Batak
Palawan Batak
Native toPhilippines
RegionPalawan
Ethnicity2,040 (1990 census)[1]
Native speakers
200 (2000)[1]
Tagbanwa script
Language codes
ISO 639-3bya
Glottologbata1301
ELPBatak

Batak is an Austronesian language spoken by the Batak people on Palawan Island in the Philippines. It is sometimes disambiguated from the Batak languages as Palawan Batak.

Batak is spoken in the communities of Babuyan, Maoyon, Tanabag, Langogan, Tagnipa, Caramay, and Buayan. Surrounding languages include Southern Tagbanwa, Central Tagbanwa, Kuyonon, and Agutaynen.[2]

Phonology

Consonants[3]
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative s
Lateral l
Rhotic ɾ~r
Approximant w j
Vowels[3]
Front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Open a

Pronouns

Personal pronouns[4]
nominative genitive oblique
enclitic preposed
1.sg. aku ku akɨn kanakɨn
2.sg. ikaw/ka mu imu kanimu
3.sg. kanya ya kanya kanya
1.pl.dual kita/ta ta atɨn kanatɨn
1.pl.incl. tami tami atɨn kanatɨn
1.pl.excl. kami men amɨn kanamɨn
2.pl. kamu mi imyu kanimyu
3.pl. sira sira sira kanira

References

  1. ^ a b Batak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Lobel, Jason (2013). Philippine and North Bornean Llanguages: Issues in Description, Subgrouping, and Reconstruction (PDF) (PhD thesis). University of Hawaiʻi. p. 87.
  3. ^ a b Reid, Lawrence A. (1971). Philippine Minor Languages: Word Lists and Phonologies. University of Hawai'i Press. p. 4.
  4. ^ Morey, Virginia (1961). "Some particles and pronouns in Batak". Philippine Journal of Science. 90: 263–70.