Northern Mindoro
North Mangyan
Linguistic classificationAustronesian

The Northern Mindoro (North Mangyan) languages are one of two small clusters of languages spoken by the Mangyan people of Mindoro Island in the Philippines.[1]

The languages are Alangan, Iraya, and Tadyawan.

There is some evidence that points at a closer relationship of the Northern Mindoro languages with the Central Luzon languages. Both branches share the phonological innovation Proto-Austronesian *R > /y/ and some common lexical items such as *ʔakit 'to see', *dimla 'cold'.[1][2][3]

See also


  1. ^ a b Zorc, R. David (1974). "Internal and External Relationships of the Mangyan Languages". Oceanic Linguistics. 13 (1/2): 561–600. doi:10.2307/3622753. JSTOR 3622753.
  2. ^ Himes, Ronald S. (2012). "The Central Luzon Group of Languages". Oceanic Linguistics. 51 (2): 490–537. doi:10.1353/ol.2012.0013. JSTOR 23321866. S2CID 143589926.
  3. ^ Reid, Lawrence A. (2017). "A Re-evaluation of the position of Iraya among Philippine languages" (PDF). In Liao, Hsiu-chuan (ed.). Issues in Historical Linguistics. JSEALS Special Publication 1. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press. pp. 23–47. hdl:10524/52405.

Further reading

  • Barbian, Karl-Josef. 1977. The Mangyan languages of Mindoro. Cebu City: University of San Carlos.
  • Barbian, Karl-Josef. 1977. English-Mangyan vocabulary. Cebu City: University of San Carlos.
  • Zorc, R. David. 1972. Alangan notes.
  • Zorc, R. David. 1972. Iraya notes.
  • Zorc, R. David. 1972. Tadyawan (Pola) notes.
  • Zorc, R. David. 1972. Victoria (Tadyawan) notes.