Kendayan
Kanayatn, Salako
Native toIndonesia, Malaysia
RegionBorneo
Native speakers
330,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3knx
Glottologkend1254

Kendayan, or Salako (Selako), is a Malayic Dayak language of Borneo. The exact number of speakers remains unknown, but is estimated to be around 350,000.[2]

The name Kendayan is preferred in Kalimantan, and Salako in Sarawak. It is sometimes referred to as Bahasa Badameà, particularly in Bengkayang Regency and the areas near Singkawang City.[3] Other dialects of Kendayan include Ahe, Banana and Belangin. Speakers of any of the dialects can understand speakers of any of the others.

Language context

A speaker of Bedamea.
A speaker of Bedamea.

Salako is spoken in Sarawak and West Kalimantan.[3] There are speakers in Sambas and Bengkayang Regencies and in Singkawang. Other dialects are spoken in the Pontianak, Bengkawang and Landak Regencies of West Kalimantan.

It is said that Singkawang in southern Sambas is the place of origin of Salako speakers.

Dialects spoken in West Kalimantan have been influenced by the Indonesian, which is the national language of Indonesia. This is the language used in official contexts, schools, the media and in church.[3] In Sarawak, the influence of Malay has been less significant, as it became the national language more recently.[3]

Kendayan is a vital language that is used in the community and at home. The Ahe variety is also spoken as a lingua franca among Dayak speakers.[3] However, younger speakers are typically educated through Indonesian away from the villages, which could affect language vitality in the future.[3]

Comparison with other neighbouring languages

English Malay-Indonesian Kanayatn Belangin/Balangin Banjarese Ngaju Bakumpai
that yang nang nang nang
old tua tuha tua tuha bakas bakas
people orang urakng urak; uhak urang bara bara
quiet (adjective) diam/sunyi/senyap diapm diap diam
woman / female perempuan bini mbini bibini bawi bawi
hometown kampung halaman binua binua banua lewu lebu
face muka muha muá muha
one satu asa satu asa ije ije
two dua dua dua dua due due
three tiga talu tege talu telo telo
single (relationship status) bujang bujakng bujak bujangan
shy malu supantn'/ supe malu supan
village kampung kampokng kampong kampung
bride pengantin panganten penganten panganten
bald botak/gundul pala' botak longor
stupid bodoh baga mangkak; baga bungul
drunk mabuk kamabuk mabu'k
swimming berenang ngunanang benanang; nyon'yong bakunyung / bananang

References

  1. ^ Kendayan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Thomas, Joseph, J. B. Mangunsudarsono, Hery Suryatman and Abdussamad. 1985. Morfologi kata kerja bahasa Kendayan. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa (Departmenen Pedidikan dan Kebudayan)
  3. ^ a b c d e f Adelaar (2005)

Further reading