Sulawesi, Indonesia
Linguistic classificationAustronesian

The Seko languages are a group of four closely related Austronesian languages spoken in West Sulawesi and South Sulawesi provinces, Indonesia. They make up a primary branch of the South Sulawesi subgroup.[1][2] The languages of the Seko branch are: Seko Padang, Seko Tengah, Panasuan and Budong-Budong.[3]

The Badaic languages (namely Bada, Besoa, and Napu) are classified by Zobel (2020) with the Seko languages as part of a Seko–Badaic group within the South Sulawesi branch.[4]


  1. ^ Grimes, C. E. and B. E. Grimes (1987). Languages of South Sulawesi. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. ISBN 0858833522.
  2. ^ Friberg, T. and T.V. Laskowske (1989). "South Sulawesi languages". In: J.N. Sneddon (ed.), Studies in Sulawesi linguistics part 1, pp. 1-17. Jakarta: Badan Penyelenggara Seri Nusa.
  3. ^ Laskowske, Thomas. (2006). The Seko languages of South Sulawesi: a reconstruction. Paper presented at the Tenth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics (10-ICAL), 17-20 January 2006, Palawan, Philippines.
  4. ^ Zobel, Erik (2020). "The Kaili–Wolio Branch of the Celebic Languages". Oceanic Linguistics. University of Hawai'i Press. 59 (1/2): 297–346. doi:10.1353/ol.2020.0014.