This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (November 2021) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 8,997 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Chuukesische Sprache]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Chuukesische Sprache)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Native toFederated States of Micronesia
Native speakers
51,330 (2000 census)[1]
Latin script
Official status
Official language in
 Federated States of Micronesia
Language codes
ISO 639-2chk
ISO 639-3chk
Chuukese translation of the Book of Mormon
Chuukese translation of the Book of Mormon

Chuukese /ˈkz/, also rendered Trukese /trʌˈkz/,[2] is a Chuukic language of the Austronesian language family spoken primarily on the islands of Chuuk in the Caroline Islands in Micronesia. There are communities of speakers on Pohnpei, Guam, and the Hawaiian Islands as well. Estimates show that there are about 45,900 speakers in Micronesia.[1]


Chuukese has the unusual feature of permitting word-initial geminate (double) consonants. The common ancestor of Western Micronesian languages is believed to have had this feature, but most of its modern descendants have lost it.[3]

Truk and Chuuk are a difference in orthography, and both older tr and current ch transcribe the sound [ʈʂ].

Chuukese consonants
Labial Alveolar Postalveolar/
plain lab.
Nasal plain m n ŋ
tense mːʷ ŋː
Stop/Affricate p t ʈʂ k
Fricative plain f s
Trill r
Approximant w l j

Consonants are doubled in Chuuk when they have a voiceless sound. Some consonant combinations are frequently denasalized between vowels when doubled.[4][5]

Chuukese vowels
Front Central Back
High i ɯ u
Mid ɛ ʌ o
Low æ a ɔ

/ɯ/ can be heard as either back [ɯ] or central [ɨ].


  1. ^ a b Chuukese at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh
  3. ^ "Reflexes of initial gemination in Western Micronesian languages" (PDF). University of California, Los Angeles. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2005.
  4. ^ Goodenough, Sugita, Ward H., Hiroshi (1990). Trukese-English Dictionary Pwpwuken Tettenin Fóós: Chuuk-Ingenes.
  5. ^ Yunick, Stanley (2000). Linguistics, TESL, and language planning in Micronesia. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences, Volume 30, Number 1: University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. pp. 194–195.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location (link)