Komering
Cawa Komering
Native toIndonesia
RegionSouth Sumatra
EthnicityKomering
Native speakers
470,000 (2000 census)[1]
Lampung script (historical)
Latin
Komering Script
Language codes
ISO 639-3kge
Glottologkome1238
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Three Komering girls in 1929
Three Komering girls in 1929

Komering is a Lampungic language spoken by Komering people, an indigenous ethnic group native to Komering regions alongside the Komering River in southern hemisphere of Sumatra island Indonesia.

Location

Komering in the Lampung Province, South Sumatra Province in southern Sumatra, along the Komering River.

Classification

Komering language belongs to the Lampungic linguistic family, which is one of the groups within the Austronesian family.[2][3]

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive/
Affricate
voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative s h
Lateral l
Trill r
Approximant w j

A voiced fricative /z/ also occurs, but only as a result of foreign loanwords.

Vowels

Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid o
Open a

Vocabulary

Examples of basic Komering words:[4]

Komering (standard) Meaning
kayu tree
habu ashes
tanoh world
jukuk grass
hatolui egg
tolu three
hujau rain
hambur to steal
tohlui egg
pak four
ganta now
ompai new
sisu chicken
manuk bird

Notes and references

  1. ^ Komering at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Adelaar, 2005, p. 22.
  3. ^ Walker, 1976, p. 1.
  4. ^ From Walker, 1975, pp. 14-17.

Sources

See also