|Voiced velar lateral approximant|
The voiced velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used as a distinct consonant in a very small number of spoken languages in the world. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʟ⟩ a small capital version of the Latin letter l (since 1989), and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is
The velar laterals of the world often involve a prestopped realization [ɡ͡ʟ].
Features of the voiced velar lateral approximant:
The velar lateral [ʟ] involves no contact of the tip of the tongue with the roof of the mouth: just like for the velar stop [ɡ], the only contact takes place between the back of the tongue and the velum. This contrasts with the velarized alveolar lateral approximant [ɫ] – also known as the dark l in English feel [fiːɫ] – for which the apex touches the alveolar ridge.
|English||Southern US||middle||[ˈmɪɾʟ̩]||'middle'||May occur before or after a velar consonant, as in milk and cycle, when assimilating /ʊ/, as in wolf, or before labial consonants, as in help. See English phonology|
|Hiw||r̄evr̄ov||[ɡ͡ʟəβɡ͡ʟɔβ]||'evening'||Realized as prestopped [ɡ͡ʟ].|
|Melpa||paⱡa||[paʟa]||'fence'||Realized as prestopped [ɡ͡ʟ].|
|Mid-Wahgi||aglagle||[aʟaʟe]||'dizzy'||Realized as prestopped [ɡ͡ʟ].|