Location of Alberta in Canada
Location of Alberta in Canada
Distribution of Alberta's 6 specialized municipalities (red) and 73 rural municipalities, which include municipal districts (orange), improvement districts (dark green) and special areas (light green)
Distribution of Alberta's 6 specialized municipalities (red) and 73 rural municipalities, which include municipal districts (orange), improvement districts (dark green) and special areas (light green)

Alberta is the fourth-most populous province in Canada with 4,262,635 residents as of 2021 Census of Population and is the fourth-largest in land area at 634,658 km2 (245,043 sq mi).[1] Alberta's 344 municipalities cover 99.7% of the province's land mass and are home to 99% of its population.[2][a] These municipalities provide local government services, including roads, water, sewer and garbage collection among others, and a variety of programs to their residents.[4][5]

According to the Municipal Government Act (MGA), which was enacted in 2000, a municipality in Alberta is "a city, town, village, summer village, municipal district or specialized municipality, a town under the Parks Towns Act, or a municipality formed by special Act".[6] The MGA also recognizes improvement districts and special areas as municipal authorities while Metis settlements are recognized as municipalities by the Government of Alberta's Ministry of Municipal Affairs.[6][7] Cities, towns, villages, summer villages, municipal districts, specialized municipalities and improvement districts are formed under the provincial authority of the MGA.[6] Special areas and Metis settlements are formed under the provincial authority of the Special Areas Act (SAA) and the Metis Settlements Act (MSA) respectively, of which both were enacted in 2000.[8][9] As provincial law, the MGA, the SAA and the MSA were passed by the Legislative Assembly of Alberta with royal assent granted by the Lieutenant Governor.[10]

Of Alberta's 344 municipalities, 257 of them are urban municipalities (19 cities, 106 towns, 81 villages and 51 summer villages), 6 are specialized municipalities, 73 are rural municipalities (63 municipal districts, 7 improvement districts and 3 special areas) and 8 are Metis settlements.[2] The MGA, the SAA and the MSA stipulate governance of these municipalities.[6][8][9] Alberta's Ministry of Municipal Affairs is responsible for providing provincial services to municipalities.[11]

Over half of Alberta's population resides in its two largest cities. Calgary, the largest city, is home to 30.7% of the province's population (1,306,784 residents), while Edmonton, Alberta's capital city, is home to 23.7% (1,010,899 residents).[3] Improvement District No. 13 (Elk Island). Improvement District No. 12 (Jasper National Park) and Improvement District No. 25 (Willmore Wilderness) are Alberta's smallest municipalities by population; they are unpopulated according to the 2021 Census of Population.[3][b] The largest municipality by land area is Mackenzie County at 79,629.26 km2 (30,745.03 sq mi), while the smallest by land area is the Summer Village of Castle Island at 0.05 km2 (0.019 sq mi).[3]

Urban municipalities

Distribution of Alberta's 260 urban municipalities including 19 cities (black), 106 towns (dark purple), 81 villages (light purple) and 51 summer villages (pink) (2011)
Distribution of Alberta's 260 urban municipalities including 19 cities (black), 106 towns (dark purple), 81 villages (light purple) and 51 summer villages (pink) (2011)

Alberta's Municipal Government Act (MGA), enacted in 2000, defines urban municipality as a "city, town, village or summer village."[6] For federal census purposes, Statistics Canada recognizes all four urban municipality types as census subdivisions.[13]

Combined, Alberta has 257 urban municipalities comprising 19 cities, 106 towns, 81 villages and 51 summer villages.[2] The 257 urban municipalities have a total population of 3,533,377, a total land area of 4,052.34 km2 (1,564.62 sq mi). These totals represent 83% of Alberta's population yet only 0.6% of its land area.

Cities

Main article: List of cities in Alberta

The MGA stipulates that an area may incorporate as a city if it has a population of 10,000 people or more and the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m2 (19,900 sq ft).[6] Alberta has 19 cities that had a cumulative population of 3,023,641 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] These 19 cities include Lloydminster, of which a portion is located within the neighbouring province of Saskatchewan.[14] Alberta's largest city by population and land area is Calgary with 1,306,784 and 820.62 km2 (316.84 sq mi), while Wetaskiwin is its smallest city by population with 12,594 and land area at 18.75 km2 (7.24 sq mi).[3] Beaumont is Alberta's newest city; it became Alberta's 19th city on January 1, 2019.[15]

Towns

Main article: List of towns in Alberta

The MGA stipulates that an area may incorporate as a town if it has a population of 1,000 people or more and the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m2 (19,900 sq ft).[6] Alberta has 106 towns that had a cumulative population of 471,028 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3][16] The province's largest and smallest towns by population are Cochrane and Rainbow Lake with 32,199 and 495 respectively, while its largest and smallest by land area are Drumheller and Eckville with 107.56 km2 (41.53 sq mi) and 1.61 km2 (0.62 sq mi) respectively.[3] Nobleford is Alberta's newest town, which changed from a village to a town on February 28, 2021.[17]

Villages

Main article: List of villages in Alberta

The MGA stipulates that an area may incorporate as a village if it has a population of 300 people or more and the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m2 (19,900 sq ft).[6] Alberta has 81 villages that had a cumulative population of 32,753 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] The province's largest and smallest villages by population are Stirling and Halkirk with 1,164 and 92 respectively, while its largest and smallest by land area are Chipman and Edberg with 9.60 km2 (3.71 sq mi) and 0.35 km2 (0.14 sq mi) respectively.[3] The last communities to incorporate as villages were Alberta Beach and Spring Lake, which both changed from summer villages to villages on January 1, 1999.[18]

Summer villages

Main article: List of summer villages in Alberta

Under previous legislation, a community could incorporate as a summer village if it had "a minimum of 50 separate buildings occupied as dwellings at any time during a six-month period".[19] A community can no longer incorporate as a summer village under the MGA.[6][20]

Alberta has 51 summer villages that had a cumulative population of 5,955 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] The province's largest summer village by population is Norglenwold with 306, while Castle Island is Alberta's smallest summer village with a population of 15.[3] The province's largest and smallest summer villages by land area are Silver Sands and Castle Island with 2.51 km2 (0.97 sq mi) and 0.05 km2 (0.019 sq mi) respectively.[3] Gull Lake and Kapasiwin were the last communities in Alberta to incorporate as summer villages. Both were incorporated on September 1, 1993.[21] Since then, two summer villages have incorporated as villages (Alberta Beach and Edmonton Beach, now named Spring Lake) and one has dissolved (White Gull).[18][22]

List of urban municipalities

List of urban municipalities in Alberta
Name Status[2] Incorporation date
(current status)
[23][24][18][21]
2021 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
Acme Village July 7, 1910 606 653 −7.2% 2.49 243.4
Airdrie City January 1, 1985 74,100 61,581 +20.3% 84.39 878.1
Alberta Beach Village January 1, 1999 864 1,018 −15.1% 2.02 427.7
Alix Village June 3, 1907 774 734 +5.4% 3.11 248.9
Alliance Village August 26, 1918 166 159 +4.4% 0.62 267.7
Amisk Village January 1, 1956 219 204 +7.4% 0.76 288.2
Andrew Village June 24, 1930 366 425 −13.9% 1.18 310.2
Argentia Beach Summer village January 1, 1967 39 27 +44.4% 0.62 62.9
Arrowwood Village May 13, 1926 188 207 −9.2% 0.75 250.7
Athabasca Town September 19, 1911 2,759 2,965 −6.9% 17.79 155.1
Banff Town January 1, 1990 8,305 7,851 +5.8% 4.08 2,035.5
Barnwell Village January 1, 1980 978 947 +3.3% 1.50 652.0
Barons Village May 6, 1910 313 341 −8.2% 0.81 386.4
Barrhead Town November 26, 1946 4,320 4,579 −5.7% 8.20 526.8
Bashaw Town May 1, 1964 848 830 +2.2% 2.72 311.8
Bassano Town January 16, 1911 1,216 1,206 +0.8% 5.23 232.5
Bawlf Village October 12, 1906 412 422 −2.4% 0.89 462.9
Beaumont City January 1, 2019 20,888 17,457 +19.7% 24.70 845.7
Beaverlodge Town January 24, 1956 2,271 2,465 −7.9% 5.38 422.1
Beiseker Village February 23, 1921 754 819 −7.9% 2.85 264.6
Bentley Town January 1, 2001 1,042 1,078 −3.3% 2.24 465.2
Berwyn Village November 28, 1936 577 538 +7.2% 1.57 367.5
Betula Beach Summer village January 1, 1960 27 16 +68.8% 0.23 117.4
Big Valley Village March 9, 1942 331 346 −4.3% 1.86 178.0
Birch Cove Summer village December 31, 1988 67 45 +48.9% 0.29 231.0
Birchcliff Summer village January 1, 1972 211 117 +80.3% 0.97 217.5
Bittern Lake Village November 2, 1904 216 220 −1.8% 6.57 32.9
Black Diamond Town January 1, 1956 2,730 2,705 +0.9% 6.82 400.3
Blackfalds Town April 1, 1980 10,470 9,328 +12.2% 16.58 631.5
Bon Accord Town November 20, 1979 1,461 1,529 −4.4% 3.99 366.2
Bondiss Summer village January 1, 1983 124 110 +12.7% 1.18 105.1
Bonnyville Town February 3, 1948 6,404 5,975 +7.2% 14.17 451.9
Bonnyville Beach Summer village January 1, 1958 70 84 −16.7% 0.23 304.3
Bow Island Town February 1, 1912 2,036 1,983 +2.7% 5.68 358.5
Bowden Town September 1, 1981 1,280 1,240 +3.2% 3.46 369.9
Boyle Village December 31, 1953 825 845 −2.4% 7.12 115.9
Breton Village January 1, 1957 567 574 −1.2% 1.72 329.7
Brooks City September 1, 2005 14,924 14,451 +3.3% 18.21 819.5
Bruderheim Town September 17, 1980 1,329 1,323 +0.5% 9.28 143.2
Burnstick Lake Summer village December 31, 1991 21 15 +40.0% 0.18 116.7
Calgary City January 1, 1894 1,306,784 1,239,220 +5.5% 820.62 1,592.4
Calmar Town January 19, 1954 2,183 2,228 −2.0% 4.67 467.5
Camrose City January 1, 1955 18,772 18,742 +0.2% 41.67 450.5
Canmore Town June 1, 1966 15,990 13,992 +14.3% 68.47 233.5
Carbon Village November 18, 1912 492 454 +8.4% 1.99 247.2
Cardston Town July 2, 1901 3,724 3,585 +3.9% 8.58 434.0
Carmangay Village March 4, 1936 269 242 +11.2% 1.80 149.4
Caroline Village December 31, 1951 470 512 −8.2% 2.04 230.4
Carstairs Town September 1, 1966 4,898 4,077 +20.1% 11.77 416.1
Castle Island Summer village January 1, 1955 15 10 +50.0% 0.05 300.0
Castor Town June 27, 1910 803 929 −13.6% 2.61 307.7
Champion Village May 27, 1911 351 317 +10.7% 0.88 398.9
Chauvin Village December 30, 1912 304 335 −9.3% 2.22 136.9
Chestermere City January 1, 2015 22,163 19,887 +11.4% 32.83 675.1
Chipman Village October 21, 1913 246 274 −10.2% 9.60 25.6
Claresholm Town August 31, 1905 3,804 3,790 +0.4% 10.51 361.9
Clive Village January 9, 1912 775 715 +8.4% 2.17 357.1
Clyde Village January 28, 1914 415 430 −3.5% 1.28 324.2
Coaldale Town January 7, 1952 8,771 8,331 +5.3% 13.58 645.9
Coalhurst Town June 1, 1995 2,869 2,668 +7.5% 3.08 931.5
Cochrane Town February 15, 1971 32,199 25,853 +24.5% 31.58 1,019.6
Cold Lake City October 1, 2000 15,661 14,976 +4.6% 66.61 235.1
Consort Village September 23, 1912 644 729 −11.7% 3.02 213.2
Coronation Town April 29, 1912 868 940 −7.7% 3.57 243.1
Coutts Village January 1, 1960 224 245 −8.6% 1.18 189.8
Cowley Village August 16, 1906 216 209 +3.3% 1.36 158.8
Cremona Village January 1, 1955 437 444 −1.6% 1.93 226.4
Crossfield Town August 1, 1980 3,599 2,983 +20.7% 11.89 302.7
Crystal Springs Summer village January 1, 1957 74 51 +45.1% 0.45 164.4
Czar Village November 12, 1917 248 202 +22.8% 1.12 221.4
Daysland Town April 2, 1907 789 824 −4.2% 1.77 445.8
Delburne Village January 17, 1913 919 892 +3.0% 3.79 242.5
Delia Village July 20, 1914 152 216 −29.6% 1.33 114.3
Devon Town February 24, 1950 6,545 6,578 −0.5% 14.26 459.0
Didsbury Town September 27, 1906 5,070 5,268 −3.8% 16.12 314.5
Donalda Village December 30, 1912 226 219 +3.2% 0.97 233.0
Donnelly Village January 1, 1956 338 359 −5.8% 1.26 268.3
Drayton Valley Town February 1, 1957 7,291 7,235 +0.8% 30.90 236.0
Drumheller Town January 1, 1998 7,909 7,982 −0.9% 107.56 73.5
Duchess Village May 12, 1921 1,053 1,085 −2.9% 1.93 545.6
Eckville Town July 1, 1966 1,014 1,125 −9.9% 1.61 629.8
Edberg Village February 4, 1930 126 151 −16.6% 0.35 360.0
Edgerton Village September 11, 1917 385 384 +0.3% 2.01 191.5
Edmonton City October 8, 1904 1,010,899 933,088 +8.3% 765.61 1,320.4
Edson Town September 21, 1911 8,374 8,414 −0.5% 29.43 284.5
Elk Point Town January 1, 1962 1,399 1,452 −3.7% 4.91 284.9
Elnora Village July 22, 1929 288 298 −3.4% 1.50 192.0
Empress Village February 5, 1914 148 135 +9.6% 1.58 93.7
Fairview Town April 25, 1949 2,817 2,998 −6.0% 10.67 264.0
Falher Town January 1, 1955 1,001 1,047 −4.4% 2.83 353.7
Foremost Village December 31, 1950 630 541 +16.5% 2.13 295.8
Forestburg Village August 21, 1919 807 880 −8.3% 4.04 199.8
Fort Macleod Town March 29, 1912 3,297 2,967 +11.1% 22.54 146.3
Fort Saskatchewan City July 1, 1985 27,088 24,169 +12.1% 56.50 479.4
Fox Creek Town September 1, 1983 1,639 1,971 −16.8% 12.26 133.7
Ghost Lake Summer village December 31, 1953 82 82 0.0% 0.62 132.3
Gibbons Town April 1, 1977 3,218 3,159 +1.9% 9.46 340.2
Girouxville Village December 31, 1951 278 219 +26.9% 0.66 421.2
Glendon Village January 1, 1956 338 493 −31.4% 1.99 169.8
Glenwood Village January 1, 1961 272 316 −13.9% 1.37 198.5
Golden Days Summer village January 1, 1965 248 160 +55.0% 2.13 116.4
Grande Prairie City January 1, 1958 64,141 63,166 +1.5% 132.71 483.3
Grandview Summer village January 1, 1967 143 109 +31.2% 0.45 317.8
Grimshaw Town February 2, 1953 2,601 2,718 −4.3% 7.08 367.4
Gull Lake Summer village September 1, 1993 226 176 +28.4% 0.70 322.9
Half Moon Bay Summer village January 1, 1978 65 42 +54.8% 0.12 541.7
Halkirk Village February 10, 1912 92 112 −17.9% 0.61 150.8
Hanna Town April 14, 1914 2,394 2,559 −6.4% 8.40 285.0
Hardisty Town November 9, 1910 548 554 −1.1% 4.50 121.8
Hay Lakes Village April 17, 1928 456 495 −7.9% 0.59 772.9
Heisler Village January 1, 1961 135 160 −15.6% 0.63 214.3
High Level Town September 1, 1983 3,922 3,159 +24.2% 28.70 136.7
High Prairie Town January 10, 1950 2,380 2,564 −7.2% 7.01 339.5
High River Town February 12, 1906 14,324 13,594 +5.4% 22.19 645.5
Hill Spring Village January 1, 1961 168 162 +3.7% 0.96 175.0
Hines Creek Village December 31, 1951 335 346 −3.2% 4.88 68.6
Hinton Town December 29, 1958 9,817 9,882 −0.7% 33.32 294.6
Holden Village April 14, 1909 338 350 −3.4% 1.55 218.1
Horseshoe Bay Summer village January 1, 1985 81 49 +65.3% 0.98 82.7
Hughenden Village December 27, 1917 213 243 −12.3% 0.78 273.1
Hussar Village April 20, 1928 164 190 −13.7% 0.70 234.3
Innisfail Town November 20, 1903 7,985 7,847 +1.8% 19.39 411.8
Innisfree Village March 11, 1911 187 193 −3.1% 1.00 187.0
Irma Village May 30, 1912 477 521 −8.4% 1.32 361.4
Irricana Town June 9, 2005 1,179 1,216 −3.0% 3.23 365.0
Island Lake South Summer village January 1, 1958 174 228 −23.7% 1.55 112.3
Island Lake South Summer village January 1, 1983 81 61 +32.8% 0.48 168.8
Itaska Beach Summer village June 30, 1953 30 23 +30.4% 0.26 115.4
Jarvis Bay Summer village January 1, 1986 213 213 0.0% 0.55 387.3
Kapasiwin Summer village September 1, 1993 24 10 +140.0% 0.33 72.7
Killam Town May 1, 1965 918 989 −7.2% 6.40 143.4
Kitscoty Village March 22, 1911 852 925 −7.9% 1.51 564.2
Lacombe City September 5, 2010 13,396 13,057 +2.6% 20.59 650.6
Lakeview Summer village October 25, 1913 29 30 −3.3% 0.32 90.6
Lamont Town May 31, 1968 1,744 1,774 −1.7% 9.14 190.8
Larkspur Summer village January 1, 1985 53 44 +20.5% 0.26 203.8
Leduc City September 1, 1983 34,094 29,993 +13.7% 42.25 807.0
Legal Town January 1, 1998 1,232 1,345 −8.4% 3.18 387.4
Lethbridge City May 9, 1906 98,406 92,729 +6.1% 121.12 812.5
Linden Village January 1, 1964 704 828 −15.0% 2.55 276.1
Lloydminster (part) City January 1, 1958 19,739 19,645 +0.5% 23.98 823.1
Lomond Village February 16, 1916 178 166 +7.2% 1.19 149.6
Longview Village January 1, 1964 297 307 −3.3% 1.10 270.0
Lougheed Village November 7, 1911 225 256 −12.1% 2.00 112.5
Magrath Town July 24, 1907 2,481 2,374 +4.5% 5.88 421.9
Ma-Me-O Beach Summer village December 31, 1948 162 110 +47.3% 0.56 289.3
Manning Town January 1, 1957 1,126 1,183 −4.8% 3.71 303.5
Mannville Village December 29, 1906 765 828 −7.6% 1.64 466.5
Marwayne Village December 31, 1952 543 564 −3.7% 1.60 339.4
Mayerthorpe Town March 20, 1961 1,259 1,320 −4.6% 4.39 286.8
McLennan Town February 11, 1948 695 701 −0.9% 3.58 194.1
Medicine Hat City May 9, 1906 63,271 63,260 0.0% 111.97 565.1
Mewatha Beach Summer village January 1, 1978 103 90 +14.4% 0.79 130.4
Milk River Town February 7, 1956 824 827 −0.4% 2.42 340.5
Millet Town September 1, 1983 1,890 1,955 −3.3% 6.62 285.5
Milo Village May 7, 1931 136 91 +49.5% 0.96 141.7
Morinville Town April 21, 1911 10,385 9,848 +5.5% 11.15 931.4
Morrin Village April 16, 1920 205 240 −14.6% 0.67 306.0
Mundare Town January 4, 1951 689 852 −19.1% 4.12 167.2
Munson Village May 5, 1911 170 192 −11.5% 2.56 66.4
Myrnam Village August 22, 1930 257 339 −24.2% 2.75 93.5
Nakamun Park Summer village January 1, 1966 78 96 −18.7% 0.43 181.4
Nampa Village January 1, 1958 367 364 +0.8% 1.69 217.2
Nanton Town August 9, 1907 2,167 2,181 −0.6% 5.11 424.1
Nobleford Town February 28, 2018 1,438 1,278 +12.5% 1.69 850.9
Norglenwold Summer village January 1, 1965 306 273 +12.1% 0.62 493.5
Norris Beach Summer village December 31, 1988 71 38 +86.8% 0.19 373.7
Okotoks Town June 1, 1904 30,405 29,016 +4.8% 38.55 788.7
Olds Town July 1, 1905 9,209 9,184 +0.3% 14.92 617.2
Onoway Town September 1, 2005 966 1,029 −6.1% 3.31 291.8
Oyen Town September 1, 1965 917 1,001 −8.4% 5.15 178.1
Paradise Valley Village January 1, 1964 153 179 −14.5% 0.63 242.9
Parkland Beach Summer village January 1, 1984 168 153 +9.8% 0.94 178.7
Peace River Town December 1, 1919 6,619 6,842 −3.3% 25.34 261.2
Pelican Narrows Summer village July 1, 1979 158 151 +4.6% 0.74 213.5
Penhold Town September 1, 1980 3,484 3,287 +6.0% 11.20 311.1
Picture Butte Town January 1, 1960 1,930 1,810 +6.6% 3.02 639.1
Pincher Creek Town May 12, 1906 3,622 3,642 −0.5% 9.87 367.0
Point Alison Summer village December 31, 1950 18 10 +80.0% 0.19 94.7
Ponoka Town October 15, 1904 7,331 7,229 +1.4% 17.22 425.7
Poplar Bay Summer village January 1, 1967 113 103 +9.7% 0.71 159.2
Provost Town December 29, 1952 1,900 1,998 −4.9% 4.75 400.0
Rainbow Lake Town September 1, 1995 495 795 −37.7% 10.76 46.0
Raymond Town July 1, 1903 4,199 3,713 +13.1% 7.63 550.3
Red Deer City March 25, 1913 100,844 100,418 +0.4% 104.34 966.5
Redcliff Town August 5, 1912 5,581 5,600 −0.3% 16.15 345.6
Redwater Town December 31, 1950 2,115 2,053 +3.0% 19.93 106.1
Rimbey Town December 13, 1948 2,470 2,567 −3.8% 11.38 217.0
Rochon Sands Summer village May 17, 1929 97 86 +12.8% 2.03 47.8
Rocky Mountain House Town August 31, 1939 6,765 6,635 +2.0% 13.05 518.4
Rockyford Village March 28, 1919 395 316 +25.0% 1.04 379.8
Rosalind Village January 1, 1966 162 188 −13.8% 0.62 261.3
Rosemary Village December 31, 1951 370 396 −6.6% 0.59 627.1
Ross Haven Summer village January 1, 1962 126 160 −21.3% 0.70 180.0
Rycroft Village March 15, 1944 550 612 −10.1% 1.85 297.3
Ryley Village April 2, 1910 484 483 +0.2% 2.53 191.3
Sandy Beach Summer village January 1, 1956 278 278 0.0% 2.41 115.4
Seba Beach Summer village August 20, 1920 229 169 +35.5% 0.53 432.1
Sedgewick Town May 1, 1966 761 811 −6.2% 2.71 280.8
Sexsmith Town October 15, 1979 2,427 2,620 −7.4% 13.01 186.5
Silver Beach Summer village December 31, 1953 55 65 −15.4% 0.61 90.2
Silver Sands Summer village January 1, 1969 214 160 +33.7% 2.51 85.3
Slave Lake Town August 2, 1965 6,836 6,651 +2.8% 14.31 477.7
Smoky Lake Town February 1, 1962 1,127 964 +16.9% 4.26 264.6
South Baptiste Summer village January 1, 1983 70 66 +6.1% 0.91 76.9
South View Summer village January 1, 1970 72 67 +7.5% 0.44 163.6
Spirit River Town September 18, 1951 849 995 −14.7% 3.11 273.0
Spring Lake Village January 1, 1999 711 699 +1.7% 2.28 311.8
Spruce Grove City March 1, 1986 37,645 34,108 +10.4% 37.52 1,003.3
St. Albert City January 1, 1977 68,232 65,589 +4.0% 47.84 1,426.3
St. Paul Town December 15, 1936 5,863 5,827 +0.6% 8.64 678.6
Standard Village April 29, 1922 353 353 0.0% 2.34 150.9
Stavely Town May 25, 1912 544 541 +0.6% 1.78 305.6
Stettler Town November 23, 1906 5,695 5,952 −4.3% 13.19 431.8
Stirling Village September 3, 1901 1,164 978 +19.0% 2.70 431.1
Stony Plain Town December 10, 1908 17,993 17,189 +4.7% 35.45 507.6
Strathmore Town July 6, 1911 14,339 13,756 +4.2% 26.98 531.5
Sunbreaker Cove Summer village December 31, 1990 131 81 +61.7% 0.47 278.7
Sundance Beach Summer village January 1, 1970 42 73 −42.5% 0.43 97.7
Sundre Town January 1, 1956 2,672 2,729 −2.1% 10.84 246.5
Sunrise Beach Summer village December 31, 1988 153 135 +13.3% 1.66 92.2
Sunset Beach Summer village May 1, 1977 55 49 +12.2% 0.87 63.2
Sunset Point Summer village January 1, 1959 257 169 +52.1% 1.17 219.7
Swan Hills Town January 1, 1967 1,201 1,301 −7.7% 25.87 46.4
Sylvan Lake Town May 20, 1946 15,995 14,816 +8.0% 23.09 692.7
Taber Town July 1, 1907 8,862 8,428 +5.1% 19.32 458.7
Thorsby Town January 1, 2017 967 985 −1.8% 3.80 254.5
Three Hills Town January 1, 1929 3,042 3,212 −5.3% 6.74 451.3
Tofield Town September 10, 1909 2,045 2,081 −1.7% 8.21 249.1
Trochu Town August 1, 1962 998 1,058 −5.7% 2.78 359.0
Turner Valley Town September 1, 1977 2,611 2,559 +2.0% 5.75 454.1
Two Hills Town January 1, 1955 1,416 1,352 +4.7% 3.11 455.3
Val Quentin Summer village January 1, 1966 158 252 −37.3% 0.29 544.8
Valleyview Town February 5, 1957 1,673 1,863 −10.2% 9.17 182.4
Vauxhall Town January 1, 1961 1,286 1,222 +5.2% 2.71 474.5
Vegreville Town August 15, 1906 5,689 5,708 −0.3% 14.08 404.0
Vermilion Town August 27, 1906 3,948 4,084 −3.3% 12.72 310.4
Veteran Village June 30, 1914 214 207 +3.4% 0.84 254.8
Viking Town November 10, 1952 986 1,083 −9.0% 3.45 285.8
Vilna Village June 23, 1923 268 290 −7.6% 0.96 279.2
Vulcan Town June 15, 1921 1,769 1,917 −7.7% 6.28 281.7
Wainwright Town July 14, 1910 6,606 6,285 +5.1% 12.17 542.8
Waiparous Summer village January 1, 1986 57 49 +16.3% 0.41 139.0
Warburg Village December 31, 1953 676 766 −11.7% 2.56 264.1
Warner Village November 12, 1908 364 373 −2.4% 1.16 313.8
Waskatenau Village May 19, 1932 247 186 +32.8% 0.59 418.6
Wembley Town August 1, 1980 1,432 1,516 −5.5% 4.74 302.1
West Baptiste Summer village January 1, 1983 46 38 +21.1% 0.54 85.2
West Cove Summer village January 1, 1963 222 149 +49.0% 1.30 170.8
Westlock Town January 7, 1947 4,921 5,101 −3.5% 13.37 368.1
Wetaskiwin City May 9, 1906 12,594 12,655 −0.5% 18.75 671.7
Whispering Hills Summer village January 1, 1983 128 142 −9.9% 1.64 78.0
White Sands Summer village January 1, 1980 174 120 +45.0% 1.61 108.1
Whitecourt Town December 20, 1971 9,927 10,209 −2.8% 29.51 336.4
Yellowstone Summer village January 1, 1965 117 137 −14.6% 0.28 417.9
Youngstown Village December 31, 1936 171 154 +11.0% 1.11 154.1
Sub-total cities 3,023,641 2,838,191 +6.5% 2,572.21 1,175.5
Sub-total towns 471,028 455,389 +3.4% 1,294.84 363.8
Sub-total villages 32,753 33,800 −3.1% 146.36 223.8
Sub-total summer villages 5,955 5,171 +15.2% 38.93 153.0
Total urban municipalities 3,533,377 3,332,551 +6.0% 4,052.34 871.9
Province of Alberta 4,262,635 4,067,175 +4.8% 634,658.27 6.7

Specialized municipalities

Distribution of Alberta's six specialized municipalities and three urban service areas (2020)
Distribution of Alberta's six specialized municipalities and three urban service areas (2020)
Sherwood Park is an urban service area within Strathcona County.
Fort McMurray is an urban service area within the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo.

Main article: List of specialized municipalities in Alberta

Specialized municipalities in Alberta are unique local governments.[25] Alberta's Municipal Government Act (MGA), enacted in 2000, provides the authority to form a specialized municipality under the following scenarios:[6]

Alberta has six specialized municipalities, which are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada.[2][13] In the 2021 Census of Population, they had a cumulative population of 202,461, a total land area of 155,463.32 km2 (60,024.72 sq mi).[3] These totals represent 5% of Alberta's population yet 24.5% of its land area.

The province's largest and smallest specialized municipalities by population are Strathcona County and the Municipality of Jasper with 99,225 and 4,738 respectively, while its largest and smallest by land area are Mackenzie County and the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass with 79,629.26 km2 (30,745.03 sq mi) and 370.15 km2 (142.92 sq mi) respectively.[3] Lac La Biche County is Alberta's newest specialized municipality, which was formed on January 1, 2018.[26] Alberta's first specialized municipality was the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo, which formed on April 1, 1995.[26]

Strathcona County and the Regional Municipality (RM) of Wood Buffalo are home to the unincorporated hamlets of Sherwood Park and Fort McMurray respectively.[27] These communities are designated urban service areas, which are deemed equivalents of cities.[28][29] Excluding Sherwood Park and Fort McMurray, 18 other unincorporated communities, also recognized as hamlets by Alberta Municipal Affairs, are distributed among Mackenzie County, Strathcona County and the RM of Wood Buffalo.[27]


List of specialized municipalities in Alberta
Name Region Incorporation date
(specialized
municipality)[26]
Council
size[26]
Municipal
census
population
(year)[30]
2021 Census of Population[31]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
Crowsnest Pass, Municipality of Southern Alberta January 16, 2008 7   5,695 5,589 +1.9% 370.15 15.4
Jasper, Municipality of Alberta's Rockies July 20, 2001 7 4,584[c]
(2011)
4,738 4,590 +3.2% 921.90 5.1
Lac La Biche County[d] Northern Alberta January 1, 2018 9 8,544
(2016)
7,673 8,330 −7.9% 12,527.48 0.6
Mackenzie County Northern Alberta June 23, 1999 10 11,750
(2015)
12,804 11,171 +14.6% 79,629.26 0.2
Strathcona County Edmonton Metro January 1, 1996 9 95,597
(2015)
99,225 98,044 +1.2% 1,170.65 84.8
Wood Buffalo, Regional Municipality of Northern Alberta April 1, 1995 11 81,948[e]
(2015)
72,326 71,589 +1.0% 60,843.88 1.2
Total specialized municipalities 53 202,461 199,298 +1.6% 155,463.32 1.3
Province of Alberta | 4,262,635 4,067,175 +4.8% 634,658.27 6.7

Rural municipalities

Distribution of Alberta's 73 rural municipalities as of May 2021 including 63 municipal districts (orange), 7 improvement districts (green) and 3 special areas (brown)
Distribution of Alberta's 73 rural municipalities as of May 2021 including 63 municipal districts (orange), 7 improvement districts (green) and 3 special areas (brown)

Rural municipalities in Alberta include municipal districts, improvement districts and special areas.[32] For federal census purposes, Statistics Canada recognizes all three rural municipality types as census subdivisions.[13] However, Statistics Canada embeds Alberta's eight Metis settlements, a separate type of municipality, into the census subdivisions for six municipal districts.[33]

Combined, Alberta has 73 rural municipalities comprising 63 municipal districts, 7 improvement districts and 3 special areas.[2] The 73 rural municipalities have a total population of 481,120, a total land area of 468,246.83 km2 (180,791.11 sq mi).[3][f] These totals represent 11% of Alberta's population yet 73.8% of its land area.

Municipal districts

Main article: List of municipal districts in Alberta

In Alberta, a municipal district, typically branded as a county, is a type of rural municipality.[32] The MGA, enacted in 2000, stipulates that an area may incorporate as a municipal district if it has a population of 1,000 people or more and the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land larger than 1,850 m2 (19,900 sq ft).[6]

Alberta has 63 municipal districts that had a cumulative population of 470,620 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] The province's largest and smallest municipal districts by population are Rocky View County and the Municipal District (MD) of Ranchland No. 66 with 41,028 and 110 respectively, while its largest and smallest by land area are the MD of Greenview No. 16 and the MD of Spirit River No. 133 with 32,925.53 km2 (12,712.62 sq mi) and 679.86 km2 (262.50 sq mi) respectively.[3] Unincorporated communities recognized as hamlets by Alberta Municipal Affairs are located within every municipal district with the exception of Mountain View County, the MD of Ranchland No. 66 and the MD of Spirit River No. 133.[27]

Improvement districts

In Alberta, an improvement district is a type of rural municipality that can be incorporated by the Lieutenant Governor in Council on the recommendation of Alberta's Minister of Municipal Affairs under the authority of the MGA.[6][32] Improvement districts are administered by the Province of Alberta through its Ministry of Municipal Affairs.[32]

Alberta had eight improvement districts that had a cumulative population of 2,024 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] The number of improvement districts was reduced to seven on May 1, 2021 when Improvement District (ID) No. 349 dissolved by way of annexation to the MD of Bonnyville No. 87.[34] Five of Alberta's improvement districts are within national parks while two are within provincial parks.[32] Alberta's largest improvement district by population is ID No. 9, located within Banff National Park, with 1,004, while its largest by land area is ID No. 24, located within Wood Buffalo National Park, at 33,053.78 km2 (12,762.14 sq mi).[3][32] ID No. 13 (Elk Island), ID No. 12 (Jasper National Park) and ID No. 25 (Willmore Wilderness) are unpopulated,[b] while its smallest by land area is ID No. 13 (Elk Island) at 165.00 km2 (63.71 sq mi).[3] Alberta Municipal Affairs recognizes two unincorporated communities within improvement districts as hamlets – Lake Louise within ID No. 9 (Banff National Park) and Waterton Park within ID No. 4 (Waterton Lakes National Park).[27]

Special areas

Main article: Special Areas Board

In Alberta, a special area is a type of rural municipality that can be incorporated by the Lieutenant Governor in Council under the authority of the Special Areas Act, which was enacted in 2000.[8][32] They were originally created in 1938 as a result of hardship brought upon a particular area in southeastern Alberta during the drought of the 1930s.[32]

Alberta has three special areas that had a cumulative population of 4,238 in the 2021 Census of Populations.[2][3] The province's largest by population and land area is Special Area (SA) No. 2 with 1,860 and 9,195.06 km2 (3,550.23 sq mi) respectively. Alberta's smallest by population is SA No. 3 with 1,142, while its smallest by land area is SA No. 4 with 4,299.80 km2 (1,660.16 sq mi).[3] The last special area to form was SA No. 4, which incorporated on January 1, 1969 through the removal of certain lands from SA No. 3.[35] The three special areas are administered as a single unit by the Special Areas Board, and are home to 16 unincorporated communities recognized as hamlets by Alberta Municipal Affairs.[32][35]

List of rural municipalities

List of rural municipalities in Alberta
Name Status[2] Incorporation date
(current status)
[35][36][37]
2021 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
AcadiaMD of Acadia No. 34 Municipal district December 9, 1913 494 493 +0.2% 1,070.92 0.5
Athabasca County Municipal district January 1, 1947 6,959 7,869 −11.6% 6,111.30 1.1
BarrheadCounty of Barrhead No. 11 Municipal district January 1, 1955 5,877 6,288 −6.5% 2,385.28 2.5
Beaver County, Alberta Municipal district February 1, 1943 5,868 5,905 −0.6% 3,219.74 1.8
Big Lakes County[g] Municipal district January 1, 1995 3,664 3,780 −3.1% 12,259.29 0.3
BighornMD of Bighorn No. 8 Municipal district January 1, 1988 1,598 1,324 +20.7% 2,678.80 0.6
Birch Hills County Municipal district January 1, 1995 1,516 1,553 −2.4% 2,848.75 0.5
BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87[h][i] Municipal district January 1, 1955 12,912 12,745 +1.3% 11,631.87 1.1
Brazeau County Municipal district July 1, 1988 7,179 7,771 −7.6% 3,000.14 2.4
Camrose County Municipal district January 1, 1944 8,504 8,660 −1.8% 3,291.75 2.6
Cardston County Municipal district January 1, 1954 4,856 4,481 +8.4% 3,358.39 1.4
Clear Hills County Municipal district January 1, 1995 3,006 3,018 −0.4% 15,025.54 0.2
Clearwater County, Alberta Municipal district January 1, 1985 11,865 11,947 −0.7% 18,605.71 0.6
Cypress County Municipal district January 1, 1985 7,524 7,662 −1.8% 12,977.99 0.6
FairviewMD of Fairview No. 136 Municipal district December 9, 1914 1,580 1,604 −1.5% 1,373.66 1.2
Flagstaff County Municipal district January 1, 1944 3,694 3,728 −0.9% 3,959.78 0.9
Foothills County Municipal district January 1, 1954 23,199 22,616 +2.6% 3,604.76 6.4
Forty MileCounty of Forty Mile No. 8 Municipal district January 1, 1954 3,471 3,581 −3.1% 7,163.61 0.5
Grande PrairieCounty of Grande Prairie No. 1 Municipal district December 21, 1943 23,769 22,502 +5.6% 5,790.59 4.1
GreenviewMD of Greenview No. 16 Municipal district January 1, 1994 8,584 9,154 −6.2% 32,925.53 0.3
ID04Improvement District No. 4 Improvement district January 1, 1944 158 105 +50.5% 482.54 0.3
ID09Improvement District No. 9 Improvement district April 1, 1945 1,004 1,028 −2.3% 6,751.09 0.1
ID12Improvement District No. 12 Improvement district April 1, 1945 0 53 −100.0% 10,118.55 0.0
ID13Improvement District No. 13 Improvement district April 1, 1958 0 0 NA 165.00 0.0
ID24Improvement District No. 24 Improvement district January 1, 1967 706 648 +9.0% 33,053.78 0.0
ID25Improvement District No. 25 Improvement district January 2, 1994 0 0 NA 4,601.52 0.0
Kananaskis Improvement District Improvement district January 1, 1983 156 221 −29.4% 4,203.24 0.0
Kneehill County Municipal district January 1, 1944 4,992 5,001 −0.2% 3,373.40 1.5
Lac Ste. Anne County Municipal district January 1, 1944 10,832 10,899 −0.6% 2,845.84 3.8
Lacombe County Municipal district January 1, 1944 10,283 10,343 −0.6% 2,759.12 3.7
Lamont County Municipal district January 1, 1944 3,754 3,884 −3.3% 2,385.58 1.6
Leduc County Municipal district January 1, 1944 14,416 13,177 +9.4% 2,502.59 5.8
Lesser Slave RiverMD of Lesser Slave River No. 124 Municipal district January 1, 1995 2,861 2,803 +2.1% 10,041.79 0.3
Lethbridge County Municipal district January 1, 1954 10,120 10,237 −1.1% 2,815.66 3.6
MinburnCounty of Minburn No. 27 Municipal district January 30, 1942 3,014 3,188 −5.5% 2,850.37 1.1
Mountain View County Municipal district January 1, 1944 12,981 13,074 −0.7% 3,763.42 3.4
NewellCounty of Newell Municipal district January 1, 1953 7,465 7,524 −0.8% 5,810.15 1.3
Northern LightsCounty of Northern Lights[j] Municipal district January 1, 1995 3,601 3,656 −1.5% 18,900.57 0.2
Northern Sunrise County[k] Municipal district April 1, 1994 1,711 1,921 −10.9% 20,914.35 0.1
OpportunityMD of Opportunity No. 17 Municipal district August 1, 1995 3,382 3,253 +4.0% 28,857.88 0.1
PaintearthCounty of Paintearth No. 18 Municipal district January 1, 1944 1,990 2,102 −5.3% 3,239.58 0.6
Parkland County Municipal district January 1, 1969 32,205 32,737 −1.6% 2,375.67 13.6
PeaceMD of Peace No. 135 Municipal district December 11, 1916 1,581 1,752 −9.8% 847.22 1.9
Pincher CreekMD of Pincher Creek No. 9 Municipal district January 1, 1944 3,240 2,965 +9.3% 3,455.75 0.9
Ponoka County Municipal district January 1, 1952 9,998 9,806 +2.0% 2,807.99 3.6
ProvostMD of Provost No. 52 Municipal district March 1, 1943 2,071 2,205 −6.1% 3,571.12 0.6
RanchlandMD of Ranchland No. 66 Municipal district January 1, 1995 110 92 +19.6% 2,636.75 0.0
Red Deer County Municipal district January 1, 1944 19,933 19,531 +2.1% 3,919.25 5.1
Rocky View County Municipal district January 1, 1955 41,028 39,407 +4.1% 3,828.85 10.7
Saddle Hills County Municipal district January 1, 1995 2,338 2,225 +5.1% 5,827.70 0.4
Smoky Lake County[l] Municipal district March 1, 1943 2,939 3,145 −6.6% 2,265.41 1.3
Smoky RiverMD of Smoky River No. 130 Municipal district January 1, 1952 1,684 2,006 −16.1% 2,834.18 0.6
Special Area No. 2 Special area April 7, 1959 1,860 1,905 −2.4% 9,195.06 0.2
Special Area No. 3 Special area April 7, 1959 1,142 1,153 −1.0% 6,469.33 0.2
Special Area No. 4 Special area January 1, 1969 1,236 1,237 −0.1% 4,299.80 0.3
Spirit RiverMD of Spirit River No. 133 Municipal district December 11, 1916 649 700 −7.3% 679.86 1.0
St. PaulCounty of St. Paul No. 19 Municipal district January 30, 1942 6,306 6,036 +4.5% 3,280.40 1.9
Starland County Municipal district February 1, 1943 1,821 2,066 −11.9% 2,540.85 0.7
StettlerCounty of Stettler No. 6 Municipal district March 1, 1943 5,666 5,566 +1.8% 3,969.65 1.4
Sturgeon County Municipal district January 1, 1955 20,061 20,495 −2.1% 2,084.24 9.6
TaberMD of Taber Municipal district January 1, 1954 7,447 7,098 +4.9% 4,160.47 1.8
Thorhild County Municipal district January 1, 1955 3,042 3,254 −6.5% 1,997.17 1.5
Two HillsCounty of Two Hills No. 21 Municipal district January 1, 1944 3,412 3,641 −6.3% 2,600.15 1.3
Vermilion RiverCounty of Vermilion River Municipal district January 1, 1944 7,994 8,453 −5.4% 5,420.13 1.5
Vulcan County Municipal district January 1, 1951 4,237 3,984 +6.4% 5,356.65 0.8
WainwrightMD of Wainwright No. 61 Municipal district January 30, 1942 4,276 4,464 −4.2% 4,095.29 1.0
WarnerCounty of Warner No. 5 Municipal district January 1, 1954 4,290 3,942 +8.8% 4,462.20 1.0
Westlock County Municipal district February 1, 1943 7,186 7,220 −0.5% 3,169.66 2.3
WetaskiwinCounty of Wetaskiwin No. 10 Municipal district February 1, 1943 11,212 11,176 +0.3% 3,121.98 3.6
Wheatland County, Alberta Municipal district January 1, 1955 8,738 8,788 −0.6% 4,505.05 1.9
Willow CreekMD of Willow Creek No. 26 Municipal district January 1, 1954 6,081 5,575 +9.1% 4,485.05 1.4
Woodlands County Municipal district January 1, 1994 4,558 4,744 −3.9% 7,599.52 0.6
Yellowhead County Municipal district January 1, 1994 10,426 10,995 −5.2% 22,238.56 0.5
Sub-total municipal districts 470,620 470,304 +0.1% 383,878.12 1.2
Sub-total improvement districts 2,024 2,055 −1.5% 59,375.72 0.0
Sub-total special areas 4,238 4,295 −1.3% 19,964.19 0.2
Total rural municipalities 481,120 481,512 −0.1% 468,246.83 1.0
Province of Alberta 4,262,635 4,067,175 +4.8% 634,658.27 6.7

Metis settlements

Distribution of Alberta's 8 Metis settlements among its 63 municipal districts (2020)
Distribution of Alberta's 8 Metis settlements among its 63 municipal districts (2020)

Main article: Metis in Alberta

Metis settlements are unique local governments dedicated to Alberta's Metis people.[38][m] The settlements were originally created in 1938 under the authority of the Metis Population Betterment Act with land and governance being transferred to the settlements in 1989.[38] Metis settlements are presently under the jurisdiction of the Metis Settlements Act, which was enacted in 2000.[9]

Alberta has eight Metis settlements.[2] Unlike the other types of municipalities, Metis settlements are not recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada for federal census purposes.[13] Rather, Statistics Canada recognizes them as designated places embedded within six municipal districts.[33]

Alberta's eight Metis settlements had a cumulative population of 4,238 in the 2021 Census of Population.[31][39] The province's largest and smallest Metis settlements by population are Kikino and East Prairie with 978 and 310 respectively, while the largest and smallest by land area are Paddle Prairie and Elizabeth at 1,726.45 km2 (666.59 sq mi) and 246.45 km2 (95.15 sq mi) respectively.[31]

List of Metis settlements in Alberta
Name Municipal district
or specialized
municipality
[27]
2021 Census of Population[31]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
Buffalo Lake Smoky Lake County 379 712 −46.8% 335.68 1.1
East Prairie Big Lakes County 310 304 +2.0% 328.42 0.9
Elizabeth BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87 594 653 −9.0% 246.45 2.4
Fishing Lake BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87 414 446 −7.2% 348.64 1.2
Gift Lake[n] Big Lakes County
Northern Sunrise County
625 658 −5.0% 803.29 0.8
Kikino[o] Smoky Lake County
Lac La Biche County
978 934 +4.7% 441.69 2.2
Paddle Prairie Northern LightsCounty of Northern Lights 551 544 +1.3% 1,726.45 0.3
Peavine Big Lakes County 387 607 −36.2% 798.95 0.5
Total Metis settlements 4,238 4,858 −12.8% 5,029.57 0.8
Province of Alberta 4,262,635 4,067,175 +4.8% 634,658.27 6.7

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The remaining 1% of Alberta's population resides on Indian reserves or Indian settlements, which occupy the remaining 0.3% of the province's land mass.[3]
  2. ^ a b Actual population may not be 0 as Statistics Canada, to protect privacy, rounds population to the nearest 5 in the event a geographic area's actual population is less than 15.[12]
  3. ^ Jasper's 2011 municipal census also counted a shadow (non-permanent resident) population of 652 for a combined population of 5,236.
  4. ^ Excludes the unpopulated land area of the portion of the Kikino Metis Settlement that is within Lac La Biche County.
  5. ^ Wood Buffalo's 2015 municipal census also counted a shadow population of 43,084 for a combined population of 125,032.
  6. ^ Statistics presented for six municipal districts (the Big Lakes County, the MD of Bonnyville No. 87, Lac La Biche County, the County of Northern Lights, Northern Sunrise County and Smoky Lake County) differ from statistics for their corresponding census subdivisions published by Statistics Canada to recognize that Alberta's eight Metis settlements, which are designated places located within these six municipal districts, are separate municipalities.[33] The statistics presented for total municipal districts and total rural municipalities therefore exclude the statistics associated with the eight Metis settlements.
  7. ^ Excludes the populations and land areas of the East Prairie and Peavine Metis settlements and the portion of the Gift Lake Metis Settlement that are within Big Lakes County.
  8. ^ Includes the population and land area of the former Improvement District No. 349 that dissolved by way of annexation to the MD of Bonnyville No. 87 on May 1, 2021.[34]
  9. ^ Excludes the populations and land areas of the Elizabeth and Fishing Lake Metis settlements that are within the Municipal District of Bonnyville No. 87.
  10. ^ Excludes the population and land area of the Paddle Prairie Metis Settlement that is within the County of Northern Lights.
  11. ^ Excludes the unpopulated land area of the portion of the Gift Lake Metis Settlement that is within Northern Sunrise County.
  12. ^ Excludes the populations and land areas of the Buffalo Lake Metis Settlement and the portion of the Kikino Metis Settlement that are within Smoky Lake County.
  13. ^ The Metis are descendants of people of mixed First Nations and European heritage.
  14. ^ Gift Lake comprises two parts. The majority is located within Big Lakes County, while the balance is located within Northern Sunrise County. The Big Lakes County portion (part "A") had a population of 625 living on 802.46 km2 (309.83 sq mi) in 2021, while the Northern Sunrise County portion (part "B") had a population of 0 living on 0.83 km2 (0.32 sq mi).[31]
  15. ^ Kikino comprises two parts. The majority is located within Smoky Lake County, while the balance is located within Lac La Biche County. The Smoky Lake County portion (part "A") had a population of 978 living on 440.92 km2 (170.24 sq mi) in 2021, while the Lac La Biche County portion (part "B") had a population of 0 living on 0.77 km2 (0.30 sq mi).[31]

References

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