North Sarawakan
Northern Sarawak, Borneo
Linguistic classificationAustronesian

The North Sarawakan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken in the northeastern part of the province of Sarawak, Borneo, and proposed in Blust (1991, 2010).

North Sarawakan languages

Ethnologue 16 adds Punan Tubu as an additional branch, and notes that Bintulu might be closest to Baram. The Melanau–Kajang languages were removed in Blust 2010.

The Northern Sarawak languages are well known for strange phonological histories.[1]


Smith (2017)[2] classifies the North Sarawakan languages as follows.


  1. ^ Blust 2005, p. 241.
  2. ^ Smith, Alexander. 2017. The Languages of Borneo: A Comprehensive Classification. PhD Dissertation: University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.


  • K. Alexander Adelaar and Nikolaus Himmelmann, The Austronesian languages of Asia and Madagascar. Routledge, 2005.
  • Blust, Robert A. (7 December 2005). "Must sound change be linguistically motivated?". Diachronica. 22 (2): 219–269. CiteSeerX doi:10.1075/dia.22.2.02blu. Archived from the original on 17 June 2022.