Linguistic classificationAustronesian
The Indonesian island of Sumba, where the Sumba languages are spoken

The Sumba languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian language family, spoken on Sumba, an island in eastern Indonesia.[1][2] They are closely related to the Hawu–Dhao languages.[3]


A preliminary internal classification by Asplund (2010) recognizes three branches of the Sumba languages:[2][4]


  1. ^ Lansing, J. S.; Cox, M. P.; Downey, S. S.; Gabler, B. M.; Hallmark, B.; Karafet, T. M.; Norquest, P.; Schoenfelder, J. W.; Sudoyo, H.; Watkins, J. C.; Hammer, M. F. (2007). "Coevolution of languages and genes on the island of Sumba, eastern Indonesia". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104 (41): 16022–16026. Bibcode:2007PNAS..10416022L. doi:10.1073/pnas.0704451104. PMC 2042155. PMID 17913885.
  2. ^ a b Asplund, Leif (2010). The Languages of Sumba. Paper presented at the East Nusantara Conference in Kupang.
  3. ^ Blust, Robert (2008). "Is There a Bima-Sumba Subgroup?". Oceanic Linguistics. 47 (1): 45–113. doi:10.1353/ol.0.0006. JSTOR 20172340. S2CID 144311741.
  4. ^ Verdizade, Allahverdi (2019). Selected topics in the phonology and morphosyntax of Laboya: A field study (MA thesis). Stockholm University.

Further reading

  • Lovestrand, Joey (2021). "Languages of Sumba: State of the field". NUSA. 70: 39–60. doi:10.15026/100089.