Mimaropa
Southwestern Tagalog Region
Clockwise from the top: El Nido, Palawan, Mount Guiting-Guiting, Tamaraw Falls, Boac Cathedral, Coron Island
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
OpenStreetMap
Map
Coordinates: 10°40′N 119°30′E / 10.67°N 119.5°E / 10.67; 119.5
Country Philippines
Island groupLuzon
Regional centerCalapan (Oriental Mindoro)
Largest cityPuerto Princesa
Area
 • Total29,620.90 km2 (11,436.69 sq mi)
Highest elevation2,586 m (8,484 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Total3,228,558
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ISO 3166 codePH-41
Provinces
Cities
Municipalities71
Barangays1,460
Cong. districts7
Languages
GDP (2021)382 billion
$7 billion[2]
Growth rateIncrease (3.3%)[2]
HDIIncrease 0.673 (Medium)
HDI rank15th in the Philippines (2019)

Mimaropa (officially stylized in all caps), officially the Southwestern Tagalog Region[3][4] (Filipino: Rehiyong Timog-Kanlurang Tagalog), is an administrative region in the Philippines. It is one of two regions in the country having no land border with another region (the other being Eastern Visayas). The name is an acronym combination of its constituent provinces: Mindoro (divided into Occidental Mindoro and Oriental Mindoro), Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan.

The region was part of the now-defunct Southern Tagalog region until May 17, 2002.[5] On May 23, 2005, Palawan and the highly urbanized city of Puerto Princesa were moved to the region of Western Visayas by Executive Order No. 429.[6] However, on August 19, 2005, President Arroyo issued Administrative Order No. 129 to put in abeyance Executive Order No. 429 pending a review.[7] On July 17, 2016, Republic Act No. 10879 formally established the Southwestern Tagalog Region to be known as Mimaropa, discontinuing the Region IV-B designation; however, no boundary changes were involved.[3]

Calapan is Mimaropa's regional center.[8] However, most regional government offices such as the Department of Public Works and Highways[9] and the Department of Budget and Management are in Quezon City, Metro Manila.

History

Mimaropa, together with Calabarzon, were officially created with the partitioning of Southern Tagalog (Region IV) into the two regions on May 17, 2002, with the issuance of Executive Order No. 103 by then-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo; for the purpose of promoting efficiency in the government, accelerating social and economic development and improving public services in the provinces covered. Region IV-B was designated as Mimaropa, which stands for the island provinces belonging to the Southern Tagalog region—Mindoro (Oriental and Occidental), Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan. Region IV-A was designated as Calabarzon.[5] Marinduque was a sub-province of Quezon, at that time known as Tayabas; it became independent province in 1920. Quezon is now part of Calabarzon. Romblon was a sub-province of Capiz & was part of Western Visayas. When President Ferdinand Marcos enacted Presidential Decree No. 1, which organized the provinces into 11 regions as part of Marcos' Integrated Reorganization Plan,[10] Romblon was transferred from Western Visayas to Southern Tagalog.

On May 23, 2005, Executive Order 429 was issued, moving the province of Palawan to the region of Western Visayas,[6] designating Region IV-B as "Mimaro". However, Palawan residents criticized the move, citing a lack of consultation, with most residents in Puerto Princesa and nearly all municipalities preferring to stay with Region IV-B. Consequently, Administrative Order No. 129 was issued on August 19, 2005, to address this backlash. This order directed the abeyance of Executive Order 429 pending the approval of an implementation plan for the orderly transfer of Palawan from Mimaropa to Region VI.[7]

The 2010 Philippine Census of Population reported the region's name as "Mimaropa" and included Palawan as part of the region.[11] As of 2014, it is not clear whether the transfer of Palawan to Western Visayas is still considered pending by the Philippine government. As of 2014, the National Statistical Coordinating Board of the Philippines continued to list Palawan province as part of the Mimaropa region.[12][needs update]

On July 17, 2016, Republic Act No. 10879 formally established the Southwestern Tagalog Region to be known as the Mimaropa Region. This involved no boundary changes but was in effect merely a renaming and discontinuation of the "Region IV-B" designation.[3]

Demographics

Population census of Mimaropa
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 179,800—    
1918 262,462+2.55%
1939 406,377+2.10%
1948 468,619+1.60%
1960 722,227+3.67%
1970 1,020,222+3.51%
1975 1,219,609+3.64%
1980 1,408,040+2.91%
1990 1,774,074+2.34%
1995 2,033,271+2.59%
2000 2,299,229+2.67%
2007 2,559,791+1.49%
2010 2,744,671+2.57%
2015 2,963,360+1.47%
2020 3,228,558+1.70%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[1][13]

Languages

A view of Calapan as seen in December 2009

The native languages of Mimaropa are:

Economy

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In 2007, Mimaropa's economy surged by 9.4%, making it the fastest growing region in the country in that year.[20] It was aided by robust growth in the industrial sector which grew by 19.1% from -6.1% in 2006.[20] Mimaropa experienced a big slowdown in 2006, posting a decelerated growth of 2.3% from a 6.4% increase in 2005. This resulted mainly from the slump in the industry sector, which shrunk by 5.4% in 2006 from its 10.8% increase in 2005.

The agriculture, forestry, and fishing sector, which contributed 42.1% to the total regional economy, grew by 9.1% in 2006, accelerating from 3.2% the previous year. The higher production of rice, maize, other crops, livestock and fishery resulted in the accelerated growth in the total agriculture and fishery sector.

The industry sector, which contributed 38.3% to the region's total economy, was the second largest contributor next to agriculture. Its decline of 5.4% was largely attributed to the decrease in the mining and quarrying sub-sector, which went down by 15.4% due to the reduced production of natural gas in Palawan. Mining and quarrying contributed 16.6% to the total regional economy. The positive growth in the electricity and water, construction and manufacturing sub-sectors were not able to compensate to the drop in the mining and quarrying sub-sector.

The service sector, on the other hand, posted an accelerated growth of 5.1%, which was attributed to the increase in the TCS, finance, private services, government services and trade sub-sectors, which managed to post accelerated growths of 6.0%, 5.5%, 5.1%, 5.1% and 4.7%, respectively. The other sub-sector, however, had a decelerated growth due to the slowdown in the ownership of dwelling.

Tourism

There are many scenic spots in Mimaropa. Some of them are the Bathala Cave, Balanacan Bay, and Tres Reyes Islands in the province of Marinduque; White Island in Mindoro; Fort San Andres, Mount Guiting-Guiting, and Bonbon Beach in Romblon; and the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park and El Nido Marine Reserve Park in Palawan.

Administrative divisions

Provinces

Political map of Mimaropa

Mimaropa comprises 5 provinces, 1 highly urbanized city (Puerto Princesa), 1 component city (Calapan), 71 municipalities and 1,460 barangays.

Province or HUC Capital Population (2020)[21] Area Density Cities Muni. Barangay
km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Marinduque Boac 7.4% 239,207 952.58 367.79 250 650 0 6 218
Occidental Mindoro Mamburao 16.3% 525,354 5,865.70 2,264.76 90 230 0 11 164
Oriental Mindoro Calapan 28.1% 908,339 4,238.40 1,636.46 210 540 1 14 426
Palawan Puerto Princesa 29.1% 939,594 14,649.70 5,656.28 64 170 0 23 367
Romblon Romblon 9.6% 308,985 1,533.50 592.09 200 520 0 17 219
Puerto Princesa 9.5% 307,079 2,381.02 919.32 130 340 66
Total 3,228,558 29,620.90 11,436.69 110 280 2 71 1,460

 †  Puerto Princesa is a highly urbanized city pursuant to Presidential Proclamation No. 1264;[22] figures are excluded from Palawan.

Governors and vice governors

Province Image Governor Political Party Vice Governor
Presbitero J. Velasco, Jr. PDP–Laban Adeline Angeles
Eduardo Gadiano PFP Anecita Diana Apigo-Tayag
Humerlito Dolor PDP–Laban Ejay Falcon
Victorino Dennis M. Socrates PPPL Leoncio Nacasi Ola
Jose Riano PDP–Laban Armando Gutierrez

References

  1. ^ a b Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Gross Regional Domestic Product". openstat.psa.gov.ph. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Republic Act No. 10879 (July 17, 2016), An Act establishing the Southwestern Tagalog Region, to be known as the MIMAROPA Region, The Official Gazette, retrieved January 4, 2017
  4. ^ "Philippine Statistics Authority | Republic of the Philippines". Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Executive Order No. 103 (May 17, 2002), Dividing Region IV into Region IV-A and Region IV-B, Transferring the Province of Aurora to Region III and for Other Purposes, National Statistical Coordination Board, archived from the original on May 18, 2016, retrieved November 1, 2014
  6. ^ a b Executive Order No. 429 (May 23, 2005), Providing for the Reorganization of Administrative Region VI to Include the Province of Palawan and Puerto Princesa City, National Statistical Coordination Board, archived from the original on May 31, 2016, retrieved November 1, 2014
  7. ^ a b Administrative Order No. 129 (August 19, 2005), Directing the Department of the Interior and Local Government to Hold In Abeyance the Implementation of Executive Order No. 429 (s. 2005) Pending Its Submission of an Implementation Plan and Its Subsequent Approval by the Office of the President, National Statistical Coordination Board, archived from the original on February 19, 2006, retrieved March 22, 2011
  8. ^ Executive Order No. 682 (November 22, 2007), Designating Calapan City as the Regional Center of Region IV-B Otherwise Referred to as the MIMAROPA Region (PDF), The Official Gazette, retrieved December 3, 2023
  9. ^ "Region IV-B Directory: Regional Office Directory". Department of Public Works and Highways. Archived from the original on August 2, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  10. ^ "Reorginazing the Executive Branch of the National Government". Presidential Decree No. 1 of September 24, 1972. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
  11. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City, and Municipality : Region IVB - MIMAROPA: 1990, 2000, and 2010". 2010 Philippine Census of Population. Census.gov.ph. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012.
  12. ^ "Region: REGION IV-B (MIMAROPA)". National Statistical Coordinating Board of the Philippines. Archived from the original on August 2, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
  13. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  14. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  15. ^ "2009 Official Poverty Statistics of the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. February 8, 2011.
  16. ^ "Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence and Magnitude of Poor Population, by Region and Province: 1991, 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. August 27, 2016.
  17. ^ "Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence and Magnitude of Poor Population, by Region and Province: 1991, 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. August 27, 2016.
  18. ^ "Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence and Magnitude of Poor Population, by Region and Province: 1991, 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. August 27, 2016.
  19. ^ "Updated Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence and Magnitude of Poor Population with Measures of Precision, by Region and Province: 2015 and 2018". Philippine Statistics Authority. June 4, 2020.
  20. ^ a b "NSCB - 2007 Gross Regional Domestic Product". National Statistical Coordination Board. July 28, 2008. Archived from the original on April 20, 2009. Retrieved May 18, 2009.
  21. ^ Census of Population (2020). "Mimaropa". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  22. ^ "Puerto Princesa to hold plebiscite simultaneous with May 14 elections". Philippine Information Agency (Press release). April 27, 2007.