|Voiceless palatal lateral fricative|
|Voiceless palatal lateral approximant|
|IPA Number||157 402A|
The voiceless palatal lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a few spoken languages.
This sound is somewhat rare; Dahalo has both a palatal lateral fricative and an affricate; Hadza has a series of palatal lateral affricates. In Bura, it is the realization of palatalized /ɬʲ/ and contrasts with [ʎ].
The extensions to the IPA transcribes this sound with the letter ⟨⟩ (⟨ʎ⟩ with a belt, analogous to ⟨ɬ⟩ for the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative), which was added to Unicode in 2021.
If distinction is necessary, the voiceless alveolo-palatal lateral fricative may be transcribed as ⟨ɬ̠ʲ⟩ (retracted and palatalized ⟨ɬ⟩) or as advanced ⟨̟⟩; these are essentially equivalent, since the contact includes both the blade and body (but not the tip) of the tongue. The equivalent X-SAMPA symbols are
L_0_+_r, respectively. A non-IPA letter ⟨ȴ̊˔⟩ (devoiced and raised ⟨ȴ⟩, which is an ordinary "l", plus the curl found in the symbols for alveolo-palatal sibilant fricatives ⟨ɕ, ʑ⟩) can be used.
Some scholars also posit a voiceless palatal lateral approximant distinct from the fricative. The approximant may be represented in the IPA as ⟨ʎ̥⟩.
Features of the voiceless palatal lateral fricative:
|Bura||[example needed]||Contrasts with [ɬ] and [ɮ].|
|Dahalo||[aːbu]||'leaf'||Contrasts with [ɬ] and [ɬʷ]|
|Faroese||kjálki||[ˈt͡ʃʰaʎ̥t͡ʃɪ]||'jaw'||Allophone of /l/. See Faroese phonology|
|Inupiaq||sikł̣aq||[sik̟ɑq]||'pickaxe'||Alveolo-palatal; also described as an approximant. Contrasts with voiceless /ɬ/ and voiced /ʎ/ and /l/.|
|nuiŋił̣ł̣uni||[nuiŋi̟ːuni]||'because it did not appear'|
|Kumeyaay||kałyəxwiiw||[kɑəxʷeːw]||'skunk'||Rare in word-initial position. Contrasts with voiceless /ɬ/ and voiced /ʎ/ and /l/.|
|Norwegian||Trondheim subdialect of Trøndersk||alt||[ɑʎ̥c]||'everything, all'||Allophone of /ʎ/ before /c/. See Norwegian phonology|
|Some subdialects of Trøndersk||tatle||[tɑʎ̥]||'acting silly'||According to some scholars, it is a phoneme that contrasts with /ʎ/ (as in /tɑʎ/ 'softwood'.) See Norwegian phonology|
|Turkish||dil||[ˈd̪il̠̊ʲ]||'tongue'||Devoiced allophone of alveolo-palatal /l/, frequent finally and before voiceless consonants. See Turkish phonology|
|Xumi||Lower||[ʎ̥˖o˦]||'spirit'||Described as an approximant. Alveolo-palatal; contrasts with the voiced /ʎ/.|