Epiglottal plosive
(pharyngeal plosive)
IPA Number173
Audio sample
Entity (decimal)ʡ
Unicode (hex)U+02A1
Braille⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)

The epiglottal or pharyngeal plosive (or stop) is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʡ.

Epiglottal and pharyngeal consonants occur at the same place of articulation. Esling (2010) describes the sound covered by the term "epiglottal plosive" as an "active closure by the aryepiglottic pharyngeal stricture mechanism" – that is, a stop produced by the aryepiglottic folds within the pharynx.[1]


The epiglottis is labelled as "12" in this diagram.

Features of the epiglottal stop:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Amis 'u'ul [ʡuʡuɺ̠ᵊ] 'fog' May have a trilled release, ʢ].
Archi[2] гӀарз/g'arz [ʡarz] 'complaint'
Dahalo[3] [tɬʼaːʡa] 'lake'
Haida Northern dialects antl [ʡʌntɬ] 'water' Corresponds to /q/ in southern dialects.
Ingush[4] Ӏам/wam [ʡam] 'lake, pond' Also represented with "Ӏ" in the Cyrillic orthography.

See also


  1. ^ John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. ^ "The Archi Language Tutorial" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  3. ^ Maddieson et al. (1993:27, 30, 33)
  4. ^ Nichols, Johanna (2011). Ingush grammar (1st ed.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-09877-0. OCLC 468975855.