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Voiceless epiglottal affricate
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The voiceless epiglottal affricate ([ʡ͡ʜ] in IPA) is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as an epiglottal stop [ʡ] and released as a voiceless epiglottal fricative [ʜ]. It has not been reported to occur phonemically in any language.


Features of the voiceless epiglottal affricate:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Haida Hydaburg dialect[1] [example needed] May be a stop [ʡ] or voiced [ʡ͡ʢ] instead.[1]


  1. ^ a b Mithun (2001), p. 18.


  • Mithun, Marianne (2001). The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052129875X.