Location of Alberta in Canada
Location of Alberta in Canada
Distribution of Alberta's 6 specialized municipalities (red) and 73 rural municipalities, which include municipal districts (orange), improvement districts (dark green) and special areas (light green)
Distribution of Alberta's 6 specialized municipalities (red) and 73 rural municipalities, which include municipal districts (orange), improvement districts (dark green) and special areas (light green)

Alberta is the fourth-most populous province in Canada with 4,262,635 residents as of 2021 Census of Population and is the fourth-largest in land area at 634,658 km2 (245,043 sq mi).[1] Alberta's 344 municipalities cover 99.7% of the province's land mass and are home to 99% of its population.[2][a] These municipalities provide local government services, including roads, water, sewer and garbage collection among others, and a variety of programs to their residents.[4][5]

According to the Municipal Government Act (MGA), which was enacted in 2000, a municipality in Alberta is "a city, town, village, summer village, municipal district or specialized municipality, a town under the Parks Towns Act, or a municipality formed by special Act".[6] The MGA also recognizes improvement districts and special areas as municipal authorities while Metis settlements are recognized as municipalities by the Government of Alberta's Ministry of Municipal Affairs.[6][7] Cities, towns, villages, summer villages, municipal districts, specialized municipalities and improvement districts are formed under the provincial authority of the MGA.[6] Special areas and Metis settlements are formed under the provincial authority of the Special Areas Act (SAA) and the Metis Settlements Act (MSA) respectively, of which both were enacted in 2000.[8][9] As provincial law, the MGA, the SAA and the MSA were passed by the Legislative Assembly of Alberta with royal assent granted by the Lieutenant Governor.[10]

Of Alberta's 344 municipalities, 257 of them are urban municipalities (19 cities, 106 towns, 81 villages and 51 summer villages), 6 are specialized municipalities, 73 are rural municipalities (63 municipal districts, 7 improvement districts and 3 special areas) and 8 are Metis settlements.[2] The MGA, the SAA and the MSA stipulate governance of these municipalities.[6][8][9] Alberta's Ministry of Municipal Affairs is responsible for providing provincial services to municipalities.[11]

Over half of Alberta's population resides in its two largest cities. Calgary, the largest city, is home to 30.7% of the province's population (1,306,784 residents), while Edmonton, Alberta's capital city, is home to 23.7% (1,010,899 residents).[3] Improvement District No. 13 (Elk Island). Improvement District No. 12 (Jasper National Park) and Improvement District No. 25 (Willmore Wilderness) are Alberta's smallest municipalities by population; they are unpopulated according to the 2021 Census of Population.[3][b] The largest municipality by land area is Mackenzie County at 79,629.26 km2 (30,745.03 sq mi), while the smallest by land area is the Summer Village of Castle Island at 0.05 km2 (0.019 sq mi).[3]

Urban municipalities

Distribution of Alberta's 260 urban municipalities including 19 cities (black), 106 towns (dark purple), 81 villages (light purple) and 51 summer villages (pink) (2011)
Distribution of Alberta's 260 urban municipalities including 19 cities (black), 106 towns (dark purple), 81 villages (light purple) and 51 summer villages (pink) (2011)

Alberta's Municipal Government Act (MGA), enacted in 2000, defines urban municipality as a "city, town, village or summer village."[6] For federal census purposes, Statistics Canada recognizes all four urban municipality types as census subdivisions.[13]

Combined, Alberta has 257 urban municipalities comprising 19 cities, 106 towns, 81 villages and 51 summer villages.[2] The 257 urban municipalities have a total population of 3,533,377, a total land area of 4,052.34 km2 (1,564.62 sq mi). These totals represent 83% of Alberta's population yet only 0.6% of its land area.

Cities

Main article: List of cities in Alberta

The MGA stipulates that an area may incorporate as a city if it has a population of 10,000 people or more and the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m2 (19,900 sq ft).[6] Alberta has 19 cities that had a cumulative population of 3,023,641 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] These 19 cities include Lloydminster, of which a portion is located within the neighbouring province of Saskatchewan.[14] Alberta's largest city by population and land area is Calgary with 1,306,784 and 820.62 km2 (316.84 sq mi), while Wetaskiwin is its smallest city by population with 12,594 and land area at 18.75 km2 (7.24 sq mi).[3] Beaumont is Alberta's newest city; it became Alberta's 19th city on January 1, 2019.[15]

Towns

Main article: List of towns in Alberta

The MGA stipulates that an area may incorporate as a town if it has a population of 1,000 people or more and the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m2 (19,900 sq ft).[6] Alberta has 106 towns that had a cumulative population of 471,028 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3][16] The province's largest and smallest towns by population are Cochrane and Rainbow Lake with 32,199 and 495 respectively, while its largest and smallest by land area are Drumheller and Eckville with 107.56 km2 (41.53 sq mi) and 1.61 km2 (0.62 sq mi) respectively.[3] Nobleford is Alberta's newest town, which changed from a village to a town on February 28, 2021.[17]

Villages

Main article: List of villages in Alberta

The MGA stipulates that an area may incorporate as a village if it has a population of 300 people or more and the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m2 (19,900 sq ft).[6] Alberta has 81 villages that had a cumulative population of 32,753 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] The province's largest and smallest villages by population are Stirling and Halkirk with 1,164 and 92 respectively, while its largest and smallest by land area are Chipman and Edberg with 9.60 km2 (3.71 sq mi) and 0.35 km2 (0.14 sq mi) respectively.[3] The last communities to incorporate as villages were Alberta Beach and Spring Lake, which both changed from summer villages to villages on January 1, 1999.[18]

Summer villages

Main article: List of summer villages in Alberta

Under previous legislation, a community could incorporate as a summer village if it had "a minimum of 50 separate buildings occupied as dwellings at any time during a six-month period".[19] A community can no longer incorporate as a summer village under the MGA.[6][20]

Alberta has 51 summer villages that had a cumulative population of 5,955 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] The province's largest summer village by population is Norglenwold with 306, while Castle Island is Alberta's smallest summer village with a population of 15.[3] The province's largest and smallest summer villages by land area are Silver Sands and Castle Island with 2.51 km2 (0.97 sq mi) and 0.05 km2 (0.019 sq mi) respectively.[3] Gull Lake and Kapasiwin were the last communities in Alberta to incorporate as summer villages. Both were incorporated on September 1, 1993.[21] Since then, two summer villages have incorporated as villages (Alberta Beach and Edmonton Beach, now named Spring Lake) and one has dissolved (White Gull).[18][22]

List

List of urban municipalities in Alberta
Name Status[2] Incorporation date
(current status)
[23][24][18][21]
2021 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km2)
Population
density
(per km2)
Acme Village July 7, 1910 606 653 −7.2% 2.49 243.4/km2
Airdrie City January 1, 1985 74,100 61,581 +20.3% 84.39 878.1/km2
Alberta Beach Village January 1, 1999 864 1,018 −15.1% 2.02 427.7/km2
Alix Village June 3, 1907 774 734 +5.4% 3.11 248.9/km2
Alliance Village August 26, 1918 166 159 +4.4% 0.62 267.7/km2
Amisk Village January 1, 1956 219 204 +7.4% 0.76 288.2/km2
Andrew Village June 24, 1930 366 425 −13.9% 1.18 310.2/km2
Argentia Beach Summer village January 1, 1967 39 27 +44.4% 0.62 62.9/km2
Arrowwood Village May 13, 1926 188 207 −9.2% 0.75 250.7/km2
Athabasca Town September 19, 1911 2,759 2,965 −6.9% 17.79 155.1/km2
Banff Town January 1, 1990 8,305 7,851 +5.8% 4.08 2,035.5/km2
Barnwell Village January 1, 1980 978 947 +3.3% 1.50 652.0/km2
Barons Village May 6, 1910 313 341 −8.2% 0.81 386.4/km2
Barrhead Town November 26, 1946 4,320 4,579 −5.7% 8.20 526.8/km2
Bashaw Town May 1, 1964 848 830 +2.2% 2.72 311.8/km2
Bassano Town January 16, 1911 1,216 1,206 +0.8% 5.23 232.5/km2
Bawlf Village October 12, 1906 412 422 −2.4% 0.89 462.9/km2
Beaumont City January 1, 2019 20,888 17,457 +19.7% 24.70 845.7/km2
Beaverlodge Town January 24, 1956 2,271 2,465 −7.9% 5.38 422.1/km2
Beiseker Village February 23, 1921 754 819 −7.9% 2.85 264.6/km2
Bentley Town January 1, 2001 1,042 1,078 −3.3% 2.24 465.2/km2
Berwyn Village November 28, 1936 577 538 +7.2% 1.57 367.5/km2
Betula Beach Summer village January 1, 1960 27 16 +68.8% 0.23 117.4/km2
Big Valley Village March 9, 1942 331 346 −4.3% 1.86 178.0/km2
Birch Cove Summer village December 31, 1988 67 45 +48.9% 0.29 231.0/km2
Birchcliff Summer village January 1, 1972 211 117 +80.3% 0.97 217.5/km2
Bittern Lake Village November 2, 1904 216 220 −1.8% 6.57 32.9/km2
Black Diamond Town January 1, 1956 2,730 2,705 +0.9% 6.82 400.3/km2
Blackfalds Town April 1, 1980 10,470 9,328 +12.2% 16.58 631.5/km2
Bon Accord Town November 20, 1979 1,461 1,529 −4.4% 3.99 366.2/km2
Bondiss Summer village January 1, 1983 124 110 +12.7% 1.18 105.1/km2
Bonnyville Town February 3, 1948 6,404 5,975 +7.2% 14.17 451.9/km2
Bonnyville Beach Summer village January 1, 1958 70 84 −16.7% 0.23 304.3/km2
Bow Island Town February 1, 1912 2,036 1,983 +2.7% 5.68 358.5/km2
Bowden Town September 1, 1981 1,280 1,240 +3.2% 3.46 369.9/km2
Boyle Village December 31, 1953 825 845 −2.4% 7.12 115.9/km2
Breton Village January 1, 1957 567 574 −1.2% 1.72 329.7/km2
Brooks City September 1, 2005 14,924 14,451 +3.3% 18.21 819.5/km2
Bruderheim Town September 17, 1980 1,329 1,323 +0.5% 9.28 143.2/km2
Burnstick Lake Summer village December 31, 1991 21 15 +40.0% 0.18 116.7/km2
Calgary City January 1, 1894 1,306,784 1,239,220 +5.5% 820.62 1,592.4/km2
Calmar Town January 19, 1954 2,183 2,228 −2.0% 4.67 467.5/km2
Camrose City January 1, 1955 18,772 18,742 +0.2% 41.67 450.5/km2
Canmore Town June 1, 1966 15,990 13,992 +14.3% 68.47 233.5/km2
Carbon Village November 18, 1912 492 454 +8.4% 1.99 247.2/km2
Cardston Town July 2, 1901 3,724 3,585 +3.9% 8.58 434.0/km2
Carmangay Village March 4, 1936 269 242 +11.2% 1.80 149.4/km2
Caroline Village December 31, 1951 470 512 −8.2% 2.04 230.4/km2
Carstairs Town September 1, 1966 4,898 4,077 +20.1% 11.77 416.1/km2
Castle Island Summer village January 1, 1955 15 10 +50.0% 0.05 300.0/km2
Castor Town June 27, 1910 803 929 −13.6% 2.61 307.7/km2
Champion Village May 27, 1911 351 317 +10.7% 0.88 398.9/km2
Chauvin Village December 30, 1912 304 335 −9.3% 2.22 136.9/km2
Chestermere City January 1, 2015 22,163 19,887 +11.4% 32.83 675.1/km2
Chipman Village October 21, 1913 246 274 −10.2% 9.60 25.6/km2
Claresholm Town August 31, 1905 3,804 3,790 +0.4% 10.51 361.9/km2
Clive Village January 9, 1912 775 715 +8.4% 2.17 357.1/km2
Clyde Village January 28, 1914 415 430 −3.5% 1.28 324.2/km2
Coaldale Town January 7, 1952 8,771 8,331 +5.3% 13.58 645.9/km2
Coalhurst Town June 1, 1995 2,869 2,668 +7.5% 3.08 931.5/km2
Cochrane Town February 15, 1971 32,199 25,853 +24.5% 31.58 1,019.6/km2
Cold Lake City October 1, 2000 15,661 14,976 +4.6% 66.61 235.1/km2
Consort Village September 23, 1912 644 729 −11.7% 3.02 213.2/km2
Coronation Town April 29, 1912 868 940 −7.7% 3.57 243.1/km2
Coutts Village January 1, 1960 224 245 −8.6% 1.18 189.8/km2
Cowley Village August 16, 1906 216 209 +3.3% 1.36 158.8/km2
Cremona Village January 1, 1955 437 444 −1.6% 1.93 226.4/km2
Crossfield Town August 1, 1980 3,599 2,983 +20.7% 11.89 302.7/km2
Crystal Springs Summer village January 1, 1957 74 51 +45.1% 0.45 164.4/km2
Czar Village November 12, 1917 248 202 +22.8% 1.12 221.4/km2
Daysland Town April 2, 1907 789 824 −4.2% 1.77 445.8/km2
Delburne Village January 17, 1913 919 892 +3.0% 3.79 242.5/km2
Delia Village July 20, 1914 152 216 −29.6% 1.33 114.3/km2
Devon Town February 24, 1950 6,545 6,578 −0.5% 14.26 459.0/km2
Didsbury Town September 27, 1906 5,070 5,268 −3.8% 16.12 314.5/km2
Donalda Village December 30, 1912 226 219 +3.2% 0.97 233.0/km2
Donnelly Village January 1, 1956 338 359 −5.8% 1.26 268.3/km2
Drayton Valley Town February 1, 1957 7,291 7,235 +0.8% 30.90 236.0/km2
Drumheller Town January 1, 1998 7,909 7,982 −0.9% 107.56 73.5/km2
Duchess Village May 12, 1921 1,053 1,085 −2.9% 1.93 545.6/km2
Eckville Town July 1, 1966 1,014 1,125 −9.9% 1.61 629.8/km2
Edberg Village February 4, 1930 126 151 −16.6% 0.35 360.0/km2
Edgerton Village September 11, 1917 385 384 +0.3% 2.01 191.5/km2
Edmonton City October 8, 1904 1,010,899 933,088 +8.3% 765.61 1,320.4/km2
Edson Town September 21, 1911 8,374 8,414 −0.5% 29.43 284.5/km2
Elk Point Town January 1, 1962 1,399 1,452 −3.7% 4.91 284.9/km2
Elnora Village July 22, 1929 288 298 −3.4% 1.50 192.0/km2
Empress Village February 5, 1914 148 135 +9.6% 1.58 93.7/km2
Fairview Town April 25, 1949 2,817 2,998 −6.0% 10.67 264.0/km2
Falher Town January 1, 1955 1,001 1,047 −4.4% 2.83 353.7/km2
Foremost Village December 31, 1950 630 541 +16.5% 2.13 295.8/km2
Forestburg Village August 21, 1919 807 880 −8.3% 4.04 199.8/km2
Fort Macleod Town March 29, 1912 3,297 2,967 +11.1% 22.54 146.3/km2
Fort Saskatchewan City July 1, 1985 27,088 24,169 +12.1% 56.50 479.4/km2
Fox Creek Town September 1, 1983 1,639 1,971 −16.8% 12.26 133.7/km2
Ghost Lake Summer village December 31, 1953 82 82 0.0% 0.62 132.3/km2
Gibbons Town April 1, 1977 3,218 3,159 +1.9% 9.46 340.2/km2
Girouxville Village December 31, 1951 278 219 +26.9% 0.66 421.2/km2
Glendon Village January 1, 1956 338 493 −31.4% 1.99 169.8/km2
Glenwood Village January 1, 1961 272 316 −13.9% 1.37 198.5/km2
Golden Days Summer village January 1, 1965 248 160 +55.0% 2.13 116.4/km2
Grande Prairie City January 1, 1958 64,141 63,166 +1.5% 132.71 483.3/km2
Grandview Summer village January 1, 1967 143 109 +31.2% 0.45 317.8/km2
Grimshaw Town February 2, 1953 2,601 2,718 −4.3% 7.08 367.4/km2
Gull Lake Summer village September 1, 1993 226 176 +28.4% 0.70 322.9/km2
Half Moon Bay Summer village January 1, 1978 65 42 +54.8% 0.12 541.7/km2
Halkirk Village February 10, 1912 92 112 −17.9% 0.61 150.8/km2
Hanna Town April 14, 1914 2,394 2,559 −6.4% 8.40 285.0/km2
Hardisty Town November 9, 1910 548 554 −1.1% 4.50 121.8/km2
Hay Lakes Village April 17, 1928 456 495 −7.9% 0.59 772.9/km2
Heisler Village January 1, 1961 135 160 −15.6% 0.63 214.3/km2
High Level Town September 1, 1983 3,922 3,159 +24.2% 28.70 136.7/km2
High Prairie Town January 10, 1950 2,380 2,564 −7.2% 7.01 339.5/km2
High River Town February 12, 1906 14,324 13,594 +5.4% 22.19 645.5/km2
Hill Spring Village January 1, 1961 168 162 +3.7% 0.96 175.0/km2
Hines Creek Village December 31, 1951 335 346 −3.2% 4.88 68.6/km2
Hinton Town December 29, 1958 9,817 9,882 −0.7% 33.32 294.6/km2
Holden Village April 14, 1909 338 350 −3.4% 1.55 218.1/km2
Horseshoe Bay Summer village January 1, 1985 81 49 +65.3% 0.98 82.7/km2
Hughenden Village December 27, 1917 213 243 −12.3% 0.78 273.1/km2
Hussar Village April 20, 1928 164 190 −13.7% 0.70 234.3/km2
Innisfail Town November 20, 1903 7,985 7,847 +1.8% 19.39 411.8/km2
Innisfree Village March 11, 1911 187 193 −3.1% 1.00 187.0/km2
Irma Village May 30, 1912 477 521 −8.4% 1.32 361.4/km2
Irricana Town June 9, 2005 1,179 1,216 −3.0% 3.23 365.0/km2
Island Lake South Summer village January 1, 1958 174 228 −23.7% 1.55 112.3/km2
Island Lake South Summer village January 1, 1983 81 61 +32.8% 0.48 168.8/km2
Itaska Beach Summer village June 30, 1953 30 23 +30.4% 0.26 115.4/km2
Jarvis Bay Summer village January 1, 1986 213 213 0.0% 0.55 387.3/km2
Kapasiwin Summer village September 1, 1993 24 10 +140.0% 0.33 72.7/km2
Killam Town May 1, 1965 918 989 −7.2% 6.40 143.4/km2
Kitscoty Village March 22, 1911 852 925 −7.9% 1.51 564.2/km2
Lacombe City September 5, 2010 13,396 13,057 +2.6% 20.59 650.6/km2
Lakeview Summer village October 25, 1913 29 30 −3.3% 0.32 90.6/km2
Lamont Town May 31, 1968 1,744 1,774 −1.7% 9.14 190.8/km2
Larkspur Summer village January 1, 1985 53 44 +20.5% 0.26 203.8/km2
Leduc City September 1, 1983 34,094 29,993 +13.7% 42.25 807.0/km2
Legal Town January 1, 1998 1,232 1,345 −8.4% 3.18 387.4/km2
Lethbridge City May 9, 1906 98,406 92,729 +6.1% 121.12 812.5/km2
Linden Village January 1, 1964 704 828 −15.0% 2.55 276.1/km2
Lloydminster (part) City January 1, 1958 19,739 19,645 +0.5% 23.98 823.1/km2
Lomond Village February 16, 1916 178 166 +7.2% 1.19 149.6/km2
Longview Village January 1, 1964 297 307 −3.3% 1.10 270.0/km2
Lougheed Village November 7, 1911 225 256 −12.1% 2.00 112.5/km2
Magrath Town July 24, 1907 2,481 2,374 +4.5% 5.88 421.9/km2
Ma-Me-O Beach Summer village December 31, 1948 162 110 +47.3% 0.56 289.3/km2
Manning Town January 1, 1957 1,126 1,183 −4.8% 3.71 303.5/km2
Mannville Village December 29, 1906 765 828 −7.6% 1.64 466.5/km2
Marwayne Village December 31, 1952 543 564 −3.7% 1.60 339.4/km2
Mayerthorpe Town March 20, 1961 1,259 1,320 −4.6% 4.39 286.8/km2
McLennan Town February 11, 1948 695 701 −0.9% 3.58 194.1/km2
Medicine Hat City May 9, 1906 63,271 63,260 0.0% 111.97 565.1/km2
Mewatha Beach Summer village January 1, 1978 103 90 +14.4% 0.79 130.4/km2
Milk River Town February 7, 1956 824 827 −0.4% 2.42 340.5/km2
Millet Town September 1, 1983 1,890 1,955 −3.3% 6.62 285.5/km2
Milo Village May 7, 1931 136 91 +49.5% 0.96 141.7/km2
Morinville Town April 21, 1911 10,385 9,848 +5.5% 11.15 931.4/km2
Morrin Village April 16, 1920 205 240 −14.6% 0.67 306.0/km2
Mundare Town January 4, 1951 689 852 −19.1% 4.12 167.2/km2
Munson Village May 5, 1911 170 192 −11.5% 2.56 66.4/km2
Myrnam Village August 22, 1930 257 339 −24.2% 2.75 93.5/km2
Nakamun Park Summer village January 1, 1966 78 96 −18.7% 0.43 181.4/km2
Nampa Village January 1, 1958 367 364 +0.8% 1.69 217.2/km2
Nanton Town August 9, 1907 2,167 2,181 −0.6% 5.11 424.1/km2
Nobleford Town February 28, 2018 1,438 1,278 +12.5% 1.69 850.9/km2
Norglenwold Summer village January 1, 1965 306 273 +12.1% 0.62 493.5/km2
Norris Beach Summer village December 31, 1988 71 38 +86.8% 0.19 373.7/km2
Okotoks Town June 1, 1904 30,405 29,016 +4.8% 38.55 788.7/km2
Olds Town July 1, 1905 9,209 9,184 +0.3% 14.92 617.2/km2
Onoway Town September 1, 2005 966 1,029 −6.1% 3.31 291.8/km2
Oyen Town September 1, 1965 917 1,001 −8.4% 5.15 178.1/km2
Paradise Valley Village January 1, 1964 153 179 −14.5% 0.63 242.9/km2
Parkland Beach Summer village January 1, 1984 168 153 +9.8% 0.94 178.7/km2
Peace River Town December 1, 1919 6,619 6,842 −3.3% 25.34 261.2/km2
Pelican Narrows Summer village July 1, 1979 158 151 +4.6% 0.74 213.5/km2
Penhold Town September 1, 1980 3,484 3,287 +6.0% 11.20 311.1/km2
Picture Butte Town January 1, 1960 1,930 1,810 +6.6% 3.02 639.1/km2
Pincher Creek Town May 12, 1906 3,622 3,642 −0.5% 9.87 367.0/km2
Point Alison Summer village December 31, 1950 18 10 +80.0% 0.19 94.7/km2
Ponoka Town October 15, 1904 7,331 7,229 +1.4% 17.22 425.7/km2
Poplar Bay Summer village January 1, 1967 113 103 +9.7% 0.71 159.2/km2
Provost Town December 29, 1952 1,900 1,998 −4.9% 4.75 400.0/km2
Rainbow Lake Town September 1, 1995 495 795 −37.7% 10.76 46.0/km2
Raymond Town July 1, 1903 4,199 3,713 +13.1% 7.63 550.3/km2
Red Deer City March 25, 1913 100,844 100,418 +0.4% 104.34 966.5/km2
Redcliff Town August 5, 1912 5,581 5,600 −0.3% 16.15 345.6/km2
Redwater Town December 31, 1950 2,115 2,053 +3.0% 19.93 106.1/km2
Rimbey Town December 13, 1948 2,470 2,567 −3.8% 11.38 217.0/km2
Rochon Sands Summer village May 17, 1929 97 86 +12.8% 2.03 47.8/km2
Rocky Mountain House Town August 31, 1939 6,765 6,635 +2.0% 13.05 518.4/km2
Rockyford Village March 28, 1919 395 316 +25.0% 1.04 379.8/km2
Rosalind Village January 1, 1966 162 188 −13.8% 0.62 261.3/km2
Rosemary Village December 31, 1951 370 396 −6.6% 0.59 627.1/km2
Ross Haven Summer village January 1, 1962 126 160 −21.3% 0.70 180.0/km2
Rycroft Village March 15, 1944 550 612 −10.1% 1.85 297.3/km2
Ryley Village April 2, 1910 484 483 +0.2% 2.53 191.3/km2
Sandy Beach Summer village January 1, 1956 278 278 0.0% 2.41 115.4/km2
Seba Beach Summer village August 20, 1920 229 169 +35.5% 0.53 432.1/km2
Sedgewick Town May 1, 1966 761 811 −6.2% 2.71 280.8/km2
Sexsmith Town October 15, 1979 2,427 2,620 −7.4% 13.01 186.5/km2
Silver Beach Summer village December 31, 1953 55 65 −15.4% 0.61 90.2/km2
Silver Sands Summer village January 1, 1969 214 160 +33.7% 2.51 85.3/km2
Slave Lake Town August 2, 1965 6,836 6,651 +2.8% 14.31 477.7/km2
Smoky Lake Town February 1, 1962 1,127 964 +16.9% 4.26 264.6/km2
South Baptiste Summer village January 1, 1983 70 66 +6.1% 0.91 76.9/km2
South View Summer village January 1, 1970 72 67 +7.5% 0.44 163.6/km2
Spirit River Town September 18, 1951 849 995 −14.7% 3.11 273.0/km2
Spring Lake Village January 1, 1999 711 699 +1.7% 2.28 311.8/km2
Spruce Grove City March 1, 1986 37,645 34,108 +10.4% 37.52 1,003.3/km2
St. Albert City January 1, 1977 68,232 65,589 +4.0% 47.84 1,426.3/km2
St. Paul Town December 15, 1936 5,863 5,827 +0.6% 8.64 678.6/km2
Standard Village April 29, 1922 353 353 0.0% 2.34 150.9/km2
Stavely Town May 25, 1912 544 541 +0.6% 1.78 305.6/km2
Stettler Town November 23, 1906 5,695 5,952 −4.3% 13.19 431.8/km2
Stirling Village September 3, 1901 1,164 978 +19.0% 2.70 431.1/km2
Stony Plain Town December 10, 1908 17,993 17,189 +4.7% 35.45 507.6/km2
Strathmore Town July 6, 1911 14,339 13,756 +4.2% 26.98 531.5/km2
Sunbreaker Cove Summer village December 31, 1990 131 81 +61.7% 0.47 278.7/km2
Sundance Beach Summer village January 1, 1970 42 73 −42.5% 0.43 97.7/km2
Sundre Town January 1, 1956 2,672 2,729 −2.1% 10.84 246.5/km2
Sunrise Beach Summer village December 31, 1988 153 135 +13.3% 1.66 92.2/km2
Sunset Beach Summer village May 1, 1977 55 49 +12.2% 0.87 63.2/km2
Sunset Point Summer village January 1, 1959 257 169 +52.1% 1.17 219.7/km2
Swan Hills Town January 1, 1967 1,201 1,301 −7.7% 25.87 46.4/km2
Sylvan Lake Town May 20, 1946 15,995 14,816 +8.0% 23.09 692.7/km2
Taber Town July 1, 1907 8,862 8,428 +5.1% 19.32 458.7/km2
Thorsby Town January 1, 2017 967 985 −1.8% 3.80 254.5/km2
Three Hills Town January 1, 1929 3,042 3,212 −5.3% 6.74 451.3/km2
Tofield Town September 10, 1909 2,045 2,081 −1.7% 8.21 249.1/km2
Trochu Town August 1, 1962 998 1,058 −5.7% 2.78 359.0/km2
Turner Valley Town September 1, 1977 2,611 2,559 +2.0% 5.75 454.1/km2
Two Hills Town January 1, 1955 1,416 1,352 +4.7% 3.11 455.3/km2
Val Quentin Summer village January 1, 1966 158 252 −37.3% 0.29 544.8/km2
Valleyview Town February 5, 1957 1,673 1,863 −10.2% 9.17 182.4/km2
Vauxhall Town January 1, 1961 1,286 1,222 +5.2% 2.71 474.5/km2
Vegreville Town August 15, 1906 5,689 5,708 −0.3% 14.08 404.0/km2
Vermilion Town August 27, 1906 3,948 4,084 −3.3% 12.72 310.4/km2
Veteran Village June 30, 1914 214 207 +3.4% 0.84 254.8/km2
Viking Town November 10, 1952 986 1,083 −9.0% 3.45 285.8/km2
Vilna Village June 23, 1923 268 290 −7.6% 0.96 279.2/km2
Vulcan Town June 15, 1921 1,769 1,917 −7.7% 6.28 281.7/km2
Wainwright Town July 14, 1910 6,606 6,285 +5.1% 12.17 542.8/km2
Waiparous Summer village January 1, 1986 57 49 +16.3% 0.41 139.0/km2
Warburg Village December 31, 1953 676 766 −11.7% 2.56 264.1/km2
Warner Village November 12, 1908 364 373 −2.4% 1.16 313.8/km2
Waskatenau Village May 19, 1932 247 186 +32.8% 0.59 418.6/km2
Wembley Town August 1, 1980 1,432 1,516 −5.5% 4.74 302.1/km2
West Baptiste Summer village January 1, 1983 46 38 +21.1% 0.54 85.2/km2
West Cove Summer village January 1, 1963 222 149 +49.0% 1.30 170.8/km2
Westlock Town January 7, 1947 4,921 5,101 −3.5% 13.37 368.1/km2
Wetaskiwin City May 9, 1906 12,594 12,655 −0.5% 18.75 671.7/km2
Whispering Hills Summer village January 1, 1983 128 142 −9.9% 1.64 78.0/km2
White Sands Summer village January 1, 1980 174 120 +45.0% 1.61 108.1/km2
Whitecourt Town December 20, 1971 9,927 10,209 −2.8% 29.51 336.4/km2
Yellowstone Summer village January 1, 1965 117 137 −14.6% 0.28 417.9/km2
Youngstown Village December 31, 1936 171 154 +11.0% 1.11 154.1/km2
Total cities 3,023,641 2,838,191 +6.5% 2,572.21 1,175.5/km2
Total towns 471,028 455,389 +3.4% 1,294.84 363.8/km2
Total villages 32,753 33,800 −3.1% 146.36 223.8/km2
Total summer villages 5,955 5,171 +15.2% 38.93 153.0/km2
Total urban municipalities 3,533,377 3,332,551 +6.0% 4,052.34 871.9/km2
Province of Alberta 4,262,635 4,067,175 +4.8% 634,658.27 6.7/km2

Specialized municipalities

Distribution of Alberta's six specialized municipalities and three urban service areas (2020)
Distribution of Alberta's six specialized municipalities and three urban service areas (2020)
Sherwood Park is an urban service area within Strathcona County.
Fort McMurray is an urban service area within the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo.

Main article: List of specialized municipalities in Alberta

Specialized municipalities in Alberta are unique local governments.[25] Alberta's Municipal Government Act (MGA), enacted in 2000, provides the authority to form a specialized municipality under the following scenarios:[6]

Alberta has six specialized municipalities, which are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada.[2][13] In the 2021 Census of Population, they had a cumulative population of 202,461, a total land area of 155,463.32 km2 (60,024.72 sq mi).[3] These totals represent 5% of Alberta's population yet 24.5% of its land area.

The province's largest and smallest specialized municipalities by population are Strathcona County and the Municipality of Jasper with 99,225 and 4,738 respectively, while its largest and smallest by land area are Mackenzie County and the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass with 79,629.26 km2 (30,745.03 sq mi) and 370.15 km2 (142.92 sq mi) respectively.[3] Lac La Biche County is Alberta's newest specialized municipality, which was formed on January 1, 2018.[26] Alberta's first specialized municipality was the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo, which formed on April 1, 1995.[26]

Strathcona County and the Regional Municipality (RM) of Wood Buffalo are home to the unincorporated hamlets of Sherwood Park and Fort McMurray respectively.[27] These communities are designated urban service areas, which are deemed equivalents of cities.[28][29] Excluding Sherwood Park and Fort McMurray, 18 other unincorporated communities, also recognized as hamlets by Alberta Municipal Affairs, are distributed among Mackenzie County, Strathcona County and the RM of Wood Buffalo.[27]

List

List of specialized municipalities in Alberta
Name Incorporation date
(specialized
municipality)[26]
2021 Census of Population[30]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km2)
Population
density
(per km2)
Crowsnest Pass, Municipality of January 16, 2008 5,695 5,589 +1.9% 370.15 15.4/km2
Jasper, Municipality of July 20, 2001 4,738 4,590 +3.2% 921.90 5.1/km2
Lac La Biche County[c] January 1, 2018 7,673 8,330 −7.9% 12,527.48 0.6/km2
Mackenzie County June 23, 1999 12,804 11,171 +14.6% 79,629.26 0.2/km2
Strathcona County January 1, 1996 99,225 98,044 +1.2% 1,170.65 84.8/km2
Wood Buffalo, Regional Municipality of April 1, 1995 72,326 71,589 +1.0% 60,843.88 1.2/km2
Total specialized municipalities 202,461 199,298 +1.6% 155,463.32 1.3/km2
Province of Alberta 4,262,635 4,067,175 +4.8% 634,658.27 6.7/km2

Rural municipalities

Distribution of Alberta's 73 rural municipalities as of May 2021 including 63 municipal districts (orange), 7 improvement districts (green) and 3 special areas (brown)
Distribution of Alberta's 73 rural municipalities as of May 2021 including 63 municipal districts (orange), 7 improvement districts (green) and 3 special areas (brown)

Rural municipalities in Alberta include municipal districts, improvement districts and special areas.[31] For federal census purposes, Statistics Canada recognizes all three rural municipality types as census subdivisions.[13] However, Statistics Canada embeds Alberta's eight Metis settlements, a separate type of municipality, into the census subdivisions for six municipal districts.[32]

Combined, Alberta has 73 rural municipalities comprising 63 municipal districts, 7 improvement districts and 3 special areas.[2] The 73 rural municipalities have a total population of 481,120, a total land area of 468,246.83 km2 (180,791.11 sq mi).[3][d] These totals represent 11% of Alberta's population yet 73.8% of its land area.

Municipal districts

Main article: List of municipal districts in Alberta

In Alberta, a municipal district, typically branded as a county, is a type of rural municipality.[31] The MGA, enacted in 2000, stipulates that an area may incorporate as a municipal district if it has a population of 1,000 people or more and the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land larger than 1,850 m2 (19,900 sq ft).[6]

Alberta has 63 municipal districts that had a cumulative population of 470,620 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] The province's largest and smallest municipal districts by population are Rocky View County and the Municipal District (MD) of Ranchland No. 66 with 41,028 and 110 respectively, while its largest and smallest by land area are the MD of Greenview No. 16 and the MD of Spirit River No. 133 with 32,925.53 km2 (12,712.62 sq mi) and 679.86 km2 (262.50 sq mi) respectively.[3] Unincorporated communities recognized as hamlets by Alberta Municipal Affairs are located within every municipal district with the exception of Mountain View County, the MD of Ranchland No. 66 and the MD of Spirit River No. 133.[27]

Improvement districts

In Alberta, an improvement district is a type of rural municipality that can be incorporated by the Lieutenant Governor in Council on the recommendation of Alberta's Minister of Municipal Affairs under the authority of the MGA.[6][31] Improvement districts are administered by the Province of Alberta through its Ministry of Municipal Affairs.[31]

Alberta had eight improvement districts that had a cumulative population of 2,024 in the 2021 Census of Population.[2][3] The number of improvement districts was reduced to seven on May 1, 2021 when Improvement District (ID) No. 349 dissolved by way of annexation to the MD of Bonnyville No. 87.[33] Five of Alberta's improvement districts are within national parks while two are within provincial parks.[31] Alberta's largest improvement district by population is ID No. 9, located within Banff National Park, with 1,004, while its largest by land area is ID No. 24, located within Wood Buffalo National Park, at 33,053.78 km2 (12,762.14 sq mi).[3][31] ID No. 13 (Elk Island), ID No. 12 (Jasper National Park) and ID No. 25 (Willmore Wilderness) are unpopulated,[b] while its smallest by land area is ID No. 13 (Elk Island) at 165.00 km2 (63.71 sq mi).[3] Alberta Municipal Affairs recognizes two unincorporated communities within improvement districts as hamlets – Lake Louise within ID No. 9 (Banff National Park) and Waterton Park within ID No. 4 (Waterton Lakes National Park).[27]

Special areas

Main article: Special Areas Board

In Alberta, a special area is a type of rural municipality that can be incorporated by the Lieutenant Governor in Council under the authority of the Special Areas Act, which was enacted in 2000.[8][31] They were originally created in 1938 as a result of hardship brought upon a particular area in southeastern Alberta during the drought of the 1930s.[31]

Alberta has three special areas that had a cumulative population of 4,238 in the 2021 Census of Populations.[2][3] The province's largest by population and land area is Special Area (SA) No. 2 with 1,860 and 9,195.06 km2 (3,550.23 sq mi) respectively. Alberta's smallest by population is SA No. 3 with 1,142, while its smallest by land area is SA No. 4 with 4,299.80 km2 (1,660.16 sq mi).[3] The last special area to form was SA No. 4, which incorporated on January 1, 1969 through the removal of certain lands from SA No. 3.[34] The three special areas are administered as a single unit by the Special Areas Board, and are home to 16 unincorporated communities recognized as hamlets by Alberta Municipal Affairs.[31][34]

List

List of rural municipalities in Alberta
Name Status[2] Incorporation date
(current status)
[34][35][36]
2021 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km2)
Population
density
(per km2)
AcadiaMD of Acadia No. 34 Municipal district December 9, 1913 494 493 +0.2% 1,070.92 0.5/km2
Athabasca County Municipal district January 1, 1947 6,959 7,869 −11.6% 6,111.30 1.1/km2
BarrheadCounty of Barrhead No. 11 Municipal district January 1, 1955 5,877 6,288 −6.5% 2,385.28 2.5/km2
Beaver County, Alberta Municipal district February 1, 1943 5,868 5,905 −0.6% 3,219.74 1.8/km2
Big Lakes County[e] Municipal district January 1, 1995 3,664 3,780 −3.1% 12,259.29 0.3/km2
BighornMD of Bighorn No. 8 Municipal district January 1, 1988 1,598 1,324 +20.7% 2,678.80 0.6/km2
Birch Hills County Municipal district January 1, 1995 1,516 1,553 −2.4% 2,848.75 0.5/km2
BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87[f][g] Municipal district January 1, 1955 12,912 12,745 +1.3% 11,631.87 1.1/km2
Brazeau County Municipal district July 1, 1988 7,179 7,771 −7.6% 3,000.14 2.4/km2
Camrose County Municipal district January 1, 1944 8,504 8,660 −1.8% 3,291.75 2.6/km2
Cardston County Municipal district January 1, 1954 4,856 4,481 +8.4% 3,358.39 1.4/km2
Clear Hills County Municipal district January 1, 1995 3,006 3,018 −0.4% 15,025.54 0.2/km2
Clearwater County, Alberta Municipal district January 1, 1985 11,865 11,947 −0.7% 18,605.71 0.6/km2
Cypress County Municipal district January 1, 1985 7,524 7,662 −1.8% 12,977.99 0.6/km2
FairviewMD of Fairview No. 136 Municipal district December 9, 1914 1,580 1,604 −1.5% 1,373.66 1.2/km2
Flagstaff County Municipal district January 1, 1944 3,694 3,728 −0.9% 3,959.78 0.9/km2
Foothills County Municipal district January 1, 1954 23,199 22,616 +2.6% 3,604.76 6.4/km2
Forty MileCounty of Forty Mile No. 8 Municipal district January 1, 1954 3,471 3,581 −3.1% 7,163.61 0.5/km2
Grande PrairieCounty of Grande Prairie No. 1 Municipal district December 21, 1943 23,769 22,502 +5.6% 5,790.59 4.1/km2
GreenviewMD of Greenview No. 16 Municipal district January 1, 1994 8,584 9,154 −6.2% 32,925.53 0.3/km2
ID04Improvement District No. 4 Improvement district January 1, 1944 158 105 +50.5% 482.54 0.3/km2
ID09Improvement District No. 9 Improvement district April 1, 1945 1,004 1,028 −2.3% 6,751.09 0.1/km2
ID12Improvement District No. 12 Improvement district April 1, 1945 0 53 −100.0% 10,118.55 0.0/km2
ID13Improvement District No. 13 Improvement district April 1, 1958 0 0 NA 165.00 0.0/km2
ID24Improvement District No. 24 Improvement district January 1, 1967 706 648 +9.0% 33,053.78 0.0/km2
ID25Improvement District No. 25 Improvement district January 2, 1994 0 0 NA 4,601.52 0.0/km2
Kananaskis Improvement District Improvement district January 1, 1983 156 221 −29.4% 4,203.24 0.0/km2
Kneehill County Municipal district January 1, 1944 4,992 5,001 −0.2% 3,373.40 1.5/km2
Lac Ste. Anne County Municipal district January 1, 1944 10,832 10,899 −0.6% 2,845.84 3.8/km2
Lacombe County Municipal district January 1, 1944 10,283 10,343 −0.6% 2,759.12 3.7/km2
Lamont County Municipal district January 1, 1944 3,754 3,884 −3.3% 2,385.58 1.6/km2
Leduc County Municipal district January 1, 1944 14,416 13,177 +9.4% 2,502.59 5.8/km2
Lesser Slave RiverMD of Lesser Slave River No. 124 Municipal district January 1, 1995 2,861 2,803 +2.1% 10,041.79 0.3/km2
Lethbridge County Municipal district January 1, 1954 10,120 10,237 −1.1% 2,815.66 3.6/km2
MinburnCounty of Minburn No. 27 Municipal district January 30, 1942 3,014 3,188 −5.5% 2,850.37 1.1/km2
Mountain View County Municipal district January 1, 1944 12,981 13,074 −0.7% 3,763.42 3.4/km2
NewellCounty of Newell Municipal district January 1, 1953 7,465 7,524 −0.8% 5,810.15 1.3/km2
Northern LightsCounty of Northern Lights[h] Municipal district January 1, 1995 3,601 3,656 −1.5% 18,900.57 0.2/km2
Northern Sunrise County[i] Municipal district April 1, 1994 1,711 1,921 −10.9% 20,914.35 0.1/km2
OpportunityMD of Opportunity No. 17 Municipal district August 1, 1995 3,382 3,253 +4.0% 28,857.88 0.1/km2
PaintearthCounty of Paintearth No. 18 Municipal district January 1, 1944 1,990 2,102 −5.3% 3,239.58 0.6/km2
Parkland County Municipal district January 1, 1969 32,205 32,737 −1.6% 2,375.67 13.6/km2
PeaceMD of Peace No. 135 Municipal district December 11, 1916 1,581 1,752 −9.8% 847.22 1.9/km2
Pincher CreekMD of Pincher Creek No. 9 Municipal district January 1, 1944 3,240 2,965 +9.3% 3,455.75 0.9/km2
Ponoka County Municipal district January 1, 1952 9,998 9,806 +2.0% 2,807.99 3.6/km2
ProvostMD of Provost No. 52 Municipal district March 1, 1943 2,071 2,205 −6.1% 3,571.12 0.6/km2
RanchlandMD of Ranchland No. 66 Municipal district January 1, 1995 110 92 +19.6% 2,636.75 0.0/km2
Red Deer County Municipal district January 1, 1944 19,933 19,531 +2.1% 3,919.25 5.1/km2
Rocky View County Municipal district January 1, 1955 41,028 39,407 +4.1% 3,828.85 10.7/km2
Saddle Hills County Municipal district January 1, 1995 2,338 2,225 +5.1% 5,827.70 0.4/km2
Smoky Lake County[j] Municipal district March 1, 1943 2,939 3,145 −6.6% 2,265.41 1.3/km2
Smoky RiverMD of Smoky River No. 130 Municipal district January 1, 1952 1,684 2,006 −16.1% 2,834.18 0.6/km2
Special Area No. 2 Special area April 7, 1959 1,860 1,905 −2.4% 9,195.06 0.2/km2
Special Area No. 3 Special area April 7, 1959 1,142 1,153 −1.0% 6,469.33 0.2/km2
Special Area No. 4 Special area January 1, 1969 1,236 1,237 −0.1% 4,299.80 0.3/km2
Spirit RiverMD of Spirit River No. 133 Municipal district December 11, 1916 649 700 −7.3% 679.86 1.0/km2
St. PaulCounty of St. Paul No. 19 Municipal district January 30, 1942 6,306 6,036 +4.5% 3,280.40 1.9/km2
Starland County Municipal district February 1, 1943 1,821 2,066 −11.9% 2,540.85 0.7/km2
StettlerCounty of Stettler No. 6 Municipal district March 1, 1943 5,666 5,566 +1.8% 3,969.65 1.4/km2
Sturgeon County Municipal district January 1, 1955 20,061 20,495 −2.1% 2,084.24 9.6/km2
TaberMD of Taber Municipal district January 1, 1954 7,447 7,098 +4.9% 4,160.47 1.8/km2
Thorhild County Municipal district January 1, 1955 3,042 3,254 −6.5% 1,997.17 1.5/km2
Two HillsCounty of Two Hills No. 21 Municipal district January 1, 1944 3,412 3,641 −6.3% 2,600.15 1.3/km2
Vermilion RiverCounty of Vermilion River Municipal district January 1, 1944 7,994 8,453 −5.4% 5,420.13 1.5/km2
Vulcan County Municipal district January 1, 1951 4,237 3,984 +6.4% 5,356.65 0.8/km2
WainwrightMD of Wainwright No. 61 Municipal district January 30, 1942 4,276 4,464 −4.2% 4,095.29 1.0/km2
WarnerCounty of Warner No. 5 Municipal district January 1, 1954 4,290 3,942 +8.8% 4,462.20 1.0/km2
Westlock County Municipal district February 1, 1943 7,186 7,220 −0.5% 3,169.66 2.3/km2
WetaskiwinCounty of Wetaskiwin No. 10 Municipal district February 1, 1943 11,212 11,176 +0.3% 3,121.98 3.6/km2
Wheatland County, Alberta Municipal district January 1, 1955 8,738 8,788 −0.6% 4,505.05 1.9/km2
Willow CreekMD of Willow Creek No. 26 Municipal district January 1, 1954 6,081 5,575 +9.1% 4,485.05 1.4/km2
Woodlands County Municipal district January 1, 1994 4,558 4,744 −3.9% 7,599.52 0.6/km2
Yellowhead County Municipal district January 1, 1994 10,426 10,995 −5.2% 22,238.56 0.5/km2
Total municipal districts 470,620 470,304 +0.1% 383,878.12 1.2/km2
Total improvement districts 2,024 2,055 −1.5% 59,375.72 0.0/km2
Total special areas 4,238 4,295 −1.3% 19,964.19 0.2/km2
Total rural municipalities 481,120 481,512 −0.1% 468,246.83 1.0/km2
Province of Alberta 4,262,635 4,067,175 +4.8% 634,658.27 6.7/km2

Metis settlements

Distribution of Alberta's 8 Metis settlements among its 63 municipal districts (2020)
Distribution of Alberta's 8 Metis settlements among its 63 municipal districts (2020)

Main article: Metis in Alberta

Metis settlements are unique local governments dedicated to Alberta's Metis people.[37][k] The settlements were originally created in 1938 under the authority of the Metis Population Betterment Act with land and governance being transferred to the settlements in 1989.[37] Metis settlements are presently under the jurisdiction of the Metis Settlements Act, which was enacted in 2000.[9]

Alberta has eight Metis settlements.[2] Unlike the other types of municipalities, Metis settlements are not recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada for federal census purposes.[13] Rather, Statistics Canada recognizes them as designated places embedded within six municipal districts.[32]

Alberta's eight Metis settlements had a cumulative population of 4,238 in the 2021 Census of Population.[30][38] The province's largest and smallest Metis settlements by population are Kikino and East Prairie with 978 and 310 respectively, while the largest and smallest by land area are Paddle Prairie and Elizabeth at 1,726.45 km2 (666.59 sq mi) and 246.45 km2 (95.15 sq mi) respectively.[30]

List

List of Metis settlements in Alberta
Name Municipal district
or specialized
municipality
[27]
2021 Census of Population[30]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km2)
Population
density
(per km2)
Buffalo Lake Smoky Lake County 379 712 −46.8% 335.68 1.1/km2
East Prairie Big Lakes County 310 304 +2.0% 328.42 0.9/km2
Elizabeth BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87 594 653 −9.0% 246.45 2.4/km2
Fishing Lake BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87 414 446 −7.2% 348.64 1.2/km2
Gift Lake[l] Big Lakes County
Northern Sunrise County
625 658 −5.0% 803.29 0.8/km2
Kikino[m] Smoky Lake County
Lac La Biche County
978 934 +4.7% 441.69 2.2/km2
Paddle Prairie Northern LightsCounty of Northern Lights 551 544 +1.3% 1,726.45 0.3/km2
Peavine Big Lakes County 387 607 −36.2% 798.95 0.5/km2
Total Metis settlements 4,238 4,858 −12.8% 5,029.57 0.8/km2
Province of Alberta 4,262,635 4,067,175 +4.8% 634,658.27 6.7/km2

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The remaining 1% of Alberta's population resides on Indian reserves or Indian settlements, which occupy the remaining 0.3% of the province's land mass.[3]
  2. ^ a b Actual population may not be 0 as Statistics Canada, to protect privacy, rounds population to the nearest 5 in the event a geographic area's actual population is less than 15.[12]
  3. ^ Excludes the unpopulated land area of the portion of the Kikino Metis Settlement that is within Lac La Biche County.
  4. ^ Statistics presented for six municipal districts (the Big Lakes County, the MD of Bonnyville No. 87, Lac La Biche County, the County of Northern Lights, Northern Sunrise County and Smoky Lake County) differ from statistics for their corresponding census subdivisions published by Statistics Canada to recognize that Alberta's eight Metis settlements, which are designated places located within these six municipal districts, are separate municipalities.[32] The statistics presented for total municipal districts and total rural municipalities therefore exclude the statistics associated with the eight Metis settlements.
  5. ^ Excludes the populations and land areas of the East Prairie and Peavine Metis settlements and the portion of the Gift Lake Metis Settlement that are within Big Lakes County.
  6. ^ Includes the population and land area of the former Improvement District No. 349 that dissolved by way of annexation to the MD of Bonnyville No. 87 on May 1, 2021.[33]
  7. ^ Excludes the populations and land areas of the Elizabeth and Fishing Lake Metis settlements that are within the Municipal District of Bonnyville No. 87.
  8. ^ Excludes the population and land area of the Paddle Prairie Metis Settlement that is within the County of Northern Lights.
  9. ^ Excludes the unpopulated land area of the portion of the Gift Lake Metis Settlement that is within Northern Sunrise County.
  10. ^ Excludes the populations and land areas of the Buffalo Lake Metis Settlement and the portion of the Kikino Metis Settlement that are within Smoky Lake County.
  11. ^ The Metis are descendants of people of mixed First Nations and European heritage.
  12. ^ Gift Lake comprises two parts. The majority is located within Big Lakes County, while the balance is located within Northern Sunrise County. The Big Lakes County portion (part "A") had a population of 625 living on 802.46 km2 (309.83 sq mi) in 2021, while the Northern Sunrise County portion (part "B") had a population of 0 living on 0.83 km2 (0.32 sq mi).[30]
  13. ^ Kikino comprises two parts. The majority is located within Smoky Lake County, while the balance is located within Lac La Biche County. The Smoky Lake County portion (part "A") had a population of 978 living on 440.92 km2 (170.24 sq mi) in 2021, while the Lac La Biche County portion (part "B") had a population of 0 living on 0.77 km2 (0.30 sq mi).[30]

References

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2021 and 2016 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. March 14, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "2021 Municipal Codes" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. February 11, 2021. p. 1 of 13. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Alberta". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  4. ^ "What Are Municipalities?". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  5. ^ "The Provisions of Programs and Services Through Municipalities". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Municipal Government Act, Revised Statutes of Alberta 2000, Chapter M–26 (Office Consolidation)" (PDF). Alberta Queen's Printer. June 17, 2013. pp. 30–31, 47, 64–66, 69, 306. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  7. ^ "Types Of Municipalities In Alberta". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "Special Areas Act, Revised Statutes of Alberta 2000, Chapter S–16 (Office Consolidation)" (PDF). Alberta Queen's Printer. May 27, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c "Metis Settlements Act, Revised Statutes of Alberta 2000, Chapter M–14 (Office Consolidation)" (PDF). Alberta Queen's Printer. June 17, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  10. ^ "Information Sheet: The Legislative Assembly of Alberta" (PDF). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. p. 2. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  11. ^ "About The Ministry of Municipal Affairs". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  12. ^ "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2011 Census – Notes (Adjustment of population counts)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  13. ^ a b c d "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (PDF). Statistics Canada. pp. 6–7. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  14. ^ "2012 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. November 22, 2012. pp. 1–2, 10. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
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