Voiced retroflex lateral affricate
Audio sample

The voiced retroflex lateral affricate is a rare consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is ɖ͡ɭ˔ or (implied) ɖ͡𝼅; the latter is also extIPA.


Features of the voiceless retroflex lateral affricate:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Kamkata-viri[1] Kamviri dialect uḍl′oa- [uˈɖ𝼅oː] to drive away Apical post-alveolar. Phonemically a sequence /ɖl/.[1]
Bhadarwahi[2] Bhalesi, Bhadrawahi dialects haiḍḷ [haiɖ͡𝼅] "turmeric" From old /Cr/ clusters. Contrasts /ʈ͡ꞎ ɖ͡𝼅 ɖ͡𝼅ʱ/[2]


  1. ^ a b Strand, Richard F. (2010). "Nurestâni Languages". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  2. ^ a b Masica (1991). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge University Press. p. 210. ISBN 9780521299442.