Regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota) are the second-level administrative subdivision in Indonesia, immediately below the provinces, and above the districts. Regencies are roughly equivalent to American counties, although most cities in the United States are below the counties.[1] Following the implementation of decentralization beginning on 1 January 2001, regencies and city municipalities became the key administrative units responsible for providing most governmental services.[2] Each of regencies and cities has their own local government and legislative body.

The difference between a regency and a city lies in demography, size, and economy. Generally, a regency comprises a rural area larger than a city, but also often includes various towns. A city usually has non-agricultural economic activities. A regency is headed by a regent (bupati), while a city is headed by a mayor (wali kota). All regents, mayors, and members of legislatures are directly elected via elections to serve for a five-year term which can be renewed once. Each regency or city is divided further into districts more commonly known as kecamatan (except in Papua and West Papua, where distrik is used).

An administrative city (kota administrasi) or an administrative regency (kabupaten administrasi) is a subdivision of province without its own local legislatures (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The leader of administrative city or administrative regency is directly appointed by the governor. This type of city and regency in Indonesia is only found in Jakarta which consisted of five administrative cities and one administrative regency.

As of September 2022, there were 514-second-level administrative divisions (416 kabupaten and 98 kota) in Indonesia.[3] The list below groups regencies and cities in Indonesia by provinces. Each regency has an administrative centre, the regency seat.[4]

List of regencies and cities by province

A map of the regencies and cities of Indonesia
A map of the regencies and cities of Indonesia

Sumatra

Aceh

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in Aceh.


Code Name Seat Area (km2) Population (mid 2021)
Regency
11.01 South Aceh Tapaktuan 3,841.60 234,630
11.02 Southeast Aceh Kutacane 4,231.43 224,120
11.03 East Aceh Idi Rayeuk 6,286.01 427,030
11.04 Central Aceh Takengon 4,318.39 218,680
11.05 West Aceh Meulaboh 2,927.95 200,580
11.06 Aceh Besar Jantho 2,969.00 409,530
11.07 Pidie Sigli 3,086.95 439,400
11.08 North Aceh Lhoksukon 3,236.86 608,110
11.09 Simeulue Sinabang 2,051.48 93,760
11.10 Aceh Singkil Singkil 2,185.00 128,380
11.11 Bireuën Bireuën 1,901.20 439,790
11.12 Southwest Aceh Blangpidie 1,490.60 152,660
11.13 Gayo Lues Blangkejeren 5,719.58 101,100
11.14 Aceh Jaya Calang 3,812.99 94,420
11.15 Nagan Raya Suka Makmue 3,363.72 170,590
11.16 Aceh Tamiang Karang Baru 1,956.72 297,520
11.17 Bener Meriah Simpang Tiga Redelong 1,454.09 164,520
11.18 Pidie Jaya Meureudu 1,073.60 160,330
City
11.71 Banda Aceh 61.36 255,030
11.72 Sabang 153.00 42,070
11.73 Lhokseumawe 181.06 189,940
11.74 Langsa 262.41 188,880
11.75 Subulussalam 1,391.00 92,670

North Sumatra

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in North Sumatra.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Asahan Kisaran 0.699 (Medium)
2 Batubara Limapuluh 0.684 (Medium)
3 Central Tapanuli Pandan 0.689 (Medium)
4 Dairi Sidikalang 0.714 (High)
5 Deli Serdang Lubuk Pakam 0.754 (High)
6 Humbang Hasundutan Dolok Sanggul 0.688 (Medium)
7 Karo Kabanjahe 0.743 (High)
8 Labuhan Batu Rantau Prapat 0.719 (High)
9 Langkat Stabat 0.708 (High)
10 Mandailing Natal Panyabungan 0.665 (Medium)
11 Nias Gunungsitoli 0.616 (Medium)
12 North Labuhan Batu Aek Kanopan 0.714 (High)
13 North Nias Lotu 0.619 (Medium)
14 North Padang Lawas Gunung Tua 0.692 (Medium)
15 North Tapanuli Tarutung 0.733 (High)
16 Padang Lawas Sibuhuan 0.682 (Medium)
17 Pakpak Bharat Salak 0.675 (Medium)
18 Samosir Pangururan 0.706 (High)
19 Serdang Bedagai Sei Rampah 0.702 (High)
20 Simalungun Raya 0.729 (High)
21 South Labuhan Batu Kota Pinang 0.714 (High)
22 South Nias Teluk Dalam 0.616 (Medium)
23 South Tapanuli Sipirok 0.698 (Medium)
24 Toba Balige 0.749 (High)
25 West Nias Lahomi 0.611 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Binjai 0.758 (High)
2 Gunungsitoli 0.693 (Medium)
3 Medan 0.809 (Very High)
4 Padang Sidempuan 0.751 (High)
5 Pematangsiantar 0.786 (High)
6 Sibolga 0.734 (High)
7 Tanjungbalai 0.685 (Medium)
8 Tebing Tinggi 0.751 (High)

West Sumatra

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in West Sumatra.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Agam Lubuk Basung 0.724 (High)
2 Dharmasraya Pulau Punjung 0.715 (High)
3 Lima Puluh Kota Sarilamak 0.697 (Medium)
4 Mentawai Islands Tuapeijat 0.613 (Medium)
5 Padang Pariaman Parit Malintang 0.706 (High)
6 Pasaman Lubuk Sikaping 0.665 (Medium)
7 Sijunjung Muaro Sijunjung 0.676 (Medium)
8 Solok Arosuka 0.691 (Medium)
9 South Pesisir Painan 0.701 (High)
10 South Solok Padang Aro 0.689 (Medium)
11 Tanah Datar Batusangkar 0.721 (High)
12 West Pasaman Simpang Ampek 0.682 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bukittinggi 0.807 (Very High)
2 Padang 0.827 (Very High)
3 Padang Panjang 0.780 (High)
4 Pariaman 0.767 (High)
5 Payakumbuh 0.789 (High)
6 Sawahlunto 0.724 (High)
7 Solok 0.783 (High)

Jambi

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in Jambi.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Batang Hari Muara Bulian 0.697 (Medium)
2 Bungo Muara Bungo 0.699 (Medium)
3 East Tanjung Jabung Muara Sabak 0.639 (Medium)
4 Kerinci Siulak 0.709 (High)
5 Merangin Bangko 0.691 (Medium)
6 Muaro Jambi Sengeti 0.690 (Medium)
7 Sarolangun Sarolangun 0.697 (Medium)
8 Tebo Muara Tebo 0.690 (Medium)
9 West Tanjung Jabung Kuala Tungkal 0.675 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Jambi 0.783 (High)
2 Sungai Penuh 0.754 (High)

Riau

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in Riau.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bengkalis Bengkalis 0.734 (High)
2 Indragiri Hilir Tembilahan 0.668 (Medium)
3 Indragiri Hulu Rengat 0.701 (High)
4 Kampar Bangkinang 0.732 (High)
5 Kuantan Singingi Teluk Kuantan 0.708 (High)
6 Meranti Islands Selat Panjang 0.659 (Medium)
7 Pelalawan Pangkalan Kerinci 0.719 (High)
8 Rokan Hulu Pasir Pangaraian 0.699 (Medium)
9 Rokan Hilir Bagansiapiapi 0.694 (Medium)
10 Siak Siak Sri Indrapura 0.741 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Dumai 0.746 (High)
2 Pekanbaru 0.814 (Very High)

Bengkulu

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in Bengkulu.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Central Bengkulu Karang Tinggi 0.673 (Medium)
2 Kaur Bintuhan 0.668 (Medium)
3 Kepahiang Kepahiang 0.678 (Medium)
4 Lebong Muara Aman 0.668 (Medium)
5 Mukomuko Mukomuko 0.681 (Medium)
6 North Bengkulu Arga Makmur 0.688 (Medium)
7 Rejang Lebong Curup 0.701 (High)
8 Seluma Pasar Tais 0.667 (Medium)
9 South Bengkulu Manna 0.703 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bengkulu 0.804 (Very High)

South Sumatra

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in South Sumatra.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Banyuasin Pangkalan Balai 0.669 (Medium)
2 East Ogan Komering Ulu Martapura 0.694 (Medium)
3 Empat Lawang Tebing Tinggi 0.651 (Medium)
4 Lahat Lahat 0.676 (Medium)
5 Muara Enim Muara Enim 0.689 (Medium)
6 Musi Banyuasin Sekayu 0.678 (Medium)
7 Musi Rawas Muara Beliti 0.669 (Medium)
8 North Musi Rawas Rupit 0.643 (Medium)
9 Ogan Ilir Indralaya 0.672 (Medium)
10 Ogan Komering Ilir Kayuagung 0.669 (Medium)
11 Ogan Komering Ulu Baturaja 0.695 (Medium)
12 Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir Talang Ubi 0.643 (Medium)
13 South Ogan Komering Ulu Muaradua 0.654 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Lubuklinggau 0.748 (High)
2 Pagar Alam 0.684 (Medium)
3 Palembang 0.784 (High)
4 Prabumulih 0.744 (High)

Lampung

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in Lampung.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Central Lampung Gunung Sugih 0.700 (High)
2 East Lampung Sukadana 0.693 (Medium)
3 Mesuji Mesuji 0.635 (Medium)
4 North Lampung Kotabumi 0.676 (Medium)
5 Pesawaran Gedong Tataan 0.658 (Medium)
6 Pringsewu Pringsewu 0.699 (Medium)
7 South Lampung Kalianda 0.682 (Medium)
8 Tanggamus Kota Agung Pusat 0.664 (Medium)
9 Tulang Bawang Menggala 0.683 (Medium)
10 Way Kanan Blambangan Umpu 0.672 (Medium)
11 West Lampung Liwa 0.675 (Medium)
12 West Pesisir Krui 0.638 (Medium)
13 West Tulang Bawang Panaragan Jaya 0.659 (Medium)
No City
1 Bandar Lampung 0.773 (High)
2 Metro 0.768 (High)

Bangka Belitung Islands

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in Bangka Belitung Islands.

Code Name Seat Area (km2) Population (2019)
Regency
19.01 Bangka Sungailiat 2,950.68 317,052
19.02 Belitung Tanjung Pandan 2,293.61 169,053
19.03 South Bangka Toboali 3,607.08 176,658
19.04 Central Bangka Koba 2,155.77 182,286
19.05 West Bangka Muntok 2,820.61 197,066
19.06 East Belitung Manggar 2,506.91 124,079
City
19.71 Pangkal Pinang 89.40 213,573

Riau Islands

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in Riau Islands.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Anambas Islands Tarempa 0.685 (Medium)
2 Bintan Bandar Seri Bentan 0.739 (High)
3 Karimun Tanjung Balai Karimun 0.711 (High)
4 Lingga Daik 0.649 (Medium)
5 Natuna Ranai 0.726 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Batam 0.811 (Very High)
2 Tanjung Pinang 0.787 (High)

Java

Special Capital Region of Jakarta

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in Jakarta.

No Administrative regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Thousand Islands Pramuka Island 0.714 (High)
No Administrative city HDI (2019)[5]
1 Central Jakarta Menteng 0.812 (Very High)
2 East Jakarta Jatinegara 0.827 (Very High)
3 North Jakarta Koja 0.802 (Very High)
4 South Jakarta Kebayoran Baru 0.848 (Very High)
5 West Jakarta Kembangan 0.812 (Very High)

Banten

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in Banten.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Lebak Rangkasbitung 0.639 (Medium)
2 Pandeglang Pandeglang 0.649 (Medium)
3 Serang Ciruas 0.664 (Medium)
4 Tangerang Tigaraksa 0.719 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Cilegon 0.730 (High)
2 Serang 0.721 (High)
3 South Tangerang 0.815 ( Very High)
4 Tangerang 0.784 (High)

West Java

For a more comprehensive list, see List of regencies and cities in West Java.

Map of West Java with cities and regencies names.png
No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bandung Soreang 0.724 (High)
2 Bekasi Cikarang 0.739 (High)
3 Bogor Cibinong 0.707 (High)
4 Ciamis Ciamis 0.704 (High)
5 Cianjur Cianjur 0.654 (Medium)
6 Cirebon Sumber 0.687 (Medium)
7 Garut South Tarogong 0.662 (Medium)
8 Indramayu Indramayu 0.669 (Medium)
9 Karawang Karawang 0.709 (High)
10 Kuningan Kuningan 0.691 (Medium)
11 Majalengka Majalengka 0.675 (Medium)
12 Pangandaran Parigi 0.682 (Medium)
13 Purwakarta Purwakarta 0.707 (High)
14 Subang Subang 0.687 (Medium)
15 Sukabumi Pelabuhan Ratu 0.669 (Medium)
16 Sumedang Sumedang 0.715 (High)
17 Tasikmalaya Singaparna 0.656 (Medium)
18 West Bandung Ngamprah 0.683 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bandung 0.816 (Very High)
2 Banjar 0.718 (High)
3 Bekasi 0.816 (Very High)
4 Bogor 0.762 (High)
5 Cimahi 0.781 (High)
6 Cirebon 0.749 (High)
7 Depok 0.808 (Very High)
8 Sukabumi 0.743 (High)
9 Tasikmalaya 0.728 (High)

Central Java

For a more comprehensive list, see List of Central Java regencies and cities.

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Banjarnegara Banjarnegara 0.673 (Medium)
2 Banyumas Purwokerto 0.719 (High)
3 Batang Batang 0.684 (Medium)
4 Blora Blora 0.687 (Medium)
5 Boyolali Boyolali 0.738 (High)
6 Brebes Brebes 0.661 (Medium)
7 Cilacap Cilacap 0.699 (Medium)
8 Demak Demak 0.719 (High)
9 Grobogan Purwodadi 0.699 (Medium)
10 Jepara Jepara 0.719 (High)
11 Karanganyar Karanganyar 0.759 (High)
12 Kebumen Kebumen 0.696 (Medium)
13 Kendal Kendal 0.719 (High)
14 Klaten Klaten 0.753 (High)
15 Kudus Kudus 0.749 (High)
16 Magelang Mungkid 0.699 (Medium)
17 Pati Pati 0.714 (High)
18 Pekalongan Kajen 0.697 (Medium)
19 Pemalang Pemalang 0.663 (Medium)
20 Purbalingga Purbalingga 0.689 (Medium)
21 Purworejo Purworejo 0.725 (High)
22 Rembang Rembang 0.702 (High)
23 Semarang Ungaran 0.742 (High)
24 Sragen Sragen 0.734 (High)
25 Sukoharjo Sukoharjo 0.768 (High)
26 Tegal Slawi 0.682 (Medium)
27 Temanggung Temanggung 0.696 (Medium)
28 Wonogiri Wonogiri 0.699 (Medium)
29 Wonosobo Wonosobo 0.683 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Magelang 0.788 (High)
2 Pekalongan 0.748 (High)
3 Salatiga 0.831 (Very High)
4 Semarang 0.832 (Very High)
5 Surakarta 0.819 (Very High)
6 Tegal 0.749 (High)

East Java

Regencies and cities in East Java
No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bangkalan Bangkalan 0.638 (Medium)
2 Banyuwangi Banyuwangi 0.706 (High)
3 Blitar Kanigoro 0.706 (High)
4 Bojonegoro Bojonegoro 0.688 (Medium)
5 Bondowoso Bondowoso 0.661 (Medium)
6 Gresik Gresik 0.761 (High)
7 Jember Jember 0.667 (Medium)
8 Jombang Jombang 0.729 (High)
9 Kediri Ngasem 0.719 (High)
10 Lamongan Lamongan 0.726 (High)
11 Lumajang Lumajang 0.653 (Medium)
12 Madiun Caruban 0.717 (High)
13 Magetan Magetan 0.735 (High)
14 Malang Kepanjen 0.704 (High)
15 Mojokerto Mojosari 0.735 (High)
16 Nganjuk Nganjuk 0.717 (High)
17 Ngawi Ngawi 0.704 (High)
18 Pacitan Pacitan 0.682 (Medium)
19 Pamekasan Pamekasan 0.659 (Medium)
20 Pasuruan Bangil 0.683 (Medium)
21 Ponorogo Ponorogo 0.706 (High)
22 Probolinggo Kraksaan 0.656 (Medium)
23 Sampang Sampang 0.619 (Medium)
24 Sidoarjo Sidoarjo 0.801 (Very High)
25 Situbondo Situbondo 0.671 (Medium)
26 Sumenep Sumenep 0.662 (Medium)
27 Trenggalek Trenggalek 0.695 (Medium)
28 Tuban Tuban 0.684 (Medium)
29 Tulungagung Tulungagung 0.726 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Batu 0.759 (High)
2 Blitar 0.786 (High)
3 Kediri 0.781 (High)
4 Madiun 0.809 (Very High)
5 Malang 0.813 (Very High)
6 Mojokerto 0.779 (High)
7 Pasuruan 0.753 (High)
8 Probolinggo 0.733 (High)
9 Surabaya 0.822 (Very High)

Special Region of Yogyakarta

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bantul Bantul 0.800 (Very High)
2 Gunung Kidul Wonosari 0.699 (Medium)
3 Kulon Progo Wates 0.744 (High)
4 Sleman Sleman 0.839 (Very High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Yogyakarta 0.867 (Very High)

Lesser Sunda Islands

Bali

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Badung Mangupura 0.816 (Very High)
2 Bangli Bangli 0.693 (Medium)
3 Buleleng Singaraja 0.723 (High)
4 Gianyar Gianyar 0.771 (High)
5 Jembrana Negara 0.724 (High)
6 Karangasem Amlapura 0.673 (Medium)
7 Klungkung Semarapura 0.717 (High)
8 Tabanan Tabanan 0.762 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Denpasar 0.837 (Very High)

West Nusa Tenggara

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bima Woha 0.664 (Medium)
2 Central Lombok Praya 0.664 (Medium)
3 Dompu Dompu 0.678 (Medium)
4 East Lombok Selong 0.662 (Medium)
5 North Lombok Tanjung 0.645 (Medium)
6 Sumbawa Sumbawa Besar 0.676 (Medium)
7 West Lombok Gerung 0.680 (Medium)
8 West Sumbawa Taliwang 0.715 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bima 0.758 (High)
2 Mataram 0.791 (High)

East Nusa Tenggara

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Alor Kalabahi 0.610 (Medium)
2 Belu Atambua 0.625 (Medium)
3 Central Sumba Waibakul 0.610 (Medium)
4 East Flores Larantuka 0.643 (Medium)
5 East Manggarai Borong 0.605 (Medium)
6 East Sumba Waingapu 0.653 (Medium)
7 Ende Ende 0.672 (Medium)
8 Kupang Oelamasi 0.644 (Medium)
9 Lembata Lewoleba 0.649 (Medium)
10 Malaka Betun 0.603 (Medium)
11 Manggarai Ruteng 0.678 (Medium)
12 Nagekeo Mbay 0.659 (Medium)
13 Ngada Bajawa 0.678 (Medium)
14 North Central Timor Kefamenanu 0.633 (Medium)
15 Rote Ndao Baa 0.622 (Medium)
16 Sabu Raijua West Savu 0.567 (Medium)
17 Sikka Maumere 0.648 (Medium)
18 South Central Timor Soe 0.622 (Medium)
19 Southwest Sumba Tambolaka 0.626 (Medium)
20 West Manggarai Labuan Bajo 0.635 (Medium)
21 West Sumba Waikabubak 0.636 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Kupang 0.796 (High)

Kalimantan

West Kalimantan

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bengkayang Bengkayang 0.676 (Medium)
2 Kapuas Hulu Putussibau 0.657 (Medium)
3 North Kayong Sukadana 0.627 (Medium)
4 Ketapang Ketapang 0.672 (Medium)
5 Kubu Raya Sungai Raya 0.678 (Medium)
6 Landak Ngabang 0.659 (Medium)
7 Melawi Nanga Pinoh 0.655 (Medium)
8 Mempawah Mempawah 0.655 (Medium)
9 Sambas Sambas 0.670 (Medium)
10 Sanggau Sanggau 0.657 (Medium)
11 Sekadau Sekadau 0.643 (Medium)
12 Sintang Sintang 0.667 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Pontianak 0.794 (High)
2 Singkawang 0.717 (High)

South Kalimantan

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Balangan Paringin 0.684 (Medium)
2 Banjar Martapura 0.689 (Medium)
3 Barito Kuala Marabahan 0.662 (Medium)
4 Central Hulu Sungai Barabai 0.688 (Medium)
5 Kotabaru Kotabaru 0.689 (Medium)
6 North Hulu Sungai Amuntai 0.655 (Medium)
7 South Hulu Sungai Kandangan 0.668 (Medium)
8 Tabalong Tanjung 0.719 (High)
9 Tanah Laut Pelaihari 0.690 (Medium)
10 Tanah Bumbu Batulicin 0.705 (High)
11 Tapin Rantau 0.701 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Banjarbaru 0.792 (High)
2 Banjarmasin 0.772 (High)

Central Kalimantan

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 East Barito Tamiang Layang 0.713 (High)
2 East Kotawaringin Sampit 0.712 (High)
3 Gunung Mas Kuala Kurun 0.707 (High)
4 Kapuas Kuala Kapuas 0.694 (Medium)
5 Katingan Kasongan 0.686 (Medium)
6 Lamandau Nanga Bulik 0.705 (High)
7 Murung Raya Puruk Cahu 0.679 (Medium)
8 North Barito Muara Teweh 0.705 (High)
9 Pulang Pisau Pulang Pisau 0.683 (Medium)
10 Sukamara Sukamara 0.679 (Medium)
11 Seruyan Kuala Pembuang 0.676 (Medium)
12 South Barito Buntok 0.701 (High)
13 West Kotawaringin Pangkalan Bun 0.729 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Palangka Raya 0.808 (Very High)

East Kalimantan

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Berau Tanjung Redeb 0.749 (High)
2 East Kutai Sangatta 0.735 (High)
3 Kutai Kartanegara Tenggarong 0.738 (High)
4 Mahakam Ulu Ujoh Bilang 0.676 (Medium)
5 Paser Tana Paser 0.723 (High)
6 Penajam North Paser Penajam 0.716 (High)
7 West Kutai Sendawar 0.716 (High)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Balikpapan 0.801 (Very High)
2 Bontang 0.801 (Very High)
3 Samarinda 0.802 (Very High)

North Kalimantan

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bulungan Tanjung Selor 0.717 (High)
2 Malinau Malinau 0.721 (High)
3 Nunukan Nunukan 0.663 (Medium)
4 Tana Tidung Tideng Pale 0.678 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Tarakan 0.761 (High)

Sulawesi

Gorontalo

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Boalemo Tilamuta 0.655 (Medium)
2 Bone Bolango Suwawa 0.696 (Medium)
3 Gorontalo Limboto 0.667 (Medium)
4 North Gorontalo Kwandang 0.645 (Medium)
5 Pohuwato Marisa 0.653 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Gorontalo 0.771 (High)

South Sulawesi

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bantaeng Bantaeng 0.683 (Medium)
2 Barru Barru 0.706 (High)
3 Bone Watampone 0.657 (Medium)
4 Bulukumba Bulukumba 0.683 (Medium)
5 East Luwu Malili 0.728 (High)
6 Enrekang Enrekang 0.727 (High)
7 Gowa Sungguminasa 0.697 (Medium)
8 Jeneponto Bontosunggu 0.640 (Medium)
9 Luwu Belopa 0.704 (High)
10 North Luwu Masamba 0.695 (Medium)
11 North Toraja Rantepao 0.692 (Medium)
12 Maros Maros 0.695 (Medium)
13 Pangkajene and Islands Regency Pangkajane 0.683 (Medium)
14 Pinrang Pinrang 0.711 (High)
15 Selayar Islands Benteng 0.669 (Medium)
16 Sinjai Sinjai 0.671 (Medium)
17 Sidenreng Rappang Pangkajene Sidenreng 0.711 (High)
18 Soppeng Watansoppeng 0.683 (Medium)
19 Takalar Pattallassang 0.669 (Medium)
20 Tana Toraja Makale 0.683 (Medium)
21 Wajo Sengkang 0.691 (Medium)
No City
1 Makassar 0.823 (Very High)
2 Palopo 0.779 (High)
3 Parepare 0.776 (High)

West Sulawesi

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1. Central Mamuju Tobadak 0.651 (Medium)
2. Majene Majene 0.666 (Medium)
3. Mamasa Mamasa 0.653 (Medium)
4. Mamuju Mamuju 0.677 (Medium)
5. Pasangkayu Pasangkayu 0.673 (Medium)
6. Polewali Mandar Polewali 0.637 (Medium)

Southeast Sulawesi

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bombana Rumbia 0.657 (Medium)
2 Buton Pasarwajo 0.658 (Medium)
3 Central Buton Labungkari 0.641 (Medium)
4 East Kolaka Tirawuta 0.665 (Medium)
5 Kolaka Kolaka 0.730 (High)
6 Konawe Unaaha 0.713 (High)
7 Konawe Islands Langara 0.651 (Medium)
8 Muna Raha 0.689 (Medium)
9 North Buton Buranga 0.677 (Medium)
10 North Kolaka Lasusua 0.689 (Medium)
11 North Konawe Asera 0.692 (Medium)
12 South Buton Batauga 0.644 (Medium)
13 South Konawe Andoolo 0.679 (Medium)
14 Wakatobi Wangiwangi 0.689 (Medium)
15 West Muna Laworo 0.645 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Baubau 0.752 (High)
2 Kendari 0.829 (Very High)

Central Sulawesi

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Banggai Luwuk 0.704 (High)
2 Banggai Islands Salakan 0.651 (Medium)
3 Banggai Laut Banggai 0.653 (Medium)
4 Buol Buol 0.677 (Medium)
5 Donggala Banawa 0.655 (Medium)
6 Morowali Bungku 0.720 (High)
7 North Morowali Kolonodale 0.685 (Medium)
8 Parigi Moutong Parigi 0.655 (Medium)
9 Poso Poso 0.714 (High)
10 Sigi Sigi Biromaru 0.682 (Medium)
11 Tojo Una-Una Ampana 0.645 (Medium)
12 Tolitoli Tolitoli 0.654 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Palu 0.815 (Very High)

North Sulawesi

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bolaang Mongondow Lolak 0.678 (Medium)
2 East Bolaang Mongondow Tutuyan 0.661 (Medium)
3 Minahasa Tondano 0.756 (High)
4 North Bolaang Mongondow Boroko 0.669 (Medium)
5 North Minahasa Airmadidi 0.739 (High)
6 Sangihe Islands Tahuna 0.705 (High)
7 Sitaro Islands Ondong 0.675 (Medium)
8 South Bolaang Mongondow Molibagu 0.653 (Medium)
9 South Minahasa Amurang 0.717 (High)
10 Southeast Minahasa Ratahan 0.705 (High)
11 Talaud Islands Melonguane 0.689 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Bitung 0.742 (High)
2 Kotamobagu 0.732 (High)
3 Manado 0.791 (High)
4 Tomohon 0.767 (High)

Maluku Islands

Maluku

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Aru Islands Dobo 0.636 (Medium)
2 Buru Namlea 0.689 (Medium)
3 Central Maluku Masohi 0.713 (High)
4 East Seram Bula 0.637 (Medium)
5 South Buru Namrole 0.644 (Medium)
6 Southeast Maluku Langgur 0.659 (Medium)
7 Southwest Maluku Tiakur 0.655 (Medium)
8 Tanimbar Islands Saumlaki 0.616 (Medium)
9 West Seram Piru 0.655 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Ambon 0.808 (Very High)
2 Tual 0.677 (Medium)

North Maluku

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Central Halmahera Weda 0.656 (Medium)
2 East Halmahera Maba 0.667 (Medium)
3 Morotai Island Daruba 0.624 (Medium)
4 North Halmahera Tobelo 0.678 (Medium)
5 South Halmahera Labuha 0.641 (Medium)
6 Sula Islands Sanana 0.636 (Medium)
7 Taliabu Island Bobong 0.606 (Medium)
8 West Halmahera Jailolo 0.653 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Ternate 0.800 (Very High)
2 Tidore 0.708 (High)

Western New Guinea

West Papua

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Fakfak Fakfak 0.679 (Medium)
2 Kaimana Kaimana 0.646 (Medium)
3 Manokwari Manokwari 0.717 (High)
4 Maybrat Kumurkek 0.592 (Medium)
5 Raja Ampat Waisai 0.637 (Medium)
6 Arfak Mountains Anggi 0.566 (Medium)
7 Sorong Aimas 0.653 (Medium)
8 South Manokwari Ransiki 0.597 (Medium)
9 South Sorong Teminabuan 0.619 (Medium)
10 Tambrauw Fef 0.529 (Low)
11 Teluk Bintuni Bintuni 0.640 (Medium)
12 Teluk Wondama Rasiei 0.598 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Sorong 0.779 (High)

Papua

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Biak Numfor Biak 0.726 (High)
2 Jayapura Sentani 0.718 (High)
3 Keerom Waris 0.666 (Medium)
4 Mamberamo Raya Burmeso 0.522 (Low)
5 Sarmi Sarmi 0.635 (Medium)
6 Supiori Sorendiweri 0.623 (Medium)
7 Waropen Botawa 0.653 (Medium)
8 Yapen Islands Serui 0.678 (Medium)
No City HDI (2019)[5]
1 Jayapura 0.802 (Very High)


Highland Papua

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Central Mamberamo Kobakma 0.472 (Low)
2 Jayawijaya Wamena 0.578 (Medium)
3 Lanny Jaya Tiom 0.480 (Low)
4 Nduga Kenyam 0.308 (Low)
5 Pegunungan Bintang Oksibil 0.452 (Low)
6 Tolikara Karubaga 0.497 (Low)
7 Yahukimo Dekai 0.493 (Low)
8 Yalimo Elelim 0.481 (Low)

Central Papua

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Deiyai Waghete 0.501 (Low)
2 Dogiyai Kigamani 0.554 (Medium)
3 Intan Jaya Sugapa 0.475 (Low)
4 Mimika Timika 0.741 (High)
5 Nabire Nabire 0.685 (Medium)
6 Paniai Enarotali 0.566 (Medium)
7 Puncak Ilaga 0.427 (Low)
8 Puncak Jaya Mulia 0.483 (Low)

South Papua

No Regency Seat HDI (2019)[5]
1 Asmat Agats 0.504 (Low)
2 Boven Digoel Tanah Merah 0.615 (Medium)
3 Mappi Kepi 0.583 (Medium)
4 Merauke Merauke 0.699 (Medium)

Superlatives

Superlatives of cities can be found at Indonesian Wikipedia articles Daftar kota di Indonesia menurut jumlah penduduk and Daftar kota di Indonesia menurut luas wilayah. Although the least populated regency in Indonesian by various sources is held by Tana Tidung Regency of North Kalimantan,[6] Tambrauw Regency is included here instead because it is effectively has fewer population of about 13 thousand people compared to 24 thousand people of Tana Tidung Regency.

Regencies Province Cities Province
Largest by area Merauke Regency[citation needed] South Papua Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan
Smallest by area Administrative Regency of Thousand Islands[citation needed] Jakarta Sibolga[7] North Sumatra
Largest by population Bogor Regency[citation needed] West Java East Jakarta Jakarta
Smallest by population Tambrauw Regency[citation needed] West Papua Sabang Aceh

Subdivision splits

Main article: id:Pemekaran daerah di Indonesia

Following the Regional Autonomy Act (Indonesian: Undang-Undang Otonomi Daerah) of 1999, many regencies have been split to create additional regencies and cities, the number of such divisions were thus increased to 514. However, these territorial splits can sometimes lead into corruption cases.[8] As of 2020, any further proposals for territorial splits are still in moratorium.[9]

The latest new regencies split from existing regencies were South Buton Regency, Central Buton Regency and West Muna Regency in July 2014, while the latest cities were South Tangerang and Gunungsitoli in October 2008. There are no cities which have been split into other subdivisions, although the administrative regency of Thousand Islands was split from North Jakarta administrative city in 2001. Despite the name of South Tangerang being similar to that of Tangerang city, South Tangerang was actually split from Tangerang Regency.

In two special cases, all subdivisions of North Maluku and Riau Islands were made from parts of the defunct North Maluku Regency and Riau Islands Regency, respectively. All subdivisions of North Kalimantan are also made from lands of Bulungan Regency, but its area was split to several regencies before the province was established. Central Java and Special Region of Yogyakarta are the only provinces which have not had any subdivision splits. Listed below are the subdivision splits from 2007 to the most recent ones in 2014; for pre-2007 splits see also main article in Indonesian Wikipedia.

2014

Southeast Sulawesi

2013

South Sumatra

Central Sulawesi

Southeast Sulawesi

2012

South Sumatra

East Nusa Tenggara

East Kalimantan

Central Sulawesi

West Sulawesi

Southeast Sulawesi

North Maluku

Lampung

West Java

West Papua

2008

North Sumatra

Jambi

Riau

Bengkulu

Lampung

Riau Islands

Banten

West Nusa Tenggara

East Nusa Tenggara

North Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi

South Sulawesi

Maluku

North Maluku

West Papua

Papua

2007

Aceh

North Sumatra

South Sumatra

Lampung

Banten

West Java

East Nusa Tenggara

West Kalimantan

North Kalimantan

North Sulawesi

Gorontalo

Southeast Sulawesi

Maluku

Papua

Former regencies

Regencies of East Timor Province c. 1990s
Regencies of East Timor Province c. 1990s
Emblem of Kutai Regency, until the regency was renamed to Kutai Kartanegara Regency in 2002.
Emblem of Kutai Regency, until the regency was renamed to Kutai Kartanegara Regency in 2002.

These regencies are defunct by splitting its lands together, or renamed.[citation needed] This list does not include colonial-era regencies, or former regencies of the former province of East Timor.

Former regency's name Fate
Toba Samosir Regency (−2020) Renamed to Toba Regency
Western Southeast Maluku Regency (1999–2019) Renamed to Tanimbar Islands Regency
North Mamuju Regency (2003–2018) Renamed to Pasangkayu Regency
Pontianak Regency (−2014) Renamed to Mempawah Regency
Riau Islands Regency (−2006) Split into 3 in 1999 and one each in 2001 and 2003, later changed name to Bintan Regency
North Maluku Regency (−2003) Split into 4 regencies and cities
Kutai Regency (−2002) Split into 4 regencies and cities in 1999, later renamed to Kutai Kartanegara Regency
Sarolangun Bangko Regency (−1999) Split into Sarolangun Regency and Merangin Regency
Bungo Tebo Regency (−1999) Split into Bungo Regency and Tebo Regency
Tanjung Jabung Regency (−1999) Split into West Tanjung Jabung Regency and East Tanjung Jabung Regency
Buol Toli-Toli Regency (−1999) Split into Buol Regency and Toli-Toli Regency
Adikarto Regency (−1951) Merged to Kulon Progo Regency
Hulu Sungai Regency (−1950) Split into six regencies
Barito Regency (−1950) Split into North Barito Regency and South Barito Regency
Kotawaringin Regency (−1950) Split into West Kotawaringin Regency and East Kotawaringin Regency

See also

References

  1. ^ Turner, Mark; Owen Podger; Maria S. Sumardjono; Wayan K. Tirthayasa (2003). Decentralisation in Indonesia: redesigning the state. Australian National University. Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government. ISBN 0-7315-3697-5.
  2. ^ Indonesia – The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 2013
  3. ^ Kode Pos Indonesia
  4. ^ "Profil Daerah (Regional profiles)". Indonesian Ministry of Interior.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl Nugroho, Adi; Clarissa, Alvina (28 August 2020). Said, Ali; Winardi, Wisnu; Karyono, Yoyo (eds.). Indeks Pembangunan Manusia 2019. Statistics Indonesia. ISSN 2086-2369. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Penduduk Kabupaten Bogor Terbanyak, Tana Tidung Tersedikit". CNN Indonesia. 14 August 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  7. ^ Meidinata, Nugroho (9 February 2021). "15 Kota Terkecil di Indonesia, Solo Masuk Urutan Berapa?". Solopos. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  8. ^ Amrullah, Amri (26 July 2016). "Daerah Pemekaran Sering Jadi Ladang Korupsi". Republika. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  9. ^ Ninditya, Fransiska (7 December 2020). "Moratorium pemekaran daerah di tengah pandemi" [A moratorium on regional expansion amidst the pandemic]. Antaranews. Retrieved 11 February 2021.