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A map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao

The Philippine Archipelago comprises about 7,641 islands[1][2] clustered into three major island groups: Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao. Only about 2,000 islands are inhabited,[3] and more than 5,000 are yet to be officially named.[2]

List of islands by size

Below is a list of the largest Philippine islands. There are discrepancies in the area estimates across various sources, which would change the rankings of some smaller islands. The areas given may not be definitive.

The 50 largest islands have a combined area of around 321,000 square kilometers (124,000 sq mi) and a combined population of about 100.9 million (2015); thus they contain about 99% of the Philippines' total land area and total population (2015). Combined population of Luzon and Mindanao accounts for 80% of total population of the Philippines.

Map this section's coordinates using: OpenStreetMap Download coordinates as: KML GPX (all coordinates) GPX (primary coordinates) GPX (secondary coordinates)
# [A] Name
of island
Area[4] Population Coordinates Notes
1 Luzon 109,965 km2
(42,458 sq mi)
64,260,312 15°59′59″N 121°00′00″E / 15.9996°N 121.0000°E / 15.9996; 121.0000 (Luzon) 15th largest island and 4th most populated island in the world
2 Mindanao 97,530 km2
(37,657 sq mi)
25,537,691 7°41′42″N 124°15′04″E / 7.695°N 124.251°E / 7.695; 124.251 (Mindanao) 19th largest island in the world
3 Samar 13,429 km2
(5,185 sq mi)
1,880,020 11°48′00″N 125°00′43″E / 11.800°N 125.012°E / 11.800; 125.012 (Samar) [5] Largest island entirely within one region
4 Negros 13,310 km2
(5,139 sq mi)
4,414,131 10°01′34″N 122°58′01″E / 10.026°N 122.967°E / 10.026; 122.967 (Negros) [5]
5 Palawan 12,189 km2
(4,706 sq mi)
886,308 9°30′00″N 118°30′00″E / 9.5001°N 118.5000°E / 9.5001; 118.5000 (Palawan) Largest island entirely within one province
6 Panay 12,011 km2
(4,637 sq mi)
4,477,247 11°10′26″N 122°30′14″E / 11.174°N 122.504°E / 11.174; 122.504 (Panay)
7 Mindoro 10,572 km2
(4,082 sq mi)
1,331,473 12°52′15″N 120°55′40″E / 12.8707°N 120.9279°E / 12.8707; 120.9279 (Mindoro)
8 Leyte 7,368 km2
(2,845 sq mi)
2,388,518 10°50′01″N 124°50′00″E / 10.8335°N 124.8333°E / 10.8335; 124.8333 (Leyte)
9 Cebu 4,468 km2
(1,725 sq mi)
3,917,423 10°19′42″N 123°48′22″E / 10.3284°N 123.8060°E / 10.3284; 123.8060 (Cebu) Island province
10 Bohol 3,821 km2
(1,475 sq mi)
1,313,560 9°50′41″N 124°12′49″E / 9.8447°N 124.2135°E / 9.8447; 124.2135 (Bohol) Island province
11 Masbate 3,268 km2
(1,262 sq mi)
706,897 12°15′01″N 123°30′00″E / 12.2502°N 123.5000°E / 12.2502; 123.5000 (Masbate) Largest of island in Masbate province
12 Catanduanes 1,523 km2
(588 sq mi)
260,964 13°48′31″N 124°13′24″E / 13.8086°N 124.2233°E / 13.8086; 124.2233 (Catanduanes) Island province
13 Basilan 1,265 km2
(488 sq mi)
459,367 6°35′28″N 121°59′19″E / 6.5911°N 121.9885°E / 6.5911; 121.9885 (Basilan) Island province; largest island of the Sulu Archipelago
14 Marinduque 952 km2
(368 sq mi)
234,521 13°23′06″N 121°58′52″E / 13.3850°N 121.9811°E / 13.3850; 121.9811 (Marinduque) Island province
15 Busuanga 890 km2
(344 sq mi)
73,849 12°08′42″N 120°05′41″E / 12.1451°N 120.0948°E / 12.1451; 120.0948 (Busuanga) Largest of the Calamian Islands
16 Jolo 869 km2
(336 sq mi)
530,000 5°58′24″N 121°09′00″E / 5.9732°N 121.1501°E / 5.9732; 121.1501 (Jolo) Part of the Sulu Archipelago
17 Tablas 839 km2
(324 sq mi)
164,012 12°24′20″N 122°03′51″E / 12.4055°N 122.0642°E / 12.4055; 122.0642 (Tablas) [6]
18 Dinagat 802 km2
(310 sq mi)
106,951 10°13′30″N 125°35′41″E / 10.2249°N 125.5947°E / 10.2249; 125.5947 (Dinagat) Island province
19 Polillo 629 km2
(243 sq mi)
64,802 14°50′34″N 121°55′45″E / 14.8428°N 121.9293°E / 14.8428; 121.9293 (Polillo)
20 Guimaras 605 km2
(234 sq mi)
174,613 10°34′47″N 122°36′03″E / 10.5797°N 122.6007°E / 10.5797; 122.6007 (Guimaras) Island province
21 Tawitawi 581 km2
(224 sq mi)
82,582 5°11′52″N 120°02′00″E / 5.1979°N 120.0333°E / 5.1979; 120.0333 (Tawitawi) Island province; part of the Sulu Archipelago
22 Biliran 536 km2
(207 sq mi)
171,612 11°35′01″N 124°28′00″E / 11.5835°N 124.4667°E / 11.5835; 124.4667 (Biliran) Island province
23 Sibuyan 465 km2
(180 sq mi)
59,274 12°23′10″N 122°33′40″E / 12.3862°N 122.5612°E / 12.3862; 122.5612 (Sibuyan)
24 Siargao 437 km2
(169 sq mi)
94,273 9°54′19″N 126°04′00″E / 9.9052°N 126.0667°E / 9.9052; 126.0667 (Siargao)
25 Burias 424 km2
(164 sq mi)
90,300 12°52′54″N 123°12′28″E / 12.8816°N 123.2078°E / 12.8816; 123.2078 (Burias)
26 Culion 389 km2
(150 sq mi)
20,139 11°49′09″N 119°57′38″E / 11.8192°N 119.9606°E / 11.8192; 119.9606 (Culion) [7] 2nd largest of the Calamian Islands
27 Siquijor 337 km2
(130 sq mi)
95,984 9°11′51″N 123°35′47″E / 9.1976°N 123.5964°E / 9.1976; 123.5964 (Siquijor) Island province
28 Ticao 334 km2
(129 sq mi)
95,129 12°30′58″N 123°41′41″E / 12.5162°N 123.6947°E / 12.5162; 123.6947 (Ticao)
29 Dumaran 322 km2
(124 sq mi)
10°32′50″N 119°52′23″E / 10.5471°N 119.8730°E / 10.5471; 119.8730 (Dumaran)
30 Balabac 319 km2
(123 sq mi)
7°56′32″N 117°00′30″E / 7.9421°N 117.0083°E / 7.9421; 117.0083 (Balabac)
31 Samal 301 km2
(116 sq mi)
104,123 7°02′52″N 125°44′39″E / 7.0479°N 125.7442°E / 7.0479; 125.7442 (Samal)
32 Sibutu 285 km2
(110 sq mi)
30,387 4°46′40″N 119°28′35″E / 4.7779°N 119.4764°E / 4.7779; 119.4764 (Sibutu)
33 Camiguin 255 km2
(98 sq mi)
88,478 9°10′26″N 124°42′34″E / 9.1740°N 124.7094°E / 9.1740; 124.7094 (Camiguin) Island province
34 Calayan 196 km2
(76 sq mi)
8,919 19°16′N 121°29′E / 19.27°N 121.48°E / 19.27; 121.48 (Calayan) [8] Largest of the Babuyan Islands
35 Olutanga 194 km2
(75 sq mi)
87,078 7°22′00″N 122°52′54″E / 7.3667°N 122.8817°E / 7.3667; 122.8817 (Olutanga)
36 Alabat 192 km2
(74 sq mi)
41,822 14°07′06″N 122°03′05″E / 14.1184°N 122.0515°E / 14.1184; 122.0515 (Alabat)
37 Panaon 191 km2
(74 sq mi)
57,703 10°03′05″N 125°12′45″E / 10.0513°N 125.2125°E / 10.0513; 125.2125 (Panaon)
38 Mapun 181 km2
(70 sq mi)
26,597 7°00′N 118°30′E / 7.00°N 118.5°E / 7.00; 118.5 (Mapun) Formerly known as Cagayan de Tawi-tawi[9]
39 Camiguin 166 km2
(64 sq mi)
18°50′00″N 121°51′36″E / 18.8333°N 121.86°E / 18.8333; 121.86 (Camiguin) [8] Part of the Babuyan Islands in Luzon, and distinct from Camiguin in Mindanao
40 Bucas Grande 128 km2
(49 sq mi)
22,314 9°40′26″N 125°56′55″E / 9.6738°N 125.9486°E / 9.6738; 125.9486 (Bucas Grande)
Lubang 125 km2
(48 sq mi)
28,922 13°46′03″N 120°11′10″E / 13.7675°N 120.186111°E / 13.7675; 120.186111 (Lubang)
Linapacan 120 km2
(46 sq mi)
15,668 11°30′N 119°54′E / 11.5°N 119.9°E / 11.5; 119.9 (Linapacan) Largest island in the group of islands in Linapacan Strait.[10]
Bugsuk 119 km2
(46 sq mi)
8°15′15″N 117°18′29″E / 8.2542°N 117.3081°E / 8.2542; 117.3081 (Bugsuk)
Bantayan 108 km2
(42 sq mi)
120,447 11°13′07″N 123°44′55″E / 11.2187°N 123.7487°E / 11.2187; 123.7487 (Bantayan)
Pacijan 106 km2
(41 sq mi)
10°40′N 124°20′E / 10.66°N 124.33°E / 10.66; 124.33 (Pacijan) Part of Camotes Islands group
Homonhon 105 km2
(41 sq mi)
4,211 10°45′21″N 125°44′21″E / 10.7558°N 125.7393°E / 10.7558; 125.7393 (Homonhon)
Babuyan Claro 100 km2
(39 sq mi)
1,423 19°31′20″N 121°57′13″E / 19.5222°N 121.9536°E / 19.5222; 121.9536 (Camiguin) [8] Part of the Babuyan Islands
Poro 96 km2
(37 sq mi)
36,508 10°40′20″N 124°27′22″E / 10.6721°N 124.4560°E / 10.6721; 124.4560 (Poro) Part of Camotes Islands group
Patnanongan 92 km2
(36 sq mi)
14,606 14°47′01″N 122°10′40″E / 14.7835°N 122.1779°E / 14.7835; 122.1779 (Patnanongan)
Panglao 91 km2
(35 sq mi)
79,216 9°36′N 123°49′E / 9.6°N 123.82°E / 9.6; 123.82 (Panglao) [11]
Pangutaran 90 km2
(35 sq mi)
30,613 6°16′41″N 120°32′52″E / 6.2780°N 120.5477°E / 6.2780; 120.5477 (Pangutaran)
A. ^ Rankings only provided for the first 40 largest islands. The list is incomplete, missing some islands with unknown or unreliable areas, making the rankings for smaller islands uncertain.

The following list breaks the islands down further by region and smaller island group for easier reference.

Luzon

Babuyan Group of Islands

Bacuit Group of Islands

Boats at Cadlao Island

Batanes Group of Islands

White sand beach at Sabtang island

Bicol Region

A view from Tinaga beach in Tinaga at sunset
Cauit Island overlooking from Cagsao, Calabanga, Camarines Sur

Cagayan Valley

The Cape Engaño Lighthouse at Cape Engaño, Palaui Island

Calamianes Islands

Catanduanes

Central Luzon

Grande Island

Cuyo Archipelago

Manamoc Island as seen from the north
The main beach on the southern shore of Pamalican

Ilocos Region

Manila Bay Islands

A 1941 map of Corregidor Island

Marinduque

Masbate

Metro Manila

A view of the southern side of Isla de Convalecencia from the Ayala Bridge over the Pasig River

Mindoro

Palawan

Cape Melville Lighthouse on the southern point of Balabac Island, circa 1892
Satellite image of Second Thomas Shoal (Ayungin Shoal), an island of the Spratly Islands group in the South China Sea

Polillo Islands

An aerial view of Polillo Island

Romblon

An aerial view of Sibuyan Island

Southern Tagalog

Mindanao

Caraga

Central Mindanao

Davao Region

Dinagat Islands

Northern Mindanao

Siargao

Sulu Archipelago

Panguan Island, The last island of the Sulu Archipelago nearest the Philippine-Malaysian border
Mardanas Island, officially known as Siluag
Panampangan Island, The island with the longest sandbar in the Philippines

Zamboanga Peninsula

Visayas

Biliran

Bohol

Cebu

An aerial view of Gato Island
  • Biyagayag Islands (Daku and Diot)
  • Botique Island (or Botigues, Batquis)
  • Botong Island
  • Doong Island
  • Hilutungan Island (or Hilotongan, Lutungan)
  • Hilantagaan Island (or Jicantangan, Cabalauan)
  • Lipayran Island
  • Moambuc Island (or Maamboc, Moamboc, Kangka Abong, Cangcabong)
  • Mambacayao Island (or Mambacayao Daku)
  • Mambacayao Gamay Island
  • Panitugan Island (or Banitugan)
  • Patao Island (or Polopolo)
  • Panangatang Island (or Pintagan)
  • Sagasay Islands (or Sagasa, Tagasa)
  • Silagon Island
  • Hilantagaan Diot (or Silion, Pulo Diyot (little island))
  • Yao Islet (or Mambacayao Diot)
Former islands

Guimaras

Leyte

Negros Island

Panay

Samar

Map

Major islands of the Philippines (clickable map)

Pilas IslandSibutu IslandManok Mangkaw IslandSimunul IslandTawitawi IslandSiasi IslandLugus IslandTapul IslandKamawi IslandPangutaran IslandJolo IslandTongkil IslandBasilan IslandOlutanga IslandBalut IslandSamal IslandMindanaoCagayan de Sulu IslandBalabac IslandRamos IslandMantangule IslandPandanan IslandBugsuk IslandPalawan IslandDumaran IslandMaytiguid IslandBatas IslandLinapacan IslandCulion IslandCoron IslandBusuangaBucas GrandeSiargaoDinagat IslandCamiguinSiquijorCuyo IslandPanayGuimarasNegros IslandBantayan IslandPanglao IslandCebuBoholLapinig IslandPacijan IslandPoro IslandPanaon IslandLeyteHomonhonBiliranDaram IslandSamar IslandTagapul-an IslandCapul IslandMasbate IslandSibay IslandSemimara IslandIlin IslandMindoroLubang IslandMaricaban IslandVerde IslandMarinduqueMaestre de CampoTablas IslandRomblon IslandSibuyan IslandBurias IslandTicao IslandRapu-Rapu IslandBatan IslandCagraray IslandSan Miguel IslandCatanduanesQuinalasag IslandAlabat IslandJomalig IslandPatnanungan IslandPolillo IslandCabarruyan IslandLuzonLuzonLuzonCamiguin Island (Cagayan)Fuga IslandDalupiri IslandCalayan IslandBabuyan IslandSabtangBatan IslandItbayat

See also

References

  1. ^ "Administrator Tiangco welcomes 2017". National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA). Retrieved November 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Mayuga, Jonathan (February 10, 2016). "Namria 'discovers' 400 previously 'unknown' PHL islands using IfSAR". BusinessMirror. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  3. ^ Magical Islands Archived July 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Philippine Tourism, retrieved 2012
  4. ^ "Islands by Land Area". Island Directory Tables. United Nations Environment Programme. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "2010 Philippine Yearbook" (PDF). Philippine Yearbook (23rd ed.). Manila, Philippines: National Statistics Office. ISSN 0116-1520. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  6. ^ "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
  7. ^ "Culion Island". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c Genevieve Broad; Carl Oliveros. "Biodiversity and conservation priority setting in the Babuyan Islands, Philippines" (PDF). The Technical Journal of Philippine Ecosystems and Natural Resources. 15 (1–2): 1–30. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  9. ^ "In Sabah: 13 missing seamen feared dead". Manila Standard. September 20, 1996. Retrieved September 24, 2023.
  10. ^ United States Coast Pilot: Palawan, Mindanao, and Sulu archipelago. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1930. p. 33. Retrieved September 24, 2023.
  11. ^ "Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) – Province: BOHOL". nap.psa.gov.ph. Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on April 18, 2018. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  12. ^ "Ten unusual islands for sale". Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on April 26, 2013.