Binisaya, Binisaya nga Capiznon, Bisaya
Native toPhilippines
RegionCapiz and some portions of Iloilo, Aklan, Masbate, and Romblon
Native speakers
710,000 (2010)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3cps
Area where Capiznon is spoken

Capiznon or Capiceño (Bisaya nga Kinapisnon)[2][3][4] is an Austronesian regional language spoken in Western Visayas in the Philippines. Capiznon is concentrated in the province of Capiz in the northeast of Panay Island. It is a member of the Bisayan language family and the people are part of the wider Visayan ethnolinguistic group, who constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group. The language is often confused with Hiligaynon due to dialectological comprehension similarities and as high as 91% mutual intelligibility,[5] but it has its certain unique accent and vocabulary that integrates Aklanon and Waray lexicon.[6] Despite its distinct corruption of Hiligaynon lateral approximants, a prevalent feature among rural farmers, ethnic convergence and cosmopolitanism has led to a shift back to the purely Hiligaynon prosodic form of slower tonality and softer and longer vowels most particularly among the younger generations.


Capiznon is spoken in the following municipalities:




Labial Dental/
Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative s h
Rhotic r
Lateral l
Approximant w j


Front Central Back
Close i ʊ ~ u
Open a

/ʊ/ can range from [ʊ] to [u].[7]

Common lexical differences between Capiznon and Hiligaynon languages

Capiznon Hiligaynon English
yanda subong today/now
ini/mini/muni ini/amo ini/amo ni this
ina/mina/muna ina/amo ina that/these is ours
patawa kadlaw laugh
palataw-an kaladlawan funny
idot/itot iyot sex
malukong yahong bowl
ti-aw/dinaskal lango-lango joke
palanggana labador washbasin
pawa sanag bright/luminous
wakal/hala/hambal hambal/siling talk
lagbong/hulog hulog fall
puya bata child
pilaw tuyo sleepy
tamarindo sambag tamarind tree
tangis hibi cry
laong pahanugot/lisensya consent
samad guba to break/broken
siki tiil foot
mayad maayo fine/good
gutos lakat/baktas to travel by foot
gumangkon hinablos nephew/niece
libod lagaw to stroll around
hamyang haya wake
umog lagu used and unwashed clothes
hinipo agot youngest child
talisik/panalisik taliti/panaliti drizzle/drizzling
pinsan tingub together
sanduko binangon bolo
dalunggan dulunggan ears
kuracha tanga cockroach
sudlay husay comb
pinaisan pinamalhan marinated fish
bundol mango dumb
lupos subak ingredient
dayok ginamos shrimp paste
sim sim tin roof
hay! te! see!
sili katumbal chilli pepper
paukoy/pahimuyong pahimunong quiet
latoy balatong string beans
daha tig-ang to cook rice
lurop sirop to dive underwater
luyo tupad/ingod adjacent
dulog hulid to sleep together
uyapad uma ricefield
migo/miga uyab boyfriend/girlfriend
mayad maayo good
mayad pali healed/cured
unlan ulunan/ulonan pillow
habukon palak-palak/tikalon boastful/arrogant

See also


  1. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing, Report No. 2A - Demographic and Housing Characteristics (Non-Sample Variables)" (PDF). Retrieved 2022-05-02.
  2. ^[dead link]
  3. ^ "Explore Philippines >> Capiz >> Things to Do". Wow Philippines. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2009-03-07.
  4. ^ "Profile of the Province". Poverty Mapping – Masbate. National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 2009-04-24. Retrieved 2009-03-07.
  5. ^ "Capiznon". Ethnologue.
  6. ^ "The Capiznon Language". Archived from the original on 2016-08-07. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  7. ^ Pototanon, Ruchie Mark D.; Rosero, Michael Wilson I. (2012). An Acoustic and Articulatory Characterization of Capiznon Segmental Sounds.