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Voiceless uvular trill
IPA Number123 402A
Audio sample

The voiceless uvular trill is a type of consonantal sound, used in some dialects of some spoken languages. It is less common than its voiced counterpart.


Features of the voiceless uvular trill:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Baïnounk Gubëeher Some speakers[1] [example needed] Word-final allophone of /ɾ/.
French Belgian[2] triste [t̪ʀ̥is̪t̪œ] 'sad' Allophone of /ʁ/ after voiceless consonants; can be a fricative [χ] instead.[2] See French phonology
German Standard[3] treten [ˈtʀ̥eːtn̩] 'to step' Possible allophone of /r/ after voiceless consonants for speakers that realize /r/ as a uvular trill [ʀ].[3] See Standard German phonology
Chemnitz dialect[4] Rock [ʀ̥ɔkʰ] 'skirt' In free variation with [ʁ̞], [ʁ], [χ] and [q]. Does not occur in the coda.[4]
Limburgish Hasselt dialect[5] geer [ɣeːʀ̥] 'odour' Possible word-final allophone of /ʀ/; may be alveolar [] instead.[6] See Hasselt dialect phonology
Spanish Ponce dialect[7][full citation needed] perro [ˈpe̞ʀ̥o̞] 'dog' This and [χ] are the primary realizations of /r/ in this dialect.[7] See Spanish phonology

See also


  1. ^ Cobbinah (2013), p. 166.
  2. ^ a b Demolin (2001), pp. 65, 67–68, 70–71.
  3. ^ a b Krech et al. (2009), p. 86.
  4. ^ a b Khan & Weise (2013), p. 235.
  5. ^ Peters (2006).
  6. ^ While Peters (2006) does not state that explicitly, he uses the symbol ⟨⟩ for many instances of the word-final /r/.
  7. ^ a b "The Spanish of Ponce, Puerto Rico: A phonetic, phonological, and intonational analysis".