Nemi
Native toHienghène, New Caledonia
Native speakers
910 (2009 census)[1]
Austronesian
Language codes
ISO 639-3nem
Glottolognemi1240
ELPNemi

The Nemi language is a Kanak language spoken by 320 people in the north of New Caledonia, in the commune of Hienghène. Dialects include Ouanga, Ouélis, and Kavatch.[2]

Sample audio of spoken Nemi (intro and last part are French)





Phonology

Nemi features labiovelarized plosives and voiceless nasals.[3]

Consonants
Bilabial Labiovelar Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasals voiced m mʷˠ n ɲ ŋ
voiceless m̥ʷˠ ɲ̥ ŋ̥
Stops tenuis p pʷˠ t c k
aspirated pʷˠʰ
prenasalized ᵐp ᵐpʷˠ ⁿt ᶮc ᵑk
postnasalized pᵐ pʷˠᵐ tⁿ cᶮ kᵑ
Continuants voiced v w (l) j h
voiceless f
nasal w̥̃

Vowels in Nemi have a two way length distinction.

Vowels
Front Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a

References

  1. ^ Nemi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Isabelle Bril, Françoise Ozanne-Rivierre, Complex Predicates in Oceanic Languages: Studies in the Dynamics of Binding and Boundness (2012), p. 389.
  3. ^ Rivierre, Françoise. 1975. Phonologie du némi (Nouvelle-Calédonie) et notes sur les consonnes postnasalisées. Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 70. 345-356.

Bibliography