Bashiic, Ivatanic
Batanes and Orchid Island
Linguistic classificationAustronesian
Geographic distribution of the Batanic languages

The Batanic languages (sometimes also called Bashiic or Ivatanic) are a dialect cluster of the Austronesian language family. They are spoken on Babuyan Island, just north of Luzon; three of the Batanes Islands, between the Philippines and Taiwan; and on Orchid Island of southern Taiwan.

The varieties in the Philippines are called Ivatan (also spelled Ibatan), or are named Babuyan, Batan, or Itbayat after their islands, while the variety of Taiwan is called Yami or Tao.

Proto-Batanic has been reconstructed by Yang (2002).[1]


Malcolm Ross (2005) and Roger Blench (2015) list four languages:[2][3]

Moriguchi (1983) classifies the Batanic languages as follows.[4]

According to Paul Jen-kuei Li (2000),[5] Yami is most closely related to Itbayat. Among the Batanic languages, Iraralay is the most conservative.[5]

The Batanic languages are frequently included with the Philippine languages. However, there is no full consensus on this, and some consider them a primary branch of the Malayo-Polynesian languages.[2] Blench concludes that Batanic languages have been splitting from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian for a long time and contain many roots which are not standard Austronesian. The relationship between Batanic and Northern Luzon languages is still uncertain.[3]


  1. ^ Yang, Doris Hsiao-Fang (2002). Subgrouping and Reconstruction of Batanic Languages (PDF) (MA thesis). Providence University.
  2. ^ a b Ross, Malcolm (2005). "The Batanic Languages in Relation to the Early History of the Malayo-Polynesian Subgroup of Austronesian" (PDF). Journal of Austronesian Studies. 1 (2): 1–24.
  3. ^ a b Blench, Roger (2015). A New Look at Bashiic, a Divergent Subgroup of Malayopolynesian. Prepared for ICAL XIII, Taipei 18–23 July, 2015, Academia Sinica (Draft) – via
  4. ^ Moriguchi, Tsunekazu (1983). "A Preliminary Report on Ivatan Dialects". In Shirakihara, Kazumi (ed.). Batan Island and Northern Luzon: Archaeological, Ethnographical and Linguistic Survey. Kumamoto: Kumamoto University. pp. 205–253.
  5. ^ a b Li, Paul Jen-kuei (2000). "Subgrouping of the Batanic Languages" (PDF). The Fifth International Symposium on Languages and Linguistics. Hochiminh City: Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City University of Social Sciences and Humanities. pp. 175–176.

Further reading