Sabah, Borneo
Linguistic classificationAustronesian
Glottolognort3172  (Northeast Sabahan)
sout3154  (Southwest Sabahan)

The Sabahan languages are a group of Austronesian languages centered on the Bornean province of Sabah.


Blust (2010)

The constituents are separated into two families in Blust (2010):

Northeast Sabahan
Southwest Sabahan

Lobel (2013)

Lobel (2013b, p. 47, 361) proposes the following internal classification of Southwest Sabahan, based on phonological and morphological evidence.[1]

Lobel (2013:367–368) lists the following Proto-Southwest Sabahan phonological innovations that were developed from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian. (Note: PSWSAB stands for Proto-Southwest Sabahan, while PMP stands for Proto-Malayo-Polynesian.)

Smith (2017)

Smith (2017)[2] proposes a North Borneo group comprising the North Sarawak, Northeast Sabah, and Southwest Sabah branches.


  1. ^ Lobel (2013), pp. 36–68
  2. ^ Smith, Alexander (2017). The Languages of Borneo: A Comprehensive Classification (PDF) (Ph.D. dissertation). University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.