Voiced bilabial plosive
b
IPA Number102
Encoding
Entity (decimal)b
Unicode (hex)U+0062
X-SAMPAb
Braille
⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
Audio sample

The voiced bilabial plosive or stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨b⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b. The voiced bilabial stop occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letter ⟨b⟩ in obey [obeɪ] (obeI).

Features

Voiced bilabial plosive.svg

Features of the voiced bilabial stop:

Varieties

IPA Description
b plain b
labialised
b̜ʷ semi-labialised
b̹ʷ strongly labialised
palatalised
breathy voiced
velarised

Occurrence

This section should specify the language of its non-English content, using ((lang)), ((transliteration)) for transliterated languages, and ((IPA)) for phonetic transcriptions, with an appropriate ISO 639 code. Wikipedia's multilingual support templates may also be used. See why. (June 2022)
Occurrence of [b] in several languages
Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe бгъу / bġ° [bʁʷə]  'nine'
Arabic Standard[1] باب / baab / bāb [baːb] 'door' See Arabic phonology
Assyrian ܒܒܐ baba [baːba] 'father'
Armenian Eastern[2] բարի/bari [bɑˈɾi]  'kind'
Basque bero [beɾo] 'hot'
Bengali লো / balo [bɔlo] 'say!' Contrasts with aspirated form. See Bengali phonology
Catalan[3] bell [ˈbeʎ] 'beautiful' See Catalan phonology
Chechen борз / borz [borz] 'wolf'
Chinese Southern Min / ban [ban] 'Fujian province' Only in colloquial speech.
Wu / bi [bi] 'skin'
Xiang / baw [bau] 'to float'
Czech bota [ˈbota] 'boot' See Czech phonology
Dutch[4] boer [buːr] 'farmer' See Dutch phonology
English aback [əˈbæk] 'aback' See English phonology
Esperanto batalo [baˈtalo] 'war' See Esperanto phonology
Filipino buto [buto] 'bone'
French[5] boue [bu] 'mud' See French phonology
Georgian[6] ავშვი / bavšvi [ˈbavʃvi] 'child'
German aber [ˈäːbɐ] 'but' See Standard German phonology
Greek μπόχα / bócha [ˈbo̞xa] 'reek' See Modern Greek phonology
Gujarati ક્રી / bakri [bəkri] 'goat' See Gujarati phonology
Hebrew בית / báyit [bajit] 'house' See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindustani Hindi बाल / bāl [bäːl] 'hair' Contrasts with aspirated version /bʱ/. See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Urdu بال / bāl
Hungarian baba [ˈbɒbɒ] 'baby' See Hungarian phonology
Italian[7] bile [ˈbile] 'rage' See Italian phonology
Japanese[8] / ban [baɴ] '(one's) turn' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian бгъуы/bg"uy [bʁʷə]  'nine'
Korean 지붕 / jibung [t͡ɕibuŋ] 'roof' See Korean phonology
Kurdish Northern bav [bɑːv] 'father' See Kurdish phonology
Central باوک/bâwk [bɑːwk]
Southern باوگ/bâwig [bɑːwɨg]
Luxembourgish[9] geblosen [ɡ̊əˈbloːzən] 'blown' More often voiceless [p].[9] See Luxembourgish phonology
Macedonian убав/ubav [ˈubav] 'beautiful' See Macedonian phonology
Malay baru [bäru] 'new'
Maltese għatba [aːtˈba] 'threshold'
Marathi टाटा / baṭāṭā [bəˈʈaːʈaː] 'potato' See Marathi phonology
Nepali बाटो / bāṭo [bäʈo] 'path' See Nepali phonology
Norwegian bål [ˈbɔːl] 'bonfire' See Norwegian phonology
Odia ବା/barô [bärɔ] 'twelve' Contrasts with aspirated form.
Persian خوب/ xub [xub] 'good' See Persian phonology
Pirahã pibaóí [ˈpìbàóí̯] 'parent'
Polish[10] bas [bäs]  'bass' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[11] bato [ˈbatu] 'I strike' See Portuguese phonology
Punjabi ਬਿੱਲੀ/billī [bɪlːi] 'cat'
Romanian[12] bou [bow] 'bull' See Romanian phonology.
Russian[13] рыба / ryba [ˈrɨbə] 'fish' Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian[14] биће / biće [bǐːt͡ɕě] 'being' See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovak b [bi̞tɕ] 'to be'
Spanish[15] invertir [ĩmbe̞ɾˈt̪iɾ] 'to invest' See Spanish phonology
Swedish bra [ˈbɾɑː] 'good' May be an approximant in casual speech. See Swedish phonology
Thai ัด / bam-bàt [bam.bat̚] 'therapy' See Thai phonology
Turkish bulut [ˈbuɫut̪] 'cloud' See Turkish phonology
Tyap bai [bai] 'to come'
Ukrainian[16] брат / brat [brɑt̪] 'brother' See Ukrainian phonology
Welsh mab [mɑːb] 'son' See Welsh phonology
West Frisian bak [bak] 'tray'
Yi / bbo [bo˧] 'mountain'
Zapotec Tilquiapan[17] bald [bald] 'few'

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Thelwall (1990:37)
  2. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:13)
  3. ^ Carbonell & Llisterri (1992:53)
  4. ^ Gussenhoven (1992:45)
  5. ^ Fougeron & Smith (1993:73)
  6. ^ Shosted & Chikovani (2006:255)
  7. ^ Rogers & d'Arcangeli (2004:117)
  8. ^ Okada (1999:117)
  9. ^ a b Gilles & Trouvain (2013), pp. 67–68.
  10. ^ Jassem (2003:103)
  11. ^ Cruz-Ferreira (1995:91)
  12. ^ DEX Online : [1]
  13. ^ Padgett (2003:42)
  14. ^ Landau et al. (1999), p. 66.
  15. ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:255)
  16. ^ Danyenko & Vakulenko (1995), p. 4.
  17. ^ Merrill (2008:108)

References