Mapos
Central Buang
Native toPapua New Guinea
RegionMorobe Province
Native speakers
10,500 (2000)[1]
30% monolingual (2000?)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bzh
Glottologmapo1242

Mapos Buang, also known as Mapos or Central Buang, is an Oceanic language in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.

Phonology

Mapos Buang has a larger sound inventory than is typical of most Austronesian languages.[citation needed] Notable is the existence of a phonemic contrast between a velar nasal and a uvular nasal, which is extremely rare among the world's languages. Along with this, its phonology is unusually symmetrical compared to most other languages.

Vowels

Front Central Back
High i(ː) u(ː)
Mid e(ː) (ə)* o(ː)
Low ɛ(ː) a(ː) ɔ(ː)

* [ə] is a prominent feature of Buang phonology, but is not contrastive.

Consonants

Bilabial Coronal Post-alv./
Palatal
Velar Labio-
velar
Uvular
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ ŋʷ ɴ
(prenasalized)
Occlusive
ᵐb ⁿd ⁿdʒ ᵑɡ ᵑɡʷ ᶰɢ
p t k q
Continuant β j ɣ w* ʁ
Liquid l~ɽ

*/w/ is a bilabial approximant or semivowel with no co-articulated velar component. It is placed in the labio-velar series of the chart as it fills a gap in this position. /β/ is a voiced bilabial fricative.

References

  1. ^ Mapos at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Mapos Buang language at Ethnologue (15th ed., 2005)