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Map of Indonesia
Map of Indonesia

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It consists of over 17,000 islands, including Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, and parts of Borneo and New Guinea. Indonesia is the world's largest archipelagic state and the 14th-largest country by area, at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles). With over 275 million people, Indonesia is the world's fourth-most populous country and the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

Indonesia is a presidential republic with an elected legislature. It has 37 provinces, of which eight have special status. The country's capital, Jakarta, is the world's second-most populous urban area. Indonesia shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia, as well as maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands). Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support one of the world's highest levels of biodiversity.

Indonesia consists of thousands of distinct native ethnic and hundreds of linguistic groups, with Javanese being the largest. A shared identity has developed with the motto "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), defined by a national language, cultural diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. The economy of Indonesia is the world's 17th-largest by nominal GDP and the 7th-largest by PPP. It is a regional power and is considered a middle power in global affairs. The country is a member of several multilateral organisations, including the United Nations, World Trade Organization, G20, and a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, East Asia Summit, D-8 and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. (Full article...)

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The bathing complex of Taman Sari.
The bathing complex of Taman Sari.

Taman Sari Water Castle, also known as Taman Sari (Javanese: ꦠꦩꦤ꧀ ꦱꦫꦶ), is the site of a former royal garden of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta. It is located about 2 km south within the grounds of the Kraton, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Built in the mid-18th century, the Taman Sari had multiple functions, such as a resting area, a workshop, a meditation area, a defense area, and a hiding place.

Taman Sari consisted of four distinct areas: a large artificial lake with islands and pavilions located in the west, a bathing complex in the centre, a complex of pavilions and pools in the south, and a smaller lake in the east. Today only the central bathing complex is well preserved, while the other areas have been largely occupied by the Kampung Taman settlement. (Full article...)
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Mendut Temple.jpg

Mendut is a Buddhist temple in Central Java province of Indonesia, and together with other two Buddhist temples (Borobudur and Pawon) are located in one straight line. At each year, Buddhist in Indonesia celebrates Vesak by walking from Mendut through Pawon and is ended at Borobudur, the ritual of which was believed to have been performed since the ninth century, according to Nagarakretagama book.

Photo credit: Gunkarta.

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Tumpeng cone shaped rice surrounded with chicken, omelette eggs, sambel goreng ati (beef liver in sambal), potato perkedel, and tempeh orek. Tumpeng is one of the most famous Javanese dishes.
Tumpeng cone shaped rice surrounded with chicken, omelette eggs, sambel goreng ati (beef liver in sambal), potato perkedel, and tempeh orek. Tumpeng is one of the most famous Javanese dishes.
Javanese cuisine is the cuisine of Javanese people, a major ethnic group in Indonesia, more precisely the province of Central Java, Yogyakarta and East Java. (Full article...)

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Zubir Said SK BBM (22 July 1907 – 16 November 1987) was a Singaporean composer most notable for composing the national anthem of his country, "Majulah Singapura" – "Onward Singapore".

A self-taught musician and did not do while in school, Zubir also worked as a score arranger and songwriter for Cathay Organisation's Keris Film Productions for 12 years, composing numerous songs for the company's Malay Singaporean films. He is believed to have written up to 1,500 songs, with less than 10% of them ever recorded. (Full article...)

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W.R. van Hoëvell

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  • ... that Naikilah Perusahaan Minang is the oldest operating autobus company in Indonesia?
  • ... that Rahmah el Yunusiyah founded four Islamic schools for women in Indonesia despite being made to leave school herself at the age of 16?
  • ... that Mess L, a multipurpose building in Banjarbaru, Indonesia, was historically used to house Soviet workers?
  • ... that Indonesian comedian Yusran Effendi was personally awarded a place on an Islamic pilgrimage trip by president Suharto?
  • ... that the formation of the Central Irian Jaya province in Indonesia, which was headed by Herman Monim, caused a civil war between the supporters and opponents of the province?
  • ... that Indonesian politician Iskandar Ramis had to be hospitalized after attempting to make juice?

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Dutch troops at Sanur

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