Calamian Tagbanwa
ᝦᝲᝨᝪᝯ, Tinagbanwa[1]
Native toPhilippines
RegionCalamian Islands
EthnicityTagbanwa people
Native speakers
10,000 (2007)[2]
Tagbanwa alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3tbk
Glottologcala1258

Calamian Tagbanwa is spoken in the Calamian Islands just north of Palawan Island, Philippines. It is not mutually intelligible with the other languages of the Tagbanwa people. Ethnologue reports that it is spoken in Busuanga, Coron, Culion, and Linapacan municipalities (Calamian and Linapacan island groups).

Dialects

Himes (2006)[3] considers there to be two distinct dialects.

Phonology

Consonants

Calamian Tagbanwa consonants[4]
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative β s ɣ
Lateral l
Rhotic ɾ~r
Approximant w j

Vowels

Calamian Tagbanwa vowels[4]
Front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Open a

Grammar

Pronouns

The following set of pronouns are the pronouns found in the Calamian Tagbanwa language. Note: the direct/nominative case is divided between full and short forms.

Calamian Tagbanwa pronouns[5]
  Direct/Nominative Indirect/Genitive Oblique
1st person singular yuu/yaku (aw) u yɨɨn/yakɨn
2nd person singular yawa (a) mu nuyu
3rd person singular tanya na anya
1st person plural inclusive ita ta yatɨn
1st person plural exclusive yami (ami) yamɨn yamɨn
2nd person plural yamu (amu) mi numyu
3rd person plural tanira nira nira

References

  1. ^ "Tagbanwa, Calamian". Ethnologue.
  2. ^ Calamian Tagbanwa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Himes, Ronald S. (2006). The Kalamian Microgroup of Philippine Languages (PDF). Paper presented at the Tenth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, 17–20 January 2006, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines.
  4. ^ a b Reid, Lawrence A. (1971). Philippine Minor Languages: Word Lists and Phonologies. University of Hawai'i Press. p. 42.
  5. ^ Ruch, J. Stephen; Quakenbush, Edward (2006). Pronoun Ordering and Marking in Kalamianic (PDF). Paper presented at the Tenth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, 17–20 January 2006, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines. Retrieved 27 May 2020.