A mukim is a type of administrative division used in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. The word mukim is a loanword in English.[1] However, it was also originally a loanword in Malay from the Arabic word: مقيم (meaning resident). The closest English translation for mukim is township.[2][3]



Main article: Mukims of Brunei

In Brunei, a mukim is the immediate subdivision of a district (Malay: daerah). The equivalent English word for 'mukim' is 'township'. There are 38 mukims in Brunei. Each mukim is an administrative area made up of several kampung (Malay for "village"). A mukim is headed by a penghulu (Malay for "headman"), which is an elected office. The number of mukims in each of the districts in Brunei is as follows:

Number of Mukims for each district in Brunei
Brunei mukims.png
District Number of Mukims Map
Belait 8
Belait mukims.png
Brunei-Muara 17
Brunei and Muara mukims.png
Temburong 5
Temburong mukims.png
Tutong 8
Tutong mukims.png

The smallest mukim by area is Mukim Saba in the Brunei-Muara District. The largest mukim by area is Mukim Sukang in the Belait District. The last change in the mukim boundaries was in the late 1990s when Mukim Kumbang Pasang was merged into Mukim Kianggeh and Mukim Berakas was divided into Mukim Berakas A and Mukim Berakas B. The number of mukims remained at 38.


In Indonesia, mukim means 'a place to stay' or 'the one who stays', while pemukiman means 'a settlement'.[4] The term mukim is used only in Aceh as a subdivision of a district. A mukim contains several villages.


In Malaysia, a mukim can either be a subdivision of a daerah (district or county) or a subdivision of an autonomous sub-district (daerah kecil), as per Section 11(c) of the National Land Code 1965. However, in Putrajaya the designation mukim is not used; the term presint (Malay for "precinct") is used instead. The northern state of Perlis, due to its small size, is not divided into daerahs, but directly into mukims. In Kelantan, the term daerah corresponds to the mukim level in other states.

Number of Mukims for each state in Malaysia
Map of Peninsular Malaysia with third-level administrative divisions.svg
State No. of Mukims
in the state
District No. of Mukims
in the district
 Johor 96 Batu Pahat District 14
Mukims of Johor labelled.svg
Johor Bahru District 6
Kluang District 8
Kota Tinggi District 10
Kulai District 4
Mersing District 14
Muar District 12
Pontian District 11
Segamat District 11
Tangkak District 6
 Kedah 132 Kota Setar District 28
Kubang Pasu District 20
Padang Terap District 11
Langkawi District 6
Kuala Muda District 16
Yan District 5
Baling District 8
Sik District 3
Kulim District 15
Bandar Baharu District 6
Pendang District 8
Pokok Sena District 6
 Kelantan 311 Bachok District 32
Kota Bharu District 89
Machang District 22
Pasir Mas District 48
Pasir Puteh District 33
Tanah Merah District 18
Tumpat District 29
Gua Musang District 9
Kuala Krai District 17
Jeli District 7
Lojing Autonomous Sub-District 7
 Malacca 80 Melaka Tengah District 29
Mukims of Melaka labelled.svg
Jasin District 20
Alor Gajah District 31
 Negeri Sembilan 61 Jelebu District 8
Mukims of Negeri Sembilan labelled.svg
Kuala Pilah District 11
Port Dickson District 5
Rembau District 17
Seremban District 8
Tampin District 7
Jempol District 5
 Pahang 72 Bentong District 3
Mukims of Pahang labelled.svg
Cameron Highlands District 3
Jerantut District 10
Kuantan District 6
Lipis District 10
Pekan District 11
Raub District 7
Temerloh District 10
Rompin District 6
Maran District 4
Bera District 2
 Penang 81 Central Seberang Perai District 21
Mukims of Penang labelled.svg
North Seberang Perai District 16
South Seberang Perai District 16
Northeast Penang Island District 6
Southwest Penang Island District 22
 Perak 81 Batang Padang District 4
Mukims of Perak labelled.svg
Manjung District 5
Kinta District 5
Kerian District 8
Kuala Kangsar District 9
Larut, Matang and Selama District 14
Hilir Perak District 5
Hulu Perak District 10
Perak Tengah District 12
Kampar District 2
Muallim District 3
Bagan Datuk District 4
 Perlis 22 22
Mukims of Perlis labelled.svg
 Selangor 54 Klang District 2
Mukims of Selangor labelled.svg
Kuala Langat District 7
Kuala Selangor District 9
Sabak Bernam District 5
Hulu Langat District 7
Hulu Selangor District 13
Petaling District 4
Gombak District 4
Sepang District 3
 Terengganu 84 Besut District 16
Dungun District 11
Kemaman District 12
Kuala Terengganu District 19
Hulu Terengganu District 9
Marang District 6
Setiu District 7
Kuala Nerus District 4
Kuala Lumpur 7 7
Mukims of Kuala Lumpur.svg


In Singapore, a Mukim is a survey district. There are 34 Mukim survey districts in Singapore, as well as 30 Town Subdivision survey districts. The Town Subdivision survey districts are located in the city area while the Mukim survey districts are located in the outer regions surrounding the former.[5]

See also


  1. ^ "mukim | Malay to English Translation - Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Malay Living Dictionary. Retrieved 2018-02-16.
  2. ^ "Carian Umum". prpm.dbp.gov.my. Retrieved 2018-02-16.
  3. ^ "Carian Umum". prpm.dbp.gov.my. Retrieved 2018-02-16.
  4. ^ "Arti kata mukim - Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Online". kbbi.web.id. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Allocation of Lot Numbers". Singapore Land Authority. Retrieved 15 September 2019.