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Gorontalo
Bahasa Hulontalo
Native toIndonesia
RegionGorontalo, Sulawesi
Native speakers
1 million (2000 census)[1]
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-2gor
ISO 639-3gor
Glottologgoro1259
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The Gorontalo language (also called Hulontalo) is a language spoken in Gorontalo Province, Sulawesi, Indonesia by the Gorontalo people.[2]

Dialects

Musa Kasim et al. (1981) give five main dialects of Gorontalo: east Gorontalo, Limboto, Gorontolo City, west Gorontalo, and Tilamuta.

Phonology

Consonants

Gorontalo consonants
labial alveolar palatal velar glottal
nasal m n ɲ ŋ
plosive voiceless p t c k ʔ
voiced b d ɟ ɡ
implosive ɓ ɗ
sonorant plain w r j h
lateral l

Consonant sequences include NC (homorganic nasal–plosive), where C may be /b d t d̠ ɟ ɡ k/. Elsewhere, /b d/ are relatively rare and only occur before high vowels. /d̠/, written ⟨ḓ⟩ in the literature, is a laminal post-alveoral coronal stop that is indeterminate as to voicing. The phonemic status of [ʔ] is unclear; if [VʔV] is interpreted as vowel sequences /VV/, then this contrasts with long vowels (where the two V's are the same) and vowel sequences separated by linking glides (where the two V's are different).

Vowels

Gorontalo has five vowels.[3]

Gorontalo vowels
front central back
high i u
mid e o
low a

Notes

  1. ^ Gorontalo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ "The Gorontalo Language". The linguist list. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
  3. ^ Little (1995), p. 523

References

  • Steinhauer, H. (1991). "Problems of Gorontalese Phonology". In Poeze, H. A.; Schoorl, P. (eds.). Excursies in Celebes: Een Bundel Bijdragen bij het Afscheid van J. Noorduyn als Directeur-Secretaris van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkendkunde. KITLV Uitgeverij. pp. 325–338.
  • Little, John A. Jr. (1995). "Gorontalo". In Tryon, Darrell T. (ed.). Comparative Austronesian Dictionary: An Introduction to Austronesian Studies. 1. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 521–527.
  • Kasim, M. Musa; Wahidji, Habu; Pateda, Mansoer; Junus, Husain; Hasan, Kartin; Koem, A. P. (1981). Geografi Dialek Bahasa Gorontalo (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa – via repositori.kemdikbud.go.id.
  • Joest, Wilhelm (1883). Das Holontalo: Glossar und grammatische Skizze (in German). Berlin: A. Asher & Company – via archive.org.