Location of Manitoba in Canada
Location of Manitoba in Canada
Distribution of Manitoba's 137 municipalities by type following the 2015 municipal amalgamations
Distribution of Manitoba's 137 municipalities by type following the 2015 municipal amalgamations

Manitoba is the fifth most populous province in Canada with 1,342,153 residents as of 2021 and is the sixth largest in land area at 540,310 km2 (208,610 sq mi).[1] Manitoba's 137 municipalities[2] cover only 21% of the province's land mass yet are home to 95% of its population.[3][a] These municipalities provide local government services to their residents.

A municipality in Manitoba is "a municipality that is continued or formed under" the Municipal Act, which was enacted in 1996.[4] Municipalities that can be formed under this legislation include urban municipalities (cities, towns and villages) and rural municipalities.[4] The Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, allows the formation of local government districts as another municipality type.[5] Of Manitoba's 137 municipalities, 37 of them are urban municipalities (10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages), 98 are rural municipalities and 2 are local government districts.[6][7] The Municipal Act and the Local Government Districts Act stipulate governance of these municipalities.[4][5] Additional charters or acts are in place specifically for the cities of Brandon, Flin Flon, Portage la Prairie, Thompson and Winnipeg, the towns of Morris and Winnipeg Beach, and the rural municipalities of Kelsey, St. Andrews and Victoria Beach.[8] The Municipal Act, the Local Government Districts Act, and all these additional acts and charters were enacted at the provincial level by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba on the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba.[4][5][8] The Government of Manitoba's Department of Municipal Relations responsible for providing provincial services to municipalities.[9]

Over half of Manitoba's population resides in the City of Winnipeg, the provincial capital, with a population with 749,607.[3] The City of Brandon is the province's second most populous municipality with 51,313 residents.[3] Manitoba's smallest municipality by population is the Local Government District of Mystery Lake with 0 residents.[3] The largest municipality by land area is the Rural Municipality (RM) of Reynolds at 3,559.65 km2 (1,374.39 sq mi), while the smallest by land area is the Village of Arborg at 2.22 km2 (0.86 sq mi).[3]

Manitoba's first municipality was the RM of Springfield (originally Springfield-Sunnyside).[10] It was incorporated on September 27, 1873.[11] Winnipeg was incorporated as a city a few weeks later on November 8, 1873.[12]

Urban municipalities

Distribution of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities by type (2015)
Distribution of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities by type (2015)

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1996, defines an urban municipality as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of at least 400 residents per square kilometre."[4] An urban municipality, upon formation, may be named a "city", "town", "village" or "urban municipality", although there is a minimum 7,500 population requirement that limits the naming of cities.[4]

Combined, Manitoba has 37 urban municipalities comprising 10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages.[6] The 37 urban municipalities have a total population of 955,774, a total land area of 6,264.53 km2 (2,418.75 sq mi). These totals represent 71.2% of Manitoba's population but only 1.2% of its land area.[3]

Of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities, 6 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000 and 20 have less than the current minimum density requirement of 400 residents per square kilometre. All of these were incorporated as urban municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996.[4][13]

Cities

Main article: List of cities in Manitoba

In Manitoba, a city is a type of urban municipality. The Municipal Act stipulates that an urban municipality can only be named a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500 residents.[4]

Manitoba has 10 cities[6] that had a cumulative population of 892,517 in the 2021 census.[3] These 10 cities include Flin Flon, of which a small portion is located within the neighbouring province of Saskatchewan. The province's largest and smallest cities by population are Winnipeg and the Manitoba portion of Flin Flon with populations of 749,607 and 4,940 respectively.[3] The province's largest and smallest cities by land area are Winnipeg and Dauphin with land areas of 461.78 km2 (178.29 sq mi) and 12.67 km2 (4.89 sq mi) respectively.[3] Manitoba's newest city is Morden, which changed from a town to a city on August 24, 2012.[14]

Towns

Main article: List of towns in Manitoba

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a town upon formation. Other than the requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as towns. A town can alternately be named a village or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.[4]

Manitoba has 25 towns[6] that had a cumulative population of 60,963 in the 2021 census.[3] The province's largest and smallest towns by population are Niverville and Grand Rapids with populations of 5,947 and 213 respectively.[3] The province's largest and smallest towns by land area are Gillam and Arborg with land areas of 1,994.44 km2 (770.06 sq mi) and 2.22 km2 (0.86 sq mi) respectively.[3]

Villages

Main article: List of villages in Manitoba

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a village upon formation. Other than the minimum requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as villages. A village can alternately be named a town or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.[4]

Manitoba has 2 villages[6] that had a cumulative population of 2,294 in the 2021 census.[3] These are St-Pierre-Jolys and Dunnottar with populations of 1,305 and 989 respectively.[3]

List of urban municipalities

List of urban municipalities in Manitoba
Name Municipal
status
Incorporation
date[13]
2021 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
Land area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
Altona[b] Town December 31, 1945 4,267 4,212 +1.3% 9.35 456.4
Arborg[b] Town January 1, 1964 1,279 1,232 +3.8% 2.22 576.1
Beausejour[b] Town November 5, 1908 3,307 3,219 +2.7% 5.42 610.1
Brandon City May 30, 1882 51,313 48,883 +5.0% 79.04 649.2
Carberry[b] Town December 20, 1889 1,818 1,738 +4.6% 4.80 378.8
Carman[b] Town November 3, 1899 3,114 3,164 −1.6% 4.32 720.8
Churchill[c] Town January 1, 1959 870 899 −3.2% 50.83 17.1
Dauphin[d] City July 11, 1898 8,368 8,369 0.0% 12.67 660.5
Dunnottar Village December 31, 1947 989 763 +29.6% 2.80 353.2
Flin Flon[e] City August 15, 1933 4,940 4,991 −1.0% 13.14 376.0
Gillam[c] Town May 1, 1966 1,007 1,201 −16.2% 1,994.44 0.5
Grand Rapids[c] Town March 1, 1962 213 268 −20.5% 74.27 2.9
Lac du Bonnet[b] Town December 31, 1947 1,064 1,089 −2.3% 2.26 470.8
Leaf Rapids Town[c] December 1, 1971 351 582 −39.7% 1,237.66 0.3
Lynn Lake Town[c] May 9, 1959 579 494 +17.2% 867.53 0.7
Melita[b] Town May 15, 1902 1,041 1,042 −0.1% 3.19 326.3
Minnedosa Town March 2, 1883 2,741 2,449 +11.9% 14.95 183.3
Morden[d] City May 1, 1895 9,929 8,668 +14.5% 16.29 609.5
Morris Town January 29, 1883 1,975 1,885 +4.8% 5.91 334.2
Neepawa Town November 23, 1883 5,685 4,609 +23.3% 17.09 332.7
Niverville[b] Town January 1, 1969 5,947 4,610 +29.0% 8.70 683.6
PasThe Pas Town May 17, 1912 5,639 5,369 +5.0% 44.69 126.2
Portage la Prairie[f] City November 12, 1880 13,270 13,304 −0.3% 24.72 536.8
Powerview-Pine Falls[b][g] Town January 1, 1951 1,239 1,316 −5.9% 4.82 257.1
Selkirk[f] City June 15, 1882 10,504 10,278 +2.2% 24.47 429.3
Snow Lake[c] Town June 2, 1947 1,088 899 +21.0% 1,166.64 0.9
Ste. Anne[b] Town January 1, 1963 2,891 2,114 +36.8% 4.14 698.3
Steinbach[f] City December 31, 1946 17,806 16,022 +11.1% 37.56 474.1
Stonewall[b] Town August 14, 1906 5,046 4,809 +4.9% 5.96 846.6
St-Pierre-Jolys[h] Village December 31, 1947 1,305 1,170 +11.5% 2.61 500.0
Swan River Town May 11, 1908 4,049 4,014 +0.9% 6.81 594.6
Teulon[b] Town May 6, 1919 1,196 1,201 −0.4% 3.23 370.3
Thompson[f] City January 1, 1967 13,035 13,678 −4.7% 16.62 784.3
Virden[b] Town August 2, 1890 3,118 3,322 −6.1% 8.96 348.0
Winkler[d] City April 7, 1906 13,745 12,660 +8.6% 20.73 663.0
Winnipeg City November 8, 1873 749,607 705,244 +6.3% 461.78 1,623.3
Winnipeg Beach[b] Town November 2, 1909 1,439 1,145 +25.7% 3.91 368.0
Sub-total cities 892,517 842,097 +6.0% 707.02 1,262.4
Sub-total towns 60,963 56,882 +7.2% 5,552.10 11.0
Sub-total villages 2,294 1,933 +18.7% 5.41 424.0
Total urban municipalities 955,774 900,912 +6.1% 6,264.53 152.6
Province of Manitoba 1,342,153 1,278,365 +5.0% 540,310.19 2.5

Rural municipalities

Distribution of Manitoba's 116 rural municipalities (2011)
Distribution of Manitoba's 116 rural municipalities (2011)

Main article: List of rural municipalities in Manitoba

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1987, defines rural municipality (RM) as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of less than 400 residents per square kilometre."[4] Manitoba has 98 rural municipalities[18] that had a cumulative population of 313,064 in the 2021 census.[3] These totals represent 23.3% of Manitoba's population and 18.8% of its land area. The province's largest and smallest rural municipalities by population are the Hanover and the Ethelbert with populations of 17,216 and 648 respectively.[3] The province's largest and smallest rural municipalities by area the RM of Reynolds and the Victoria Beach with land areas of 3,559.65 km2 (1,374.39 sq mi) and 20.71 km2 (8.00 sq mi) respectively.[3]

Of Manitoba's 98 rural municipalities, 8 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000. All of these were either incorporated as rural municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996[4][13] or formed by the amalgamation of two or more municipalities incorporated prior to 1996. Many municipalities previously under the minimum population were required to amalgamate by the Government of Manitoba's Municipal Amalgamations Act enacted in 2013. However, the legislation excluded "resort municipalities" like Victoria Beach[19] and the government allowed some of the new amalgamated municipalities to form with a combined population under 1,000.[20]

List of rural municipalities in Manitoba
Name Incorporation
date[13]
2021 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
Land area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
Alexander[i] January 1, 1945 3,854 3,333 +15.6% 1,560.05 2.5
Alonsa[i] January 1, 1945 1,210 1,247 −3.0% 3,006.17 0.4
Argyle August 15, 1881 994 1,025 −3.0% 768.63 1.3
Armstrong[i] January 1, 1945 1,967 1,792 +9.8% 1,868.24 1.1
Bifrost-Riverton January 1, 2015 3,320 3,378 −1.7% 1,643.14 2.0
Boissevain-Morton January 1, 2015 2,309 2,353 −1.9% 1,102.38 2.1
Brenda-Waskada January 1, 2015 650 674 −3.6% 775.64 0.8
Brokenhead November 15, 1900 5,414 5,122 +5.7% 749.69 7.2
Cartier February 21, 1914 3,344 3,368 −0.7% 552.94 6.0
Cartwright-Roblin January 1, 2015 1,336 1,308 +2.1% 705.27 1.9
Clanwilliam-Erickson January 1, 2015 1,012 860 +17.7% 358.05 2.8
Coldwell November 19, 1912 1,313 1,254 +4.7% 891.85 1.5
Cornwallis December 22, 1883 4,568 4,506 +1.4% 500.51 9.1
Dauphin November 26, 1897 2,136 2,298 −7.0% 1,512.79 1.4
De Salaberry January 1, 2015 3,918 3,580 +9.4% 667.57 5.9
Deloraine-Winchester December 22, 1883 1,478 1,489 −0.7% 728.13 2.0
Dufferin November 1, 1890 2,543 2,435 +4.4% 916.11 2.8
East St. Paul November 3, 1915 9,725 9,372 +3.8% 41.79 232.7
Ellice-Archie January 1, 2015 831 887 −6.3% 1,153.14 0.7
Elton December 22, 1883 1,276 1,273 +0.2% 576.14 2.2
Emerson-Franklin January 1, 2015 2,437 2,537 −3.9% 970.19 2.5
Ethelbert January 1, 2015 648 607 +6.8% 1,134.59 0.6
Fisher[i] January 1, 1945 1,845 1,827 +1.0% 1,486.17 1.2
Gilbert Plains January 1, 2015 1,420 1,470 −3.4% 1,050.15 1.4
Gimli August 15, 1881 6,569 6,181 +6.3% 318.10 20.7
Glenboro-South Cypress January 1, 2015 1,123 1,550 −27.5% 1,071.64 1.0
Glenella-Lansdowne January 1, 2015 1,133 1,181 −4.1% 1,274.74 0.9
Grahamdale[i] January 1, 1945 1,278 1,334 −4.2% 2,365.94 0.5
Grandview January 1, 2015 1,419 1,482 −4.3% 1,147.99 1.2
Grassland January 1, 2015 1,583 1,561 +1.4% 1,350.34 1.2
Grey January 1, 2015 2,517 2,648 −4.9% 968.90 2.6
Hamiota January 1, 2015 1,234 1,225 +0.7% 577.68 2.1
Hanover May 25, 1881 17,216 15,540 +10.8% 730.44 23.6
Harrison Park January 1, 2015 1,852 1,617 +14.5% 964.55 1.9
Headingley May 9, 1992 4,331 3,579 +21.0% 107.53 40.3
Kelsey[i] January 1, 1945 2,181 2,419 −9.8% 850.41 2.6
Killarney - Turtle Mountain August 15, 1881 3,520 3,429 +2.7% 930.02 3.8
La Broquerie May 25, 1881 6,725 6,076 +10.7% 578.97 11.6
Lac du Bonnet April 6, 1912 3,563 3,121 +14.2% 1,097.61 3.2
Lakeshore January 1, 2015 1,186 1,363 −13.0% 1,295.64 0.9
Lorne January 1, 2015 2,904 3,041 −4.5% 923.03 3.1
Louise January 1, 2015 2,025 1,918 +5.6% 934.81 2.2
Macdonald May 25, 1881 8,120 7,162 +13.4% 1,156.11 7.0
McCreary January 1, 2015 748 892 −16.1% 527.77 1.4
Minitonas-Bowsman January 1, 2015 1,587 1,653 −4.0% 1,199.17 1.3
Minto-Odanah January 1, 2015 1,121 1,189 −5.7% 746.31 1.5
Montcalm May 25, 1881 1,278 1,260 +1.4% 468.25 2.7
Morris February 14, 1880 3,049 3,047 +0.1% 1,035.32 2.9
Mossey River January 1, 2015 1,450 1,145 +26.6% 1,119.96 1.3
Mountain[i][j] January 1, 1945 980 978 +0.2% 2,603.43 0.4
Norfolk-Treherne January 1, 2015 1,770 1,751 +1.1% 737.90 2.4
North Cypress-Langford January 1, 2015 3,011 2,745 +9.7% 1,762.30 1.7
North Norfolk January 1, 2015 3,915 3,853 +1.6% 1,158.26 3.4
Oakland-Wawanesa January 1, 2015 1,758 1,690 +4.0% 578.82 3.0
Oakview January 1, 2015 1,928 1,626 +18.6% 1,141.98 1.7
Pembina January 1, 2015 2,406 2,347 +2.5% 1,130.57 2.1
Piney[i] January 1, 1945 1,843 1,726 +6.8% 2,430.32 0.8
Pipestone December 22, 1883 1,422 1,458 −2.5% 1,149.86 1.2
Portage la Prairie February 14, 1880 6,888 6,975 −1.2% 1,973.45 3.5
Prairie Lakes January 1, 2015 1,625 1,453 +11.8% 1,070.95 1.5
Prairie View January 1, 2015 2,161 2,088 +3.5% 1,694.69 1.3
Reynolds[i] January 1, 1945 1,344 1,338 +0.4% 3,559.65 0.4
Rhineland January 1, 2015 5,819 5,945 −2.1% 958.48 6.1
Riding Mountain West January 1, 2015 1,442 1,420 +1.5% 1,624.99 0.9
Ritchot November 1, 1890 7,469 6,679 +11.8% 332.23 22.5
Riverdale January 1, 2015 1,803 2,133 −15.5% 576.02 3.1
Roblin January 1, 2015 3,089 3,214 −3.9% 1,694.95 1.8
Rockwood February 14, 1880 8,440 7,823 +7.9% 1,184.89 7.1
Roland November 1, 1908 1,145 1,129 +1.4% 484.47 2.4
Rosedale December 22, 1883 1,524 1,672 −8.9% 864.68 1.8
Rossburn January 1, 2015 973 976 −0.3% 672.29 1.4
Rosser March 11, 1893 1,270 1,372 −7.4% 441.74 2.9
Russell-Binscarth January 1, 2015 2,596 2,442 +6.3% 569.70 4.6
Sifton January 1, 2015 1,239 1,256 −1.4% 839.50 1.5
Souris-Glenwood January 1, 2015 2,547 2,562 −0.6% 579.69 4.4
Springfield September 27, 1873 16,142 15,342 +5.2% 1,096.17 14.7
St. Andrews February 14, 1880 11,723 11,913 −1.6% 739.61 15.9
St. Clements December 22, 1883 11,586 10,876 +6.5% 711.17 16.3
St. Franτois Xavier February 14, 1880 1,449 1,411 +2.7% 205.14 7.1
St. Laurent May 25, 1881 1,542 1,338 +15.2% 480.15 3.2
Stanley November 1, 1890 8,981 8,969 +0.1% 835.18 10.8
Ste. Anne February 14, 1880 5,584 5,003 +11.6% 476.81 11.7
Ste. Rose January 1, 2015 1,591 1,712 −7.1% 630.04 2.5
Stuartburn[i] January 1, 1945 1,731 1,648 +5.0% 1,161.45 1.5
Swan Valley West January 1, 2015 2,759 2,829 −2.5% 1,716.84 1.6
Taché February 14, 1880 11,916 11,568 +3.0% 580.64 20.5
Thompson November 1, 1908 1,518 1,422 +6.8% 531.24 2.9
Two Borders January 1, 2015 1,120 1,175 −4.7% 2,321.73 0.5
Victoria November 15, 1902 1,188 1,132 +4.9% 703.54 1.7
Victoria Beach March 14, 1919 689 398 +73.1% 20.71 33.3
Wallace-Woodworth January 1, 2015 2,748 2,948 −6.8% 1,977.43 1.4
West Interlake January 1, 2015 2,228 2,162 +3.1% 1,643.72 1.4
West St. Paul November 3, 1915 6,682 5,368 +24.5% 87.49 76.4
WestLake-Gladstone January 1, 2015 3,273 3,154 +3.8% 1,909.82 1.7
Whitehead December 22, 1883 1,679 1,651 +1.7% 577.60 2.9
Whitemouth March 1, 1905 1,630 1,557 +4.7% 697.35 2.3
Woodlands February 14, 1880 3,797 3,416 +11.2% 1,197.59 3.2
Yellowhead January 1, 2015 1,841 1,948 −5.5% 1,093.17 1.7
Total rural municipalities 313,064 301,199 +3.9% 101,670.96 3.1
Province of Manitoba 1,342,153 1,278,365 +5.0% 540,310.19 2.5

Local government districts

Manitoba's Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, defines a local government district (LGD) as "an area or areas that is or are wholly or partly in unorganized territory or in a disorganized municipality" with inhabitants. LGDs are incorporated by Manitoba's Lieutenant Governor in Council through passage of a regulation.[5]

Manitoba has two LGDs:[6] Mystery Lake and Pinawa.[7] For municipal statistical purposes, Mystery Lake is considered a rural municipality while Pinawa is considered an urban municipality.[7]

List of local government districts in Manitoba
Name Incorporation
date[13]
2021 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
Land area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
Mystery Lake December 5, 1956 0 0 NA 3,351.37 0.0
Pinawa January 4, 1962 1,558 1,504 +3.6% 126.51 12.3
Total local government districts 1,558 1,504 +3.6% 3,477.88 0.4
Province of Manitoba 1,342,153 1,278,365 +5.0% 540,310.19 2.5

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The remaining 5% of Manitoba's population resides on Indian reserves, Indian settlements, the vast unincorporated portions of central and northern Manitoba and other unincorporated areas. Together, they occupy the remaining 79% of the province's land mass.[3]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n The towns of Altona, Arborg, Beausejour, Carberry, Carman, Lac du Bonnet, Melita, Niverville, Powerview-Pine Falls, Ste. Anne, Stonewall, Teulon, Virden and Winnipeg Beach were originally incorporated as villages.[13]
  3. ^ a b c d e f The towns of Churchill, Gillam, Grand Rapids, Leaf Rapids, Lynn Lake and Snow Lake were originally incorporated as local government districts.[13]
  4. ^ a b c The cities of Dauphin, Morden and Winkler were originally incorporated as villages and each also held town status prior to acquiring their current city status.[13]
  5. ^ The City of Flin Flon was originally incorporated as a municipal district and also held town status prior to acquiring its current city status.[15]
  6. ^ a b c d The cities of Portage la Prairie, Selkirk, Steinbach and Thompson were originally incorporated as towns.[13]
  7. ^ The Town of Powerview-Pine Falls originally incorporated under the name of the Village of Powerview. Its renaming occurred on May 1, 2005 when it simultaneously absorbed the neighbouring community of Pine Falls and changed to town status.[16]
  8. ^ The Village of St-Pierre-Jolys originally incorporated under the name of the Village of St. Pierre. Its renaming occurred on January 1, 1977.[17]
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The rural municipalities of Alexander, Alonsa, Armstrong, Fisher, Grahamdale, Kelsey, Mountain, Park, Piney, Reynolds and Stuartburn were originally incorporated as local government districts.[13]
  10. ^ Statistics Canada divides the RM of Mountain into two parts. In the 2016 census, the north portion had a population of 559, a -12.2% change from its 2011 population of 637, and a land area and population density of 990.69 km2 (382.51 sq mi) and 1.5 respectively. Meanwhile, the south portion had a population of 419, a -10.2% change from its 2011 population of 467, and a land area and population density of 1,617.08 km2 (624.36 sq mi) and 0.7 respectively.[21]

References

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2021 and 2016 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. March 14, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  2. ^ "Report of Manitoba Local Government" (PDF). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 14, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Manitoba". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "The Municipal Act (enacted 1996)". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d "The Local Government Districts Act (enacted 1987)". Government of Manitoba. September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (PDF). Statistics Canada. pp. 6–7. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba" (PDF). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Municipal Acts". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  9. ^ "Manitoba Local Government". Province of Manitoba. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  10. ^ "Regional Profiles – Tourism Profiles – RM of Springfield". Partnership of the Manitoba Capital Region. Archived from the original on September 9, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  11. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Springfield". The Manitoba Historical Society. August 2, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  12. ^ "The Incorporation of Winnipeg". The Manitoba Historical Society. June 30, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "MHS Resources: Manitoba's Municipal History". The Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  14. ^ "Morden Gets City Status". City of Morden. August 27, 2012. Archived from the original on September 23, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
  15. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Flin Flon". The Manitoba Historical Society. May 13, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  16. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Powerview-Pine Falls". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  17. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: St-Pierre-Jolys". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  18. ^ "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba" (PDF). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  19. ^ "Government listens to presenters, amendments proposed to Municipal Modernization Act: Lemieux". Government of Manitoba. September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  20. ^ "The music is just starting". The Manitoba Co-operator (via issuu). February 20, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  21. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Manitoba)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.