Native toPhilippines
EthnicityAti people
Native speakers
(1,500 cited 1980)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3atk
ELPAti (Philippines)

Ati (Inati), or Binisaya nga Inati, is an Austronesian language of the island of Panay in the Philippines. The variety spoken in northern Panay is also called Sogodnin.[2] The Ati people also speak Kinaray-a and Hiligaynon.


Pennoyer (1987) and Reid (2013) consider Inati to be an isolate within the Philippine languages. It differs markedly from the Visayan languages and has many features not found in the Central Philippine languages.

Inati shows some unique sound changes.[3]

Distribution and dialects

Lobel (2013:75) lists the following Ati communities in the Philippines, with populations given in parentheses:

Baruah (2000) lists the following locations:

Pennoyer (1987) reports that Sogodnin is spoken by a few remaining speakers in Cogon, Malay (whose ancestors had moved from interior Sabang to Bakirohan to Cogon), and on Carabao and Boracay islands.

Ethnologue reports two dialects for Ati:[4]

Malay (not to be confused with Malay, Malaysia.) and Barotac Viejo Nagpana. Ethnologue states that Barotac Viejo Nagpana is the prestige dialect.[4]


Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p b t d () () k g ʔ
Fricative s (ʃ) (h)
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant w l, (r) j
Front Central Back
High i ɨ
Mid e o
Low a


  1. ^ Ati at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c Pennoyer (1987)
  3. ^ Reid (2013)
  4. ^ a b Ati at Ethnologue.

Works cited

  • Baruah, Karabi (2000). "A Forgotten People: The Ati Community of Aklan". Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society. 28 (3): 301–316. JSTOR 29792465.
  • Lobel, Jason William (2013). Philippine and North Bornean Languages: Issues in Description, Subgrouping, and Reconstruction (PDF) (Ph.D. thesis). University of Hawai'i at Manoa. hdl:10125/101972.
  • Reid, Lawrence (2013). "Who Are the Philippine Negritos? Evidence from Language". Human Biology. 85 (1). Article 15. doi:10.3378/027.085.0316. PMID 24297232. S2CID 8341240.
  • Pennoyer, Douglas F. (1987). "Inati: the Hidden Negrito Language of Panay, Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Journal of Linguistics. 18/19: 1–36.
Additional resources