Voiceless bidental fricative

The voiceless bidental fricative is a rare consonantal sound. The only natural language known to use it is the Shapsug dialect of Adyghe, where it appears as a variant of /x/.[1][2]

People with hypoglossia (abnormally small tongue) may use it for target /s/.


Features of the voiceless bidental fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe Black Sea (Shapsug) dialect[1][2] дахэ [daːh̪͆a] 'pretty' Corresponds to [x] in other dialects.

See also


  1. ^ a b Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 144–145. ISBN 978-0-631-19815-4.
  2. ^ a b Trask, R. L. (2004-08-02). A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-83101-2.