committees and attended its hearings and meetings if necessary and such committee reports are being submitted to his/her office.

List of Senate presidents

The Senate was created on 1916 with the abolition of the Philippine Commission as the upper house with the Philippine Assembly as the lower house. The Senate and the House of Representatives comprised the Philippine Legislature (PL). Representation was by senatorial district; Manuel L. Quezon was elected senator from the now-defunct 5th legislative district.

All senators from 1941 onwards were elected at-large, with the whole Philippines as one constituency.

# Portrait Senate president Party Tenure of office Legislature
1
Manuel Quezon LCCN2011647833 (cropped).jpg
Manuel L. Quezon[1]
Senator for the
5th Senatorial District
(1878–1944)
Nacionalista August 29, 1916 – November 15, 1935
(19 years, 78 days)
4th Legislature
5th Legislature
Nacionalista
Colectivista
6th Legislature
Nacionalista
Consolidado
7th Legislature
8th Legislature
9th Legislature
Nacionalista
Democratico
10th Legislature
  • The Senate and the House of Representatives were merged into the unicameral National Assembly in 1935 at the onset of the Commonwealth period. The National Assembly was replaced by the bicameral Commonwealth Congress with the amendment of the 1935 Constitution in 1940, with the first election for the Senate elected nationwide at-large held in November 1941. However, the outbreak of World War II in the Philippines meant that the Commonwealth Congress did not convene until 1945.[2]
  • For the leaders of the National Assembly, see Speakers of the National Assembly.
2
Manuel Roxas 2.jpg
Manuel Roxas[3]
(1892–1948)
Liberal July 9, 1945 – May 28, 1946
(323 days)
1st
Commonwealth
Congress
3
Jose Avelino studio photo.jpg
Jose Avelino
(1890–1986)
Liberal May 28, 1946 – February 21, 1949
(2 years, 269 days)
2nd
Commonwealth
Congress
1st Congress
4
Mariano Jesus Cuenco.jpg
Mariano Jesus Cuenco
(1888–1964)
Liberal February 21, 1949 – December 30, 1951
(2 years, 312 days)
2nd Congress
5
Quintin Paredes photo.jpg
Quintin Paredes
(1884–1973)
Liberal March 5, 1952 – April 17, 1952
(43 days)
6
Camilo Osias studio photo.jpg
Camilo Osias
(1889–1976)
Nacionalista April 17, 1952 – April 30, 1952
(13 days)
7
Governor Eulogio Rodriguez Sr. Portrait.jpg
Eulogio A. Rodriguez Sr.
(1883–1964)
Nacionalista April 30, 1952 – April 17, 1953
(352 days)
(6)
Camilo Osias studio photo.jpg
Camilo Osias
(1889–1976)
Nacionalista April 17, 1953 – May 20, 1953
(33 days)
8
Jose Zulueta portrait.jpg
Jose Zulueta
(1889–1972)
Liberal May 20, 1953 – November 30, 1953
(194 days)
(7)
Governor Eulogio Rodriguez Sr. Portrait.jpg
Eulogio A. Rodriguez Sr.
(1883–1964)
Nacionalista November 30, 1953 – April 5, 1963
(9 years, 126 days)
3rd Congress
4th Congress
5th Congress
9
Ferdinand E Marcos (cropped).jpg
Ferdinand Marcos
(1917–1989)
Liberal
(until 1965)
April 5, 1963 – December 30, 1965
(2 years, 269 days)
Nacionalista
(from 1965)
10
Arturo Tolentino.jpg
Arturo Tolentino
(1910–2004)
Nacionalista January 17, 1966 – January 26, 1967
(1 year, 9 days)
6th Congress
11
Gil Puyat photo.jpg
Gil Puyat
(1907–1980)
Nacionalista January 26, 1967 – September 23, 1972
(5 years, 241 days)
7th Congress
  • The legislative functions of Congress were absorbed by the president from 1972 to 1978, when the unicameral Batasang Pambansa was formed during the Fourth Republic.
  • For leaders of the Batasang Pambansa, see Speakers of the Batasang Pambansa.
  • After the 1986 EDSA Revolution, the president held legislative powers until a restored bicameral congress could be elected into office.
12
Salonga.jpg
Jovito Salonga
(1920–2016)
Liberal July 27, 1987 – January 18, 1992
(4 years, 158 days)
8th Congress
13
0136jfBarangay Maysilo Circle Monuments Plainview Mandaluyong City Hallfvf 20.jpg
Neptali Gonzales
(1923–2001)
LDP January 18, 1992 – January 18, 1993
(1 year, 17 days)
9th Congress
14
Edgardo Angara picture.jpg
Edgardo Angara
(1934–2018)
LDP January 18, 1993 – August 28, 1995
(2 years, 222 days)
10th Congress
(13)
0136jfBarangay Maysilo Circle Monuments Plainview Mandaluyong City Hallfvf 20.jpg
Neptali Gonzales
(1923–2001)
LDP August 29, 1995 – October 10, 1996
(1 year, 42 days)
15
Ernesto Maceda (cropped 2).jpg
Ernesto Maceda
(1935–2016)
NPC October 10, 1996 – January 26, 1998
(1 year, 108 days)
(13)
0136jfBarangay Maysilo Circle Monuments Plainview Mandaluyong City Hallfvf 20.jpg
Neptali Gonzales
(1923–2001)
LDP January 26, 1998 – June 30, 1998
(155 days)
16
Marcelo Fernan.jpg
Marcelo Fernan
(1927–1999)
LDP July 27, 1998 – June 28, 1999
(336 days)
11th Congress
17
Blas Ople 2.jpg
Blas Ople
(1927–2003)
LAMMP June 28, 1999 – July 12, 2000
(1 year, 13 days)
18
JPPFL Sen. Franklin Drilon (cropped).jpg
Franklin Drilon
(born 1945)
Independent July 12, 2000 – November 13, 2000
(124 days)
19
Nene Pimentel at the Bantayog ng mga Bayani 2018 Honoring of Martyrs and Heroes.jpg
Aquilino Pimentel Jr.
(1933–2019)
PDP–Laban November 13, 2000 – June 30, 2001
(229 days)
(18)
JPPFL Sen. Franklin Drilon (cropped).jpg
Franklin Drilon
(born 1945)
Independent
(until 2003)
July 23, 2001 – July 24, 2006
(5 years, 1 day)
12th Congress
Liberal
(from 2003)
13th Congress
20
Manny Villar Photo.jpg
Manny Villar
(born 1949)
Nacionalista July 24, 2006 – November 17, 2008
(2 years, 116 days)
14th Congress
21
Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile.jpg
Juan Ponce Enrile
(born 1924)
PMP November 17, 2008 – June 5, 2013
(4 years, 200 days)
15th Congress
Official photo of Senator Jinggoy Ejercito Estrada.jpg
Jinggoy Estrada
(born 1963)
Acting
PMP June 5, 2013 – July 22, 2013
(47 days)
(18)
JPPFL Sen. Franklin Drilon (cropped).jpg
Franklin Drilon
(born 1945)
Liberal July 22, 2013 – June 30, 2016
(2 years, 344 days)
16th Congress
22
Koko Pimentel IAEA cropped.jpg
Koko Pimentel
(born 1964)
PDP–Laban July 25, 2016 – May 21, 2018
(1 year, 300 days)
17th Congress
23
Tito Sotto III (cropped).jpg
Tito Sotto
(born 1948)
NPC May 21, 2018 – June 30, 2022
(4 years, 40 days)
18th Congress
24
Migz Zubiri - 2021.jpg
Juan Miguel Zubiri
(born 1969)
Independent July 25, 2022 – present
(280 days)
19th Congress

Timeline

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Sources

References

  1. ^ "Biography of Senate President Quezon". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  2. ^ "The Legislative Branch: Commonwealth of the Philippines, 1935 – 1946". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  3. ^ "Biography of Senate President Roxas". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.