Voiceless pharyngeal trill
(voiceless epiglottal fricative)
ʜ
IPA Number172
Audio sample
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ʜ
Unicode (hex)U+029C
X-SAMPAH\
Braille
⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)
⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)

The voiceless epiglottal or pharyngeal trill, or voiceless epiglottal fricative,[1] is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʜ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is H\.

The glyph is homoglyphic with the lowercase Cyrillic letter En (н).

Features

Features of the voiceless epiglottal trill/fricative:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Agul[2] мехӏ [mɛʜ] 'whey'
Arabic[3] Iraqi[4] حَي [ʜaj] 'alive' Corresponds to /ħ/ (ح) in Standard Arabic. See Arabic phonology
Chechen хьо [ʜʷɔ] 'you'
Dahalo [ʜaːɗo] 'arrow'
Haida ants [ʜʌnt͡s] 'shadow'
Somali[5] xoor [ʜoːɾ] 'bubble' Realization of /ħ/ for some speakers.[5] See Somali phonology

See also

Notes

  1. ^ John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. ^ Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:167–168)
  3. ^ Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:167–168)
  4. ^ Zeki Hassan, John Esling, Scott Moisik, & lise Crevier-Buchman (2011) "Aryepiglottic trilled variants of /ʕ, ħ/ in Iraqi Arabic". Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (pp. 831–834), Hong Kong.
  5. ^ a b Gabbard, Kevin M. (2010). A Phonological Analysis of Somali and the Guttural Consonants (PDF) (BA Linguistics Honors Thesis). The Ohio State University. p. 14.

References

  • Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996), The sounds of the World's Languages, Oxford: Blackwell, ISBN 0-631-19815-6