Pakpak
Kata Pakpak
Native toIndonesia
RegionSumatra (northern)
EthnicityPakpak, Singkil
Native speakers
(1.2 million cited 1991)[1]
Batak
Language codes
ISO 639-3btd
Glottologbata1294

Pakpak, or Batak Dairi, is an Austronesian language of Sumatra. It is spoken in Dairi Regency, Pakpak Bharat Regency, Parlilitan district of Humbang Hasundutan Regency, Manduamas district of Central Tapanuli Regency, and Subulussalam and Aceh Singkil Regency.

Dairi Batak syllables in Batak script.
Dairi Batak syllables in Batak script.

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive/
Affricate
voiceless p t k
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative s h
Trill r
Lateral l
Semivowel w j

Vowels

Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e ə o
Open a

References

  1. ^ Pakpak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Simbolon, Apul; Tinambunan, Raman; Pardede, Bertha (1978). Fonologi bahasa Batak Dairi. Medan: Proyek Penelitian Institut Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan.

Further reading