Central Tagbanwa
Native toPhilippines
EthnicityTagbanwa people
Native speakers
(2,000 cited 1985)[1]
Tagbanwa script
Language codes
ISO 639-3tgt
ELPCentral Tagbanwa

Central Tagbanwa is spoken on Palawan Island in the Philippines. It is not mutually intelligible with the other languages of the Tagbanwa people.



Central Tagbanwa consonants[2]
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative β s h
Nasal m n ŋ
Lateral l
Rhotic ɾ
Approximant w j


Central Tagbanwa vowels[2]
Front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Open a



The following set of pronouns are the personal pronouns found in the Central Tagbanwa language. Note: some forms are divided between full and short forms.

Central Tagbanwa personal pronouns[6][7]
Direct/Nominative Indirect/Genitive Oblique
1st person singular ako ko kakɨn (kɨn)
2nd person singular kawa (ka) mo kanimo (nimo)
3rd person singular kanya niya (ya) kanya
1st person plural inclusive kita ta katɨn
1st person plural exclusive kami kamɨn kamɨn
2nd person plural kamo mi kanimi
3rd person plural tila nila kanila

The demonstratives are as follows.

Central Tagbanwa demonstratives[8]
  Direct/Nominative Indirect/Genitive Oblique
near speaker lito kalito kaito, kito
near adressee layan kalayan
far away liti kaliti atan, doon


  1. ^ Central Tagbanwa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b Scebold (2003), pp. 29
  3. ^ Scebold (2003)
  4. ^ Scebold (2003), pp. 30
  5. ^ a b Scebold (2003), pp. 33
  6. ^ Scebold (2003), pp. 45–46
  7. ^ Quakenbush, J. Stephen; Ruch, Edward (2006). Pronoun Ordering and Marking in Kalamianic (PDF). Paper presented at the Tenth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, 17–20 January 2006, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippine. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  8. ^ Scebold (2003), pp. 46–48